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Keith Norbie Flash Storage decision methodology - mnvmug

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This is a presentation for the Minnesota VMUG 3/28/2014. This focuses on Flash Storage Buying Criteria and help in decision making. We cover all types of flash (SLC, MLC, eMLC), categories (Host, network, AFA, hybrid), and factors that matters.

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Keith Norbie Flash Storage decision methodology - mnvmug

  1. 1. #MNVMUG Debate Flash Storage Decision Methodology Keith Norbie Director of Virtualization, Server, Storage - East Keith.Norbie@tig.com @keithnorbie
  2. 2. SATA HDD typical read IOPS = 80 Flash SSD typical read IOPS = 30,000 375x For comparison Typical walking speed = 3 mph Speed of sound = 761 mph Felix Baumgartner free-fall = 834 mph “only” 278x Flash is fast – but we already knew that *Slide courtesy of Justin Lauer, Tintri
  3. 3. Interesting effect towards Moore’s Law… What’s an architecture bound by? CPU, Network, Disk, Flash, Cache destaging, etc.
  4. 4. But…. Did you know the 2nd fastest Computer in the world has no Flash?
  5. 5. Beyond Hype: Get Informed Get Informed • Flash as a technology • Differentiation • Categories • Efficiencies Prepare Decision Criteria • Financial • Political • Operational • Technical • Vendor Background
  6. 6. Flash Storage Elemental Need to Know •Wearing •Inherently random access •How is writes •Garbage Collection •Raid? Hot Spares? Types of Flash •MLC •eMLC •SLC Use Cases •Read Acceleration •VDI •Database •Parts of HPC VM Affinity •Storage Blender •Writes mis-alignment •Read Cache •VSAN •Horizon Suite •Guest based vs Kernel based Architectural •DAS – PCIe, SSD •Network Accelerators •Shared – PCIe, SSD, memory •AFA •Hybrid
  7. 7. Level Set on Flash Things to know about Flash • Cells wear out • Different flavors • It fails differently than disk • Writes are expensive, reads are free • Inherently random access • FlashTranslation Layer (FTL) • What is Garbage collection? • Raid types? Hot Spares? • Wear leveling is important
  8. 8. “Server-ization” of Storage 8  Shareability  High Capacity  High Availability  Centralized Storage Management Capacity Tier Performance Tier  Data far away from Applications  Inadequate Performance  Poor utilization & Inefficiency  High Costs Performance Tier
  9. 9. DRAM PCIe SERVER APPLICATION DATA Breakthrough PCIe Flash Architecture Why Server Side is Faster 9 DRAM HBA Switches ENTERPRISE STORAGESTORAGE NETWORKSERVER APPLICATION DATA RAID HDD/SDD Legacy Storage Architecture • Increased Performance • Higher Resource Utilization • Lower costs • Less Complexity • Improved Data Service             Data Delivery: MILLISECONDS Data Delivery: MICROSECONDS
  10. 10. Anyone know of any FlashVendors?
  11. 11. Classifications and Form Factors SDN JBOD Flash
  12. 12. Flash in the Storage ModelsModels defined - virtualgeek.typepad.com Distributed, Shared NothingTightly Coupled, Scale Out Loosely Coupled, Scale OutClustered XtremIO VMax HDS USP & VSP IBM DS Isilon VSAN ScaleIO Nutanix Simplivity Most Traditional Pure Tintri NetApp FAS VNX “Object Storage” ATMOS Hadoop OpenStack Swift Coho – sort of
  13. 13. So… Kernel mode or Guest mode
  14. 14. So… Kernel mode or Guest modeSource: frankdenneman.nl & Nutanix Bible
  15. 15. Flash & Software Defined Storage?
  16. 16. Hybrid systems marry flash and disk to deliver the best of both All Flash or Hybrid?
  17. 17. Net Results All Flash w/Reduce 10U installed (based on market-leading modular array using 300 GB 15k disks achieving a sustained 200,000 IOPs) 280U installed Traditional Storage
  18. 18. Example | Web 2.0 Infrastructure 18
  19. 19. Decision Criteria Shaping Scalability •Out •Up •Capacity •Performanc e Efficiency •Dedupe •How granular? •Inline or post? •Thin Provision? Why? Flash Technology • Wear leveling past 5 years? • Workload Management •How does it handle workloads? • Snapshots, Replication • Brand of NAND, type? Affinity •VMware •App optimization •VDI Fault Tolerance •What happens with a hardware failure during a write? •Cell, drive, node, controller, etc •Caching/Tier ing during HA event? Vendor Strength • Fiscal • Leadership • Momentum • References, Case Studies • Use Cases Security •Do you support encryption? Ease of Manage- ability •Single pane for PB’s? •Software Defined? •Automation Financial •ROI/TCO? •Justification ?
  20. 20. Questions? Thanks! Keith Norbie Director of Virtualization, Server, Storage - East Keith.Norbie@tig.com @keithnorbie

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