Successfully reported this slideshow.

Romans 9 11 (nkjv)

559 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Romans 9 11 (nkjv)

  1. 1. A Brief Look at Paul’s Teaching in Romans 9-11 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 1
  2. 2. Replacement theology and Christian arrogancePaul’s teaching clearly opposes the heresy of replacement theology, which arrogantly declares that the church is the “new Israel” and has replaced Israel in the plans of GodWe are each one of us called to be a worker “rightly dividing the word of truth” 2 Timothy 2:15 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 2
  3. 3. Paul’s strong language “I tell the truth in Christ, I am not lying” Romans 9:1 "Do not boast against the branches” [“broken off” - v 17- i.e. unbelieving Jews] Romans 11: 18 “Do not be haughty ... Your Israel Connection fear" Bridges for Peace [arrogant], but 3
  4. 4. Paul’s strong language "I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion…” Romans 11:25a Regarding any thought that God has finished with the Jews - “Certainly not!” “No way!” “By no means!” Romans 11:1,11 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 4
  5. 5. The importance of context Christianity didn’t just appear in a vacuum It sprang from the highly developed religious tradition and culture of ancient Israel - its roots are deep in Jewish soil We need to understand also the historical context of the book of Romans Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 5
  6. 6. The early church The leaders and teachers in the earliest Christian communities were Jewish But as elsewhere and at other times, persecution wasn’t far around the corner - something that in various ways has haunted the Jewish people for two millennia Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 6
  7. 7. Change in the church In AD 49, following a disturbance involving Jews, the emperor Claudius (as described in Acts 18:2) expelled Jews from Rome As a result, Gentiles took over leadership of the Roman church Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 7
  8. 8. Paul’s plans Jews were later invited by the emperor Nero to return to Italy Paul writes to the Roman church and lays out the fundamentals of the Christian faith, and also brings some clear teaching regarding the way Gentile believers needed to relate to Jewish believers Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 8
  9. 9. What is the key New Testamentteaching on how Christians should relate to Jews? In Romans, Chapters 9 through 11, Paul builds on his case of justification by faith by answering the next logical question: “So then, what about Israel? Hadn’t the unbelief of Jewish people cut them off from God?” Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 9
  10. 10. Romans 9:3-5“For I could wish that I myself were accursedfrom Christ for my brethren, my countrymenaccording to the flesh, who are Israelites, towhom pertain [belong] the adoption, theglory, the covenants, the giving of the law, theservice of God, and the promises; of whomare the fathers and from whom, according tothe flesh, Christ came, who is over all, theeternally blessed God. Amen.” Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 10
  11. 11. God’s covenant people still The Jewish people are God’s covenant people, bound to Him then as now through an everlasting covenant - Genesis 17:7-8 To Israel were given wonderful gifts and blessings and promises, and they still apply Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 11
  12. 12. Key chapter - Romans 11“I say then, has God cast away[literally, push or thrust away] His people?Certainly not! For I also am an Israelite,of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe ofBenjamin. God has not cast away[disowned /utterly rejected] His peoplewhom He foreknew.”Romans 11:1-2a Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 12
  13. 13. Israel’s temporary stumble“I say then, have they stumbled that theyshould fall [i.e. beyond recovery]? Certainlynot! But through their fall, to provoke them tojealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.”Romans 11:11Israels rejection of Jesus as the Messiah didnot result in a permanent fall from grace Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 13
  14. 14. Riches for the Gentiles“Now if their fall is riches for the world, andtheir failure riches for the Gentiles, howmuch more their fullness!”Romans 11:12The Gentiles - you and I - really do owe atremendous debt to Israel Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 14
  15. 15. Called to make Israel jealousBut through their fall, to provoke them tojealousy, salvation has come to the Gentiles.”Romans 11:11“For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I aman apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify myministry, if by any means I may provoke tojealousy those who are my flesh and savesome of them.” Romans 11:13-14 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 15
  16. 16. Christian anti-SemitismCenturies of anti-Semitism in the church hasoften been a huge stumbling block that hasdriven a huge wedge between Jewish peopleand ChristiansEdward Flannery (1964) - “The pages Jewshave memorized have been torn from ourhistories of the Christian era….” Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 16
  17. 17. Christian anti-Semitism Justin Martyr (c. AD 160) in speaking to a Jew said: “The Scriptures are not yours, but ours.” Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon (c. AD 177) declared: “Jews are disinherited from the grace of God.” Tertullian (AD 160-230), in his treatise, “Against the Jews,” announced that God had rejected the Jews in favour of the Christians. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 17
  18. 18. Christian anti-Semitism In the early 4th century, Eusebius wrote that the promises of the Hebrew Scriptures were for Christians; the curses were for the Jews. In AD 313 Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, favouring Christianity while outlawing synagogues. Another edict in AD 315 allowed the burning of Jews if they broke the laws. With Christianity becoming the state religion, more anti-Jewish laws were passed. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 18
  19. 19. Christian anti-Semitism Hilary of Poitiers (AD 291-371) wrote: “Jews are a perverse people accursed by God forever.” Gregory of Nyssa (died AD 394), Bishop of Cappadocia: “the Jews are a brood of vipers, haters of goodness...” St. Jerome (AD 347-407) describes the Jews as “... serpents, wearing the image of Judas, their psalms and prayers are the braying of donkeys.” Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 19
  20. 20. Christian anti-SemitismAt the end of the 4th century, the Bishop ofAntioch, John Chrysostom, wrote: “Thesynagogue is not only a brothel and a theatre;it is also a den of robbers and a lodging forwild beasts. No Jew adores God... Jews areinveterate murderers, possessed by the devil,their debauchery and drunkenness gives themthe manners of the pig. They kill and maimone another...” Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 20
  21. 21. Christian anti-Semitism These anti-Jewish teachings gave rise to: the killing of many Jews in the Crusades; the accusations of deicide and blood libel; the forced wearing of distinguishing marks; the horrors of the Inquisition; the displacement of whole Jewish communities by exile or separate ghettoes; the destruction of synagogues/Jewish books; physical persecution and execution; the Pogroms…. culminating in the Holocaust, which occurred in “Christian” Europe. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 21
  22. 22. Martin LutherMartin Luther wrote: “The Jews are brutes.Their synagogues are pig sties; they ought tobe burned. They live by evil and plunder.They are evil beasts that ought to be drivenout like mad dogs……”He also seems to advocate their murder,writing: "[W]e are at fault in not slaying them.”On the Jews and Their Lies (1543) Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 22
  23. 23. A coming time of blessing How sensitively and lovingly - and with much humility - Christians need to rebuild trust in relationship with the Jewish people! And, says Paul in Romans 11:12-15, there is wonderful blessing for the Gentiles and also for the Jewish people in the days ahead - see especially verses 12 and 15 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 23
  24. 24. A coming time of blessingRomans 11:12,15“Now if their fall is riches for the world, andtheir failure riches for the Gentiles, howmuch more their fullness!” (verse 12).“For if their being cast away is thereconciling of the world, what will theiracceptance be but life from the dead?”(verse 15). Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 24
  25. 25. What God begins well He finishes well“For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is alsoholy; and if the root is holy, so are thebranches”Romans 11:16Numbers 15:18-21, Leviticus 23:10 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 25
  26. 26. God will never set Israel asideGod has a special love for the descendantsof the patriarchs and will never set Israelaside!Israel, whose origins began with a covenantwith God, will be redeemed and wonderfullyblessed by her God. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 26
  27. 27. Paul’s imagery of the olive treePaul uses the imagery of the olive tree toemphasise our Christian connection withIsrael.He teaches that God’s plan was to bring Jewand Gentile together as one olive tree, butsadly church history teaches us that insteadthey were separated. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 27
  28. 28. God hates an arrogant attitude“And if some of the branches were brokenoff, and you, being a wild olive tree, weregrafted in among them, and with thembecame a partaker of the root andfatness of the olive tree, do not boastagainst the branches. But if you do boast,remember that you do not support theroot, but the root supports you.”Romans 11:17-18 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 28
  29. 29. “He may not spare you”You will say then, ‘Branches were broken offthat I might be grafted in.’ Well said.Because of unbelief they were broken off,and you stand by faith. Do not be haughty,but fear. For if God did not spare the naturalbranches, He may not spare you either.”Romans 11:19-21 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 29
  30. 30. Israel is the natural root“For if you were cut out of the olive tree whichis wild by nature, and were grafted contraryto nature into a cultivated olive tree, howmuch more will these, who are naturalbranches, be grafted into their own olivetree?”Romans 11:24 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 30
  31. 31. Israel is the natural root Christians are those who have been “grafted into” the cultivated (natural) olive tree (Romans 11:24), which is the place of God’s blessing and favour Israel (in covenant relationship with God) is the natural root (ever-green, indestructible) As Christians grafted in we partake of “the root and fatness [or richness/sap] of the olive tree” (Romans 11:17) Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 31
  32. 32. Ephesians 2:11-16Paul’s point in this Ephesians passage is thatthe unity between Jew and Gentile as the“one new man” (verse 15) is accomplishedby God as He grafts branches “cut out of theolive tree that is wild by nature” (unbelievingGentiles) into “the cultivated olive tree”whose roots are His chosen people the Jews(Romans 11:24). Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 32
  33. 33. The Jews’ blessing to the worldPaul’s reference to the fatness / richness /sap of the Jewish-rooted olive tree is areminder to us of the wonderful blessingthat Israel and the Jewish people havebeen and continue to be to the world. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 33
  34. 34. The Jews’ blessing to the worldOur Scriptures, the promises of God, therevelation of God as the one true God (thebringing of monotheism to a world of paganidol worshippers), the apostles, and JesusHimself, all have come to us through theJewish people. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 34
  35. 35. Jeremiah 31:35-37 Gentile believers were never intended to take the place of the original branches. This passage opposes "replacement theology", which says that the church is the “new Israel” and has replaced Israel in the plans of God. The Jewish people have always been and always will be precious to God - His original covenant people. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 35
  36. 36. Do we show love and mercy? We are to reflect God’s heart of love and mercy. And to watch our attitude! Do we show love and mercy (see Romans 11:31)? The real issue is - be humble! Love and learn from our Jewish brothers and sisters. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 36
  37. 37. “The gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable” Our God, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, is indeed a faithful, promise- keeping God - for Gentile and Jew alike! Romans 11:22-29 Paul declares in verse 29, “the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.” God has spoken, and He will do it! Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 37
  38. 38. Our response as Christians “For if the Gentiles have been partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister to them in material things” Romans 15:27b “Thus also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead” James 2:17 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 38
  39. 39. Our response as Christians “Their [the Jews’] spiritual things” with which Gentile believers have been blessed are profoundly significant. The promise to the world through Abraham was that, "in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed" (Genesis 12:3). The Jewish people have indeed blessed us all with many spiritual blessings. Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 39
  40. 40. Blessing Israel Organisations like Bridges for Peace maintain their expression of practical love and mercy because of worldwide Christian support. We have the privilege of loving His people and working towards healing past hurts. We all were disobedient, but the Lord showed mercy to us. So we should be showing His unconditional love to all people, including the Jewish people. Romans 11:30-32 Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 40
  41. 41. What is the motto of Bridges for Peace?“WHY JUST READ ABOUT BIBLEPROPHECY WHEN YOU CAN BE A PART OF IT?”These are exciting days in which we live These are Bible times Get involved; become a part of God’s prophetic Word Bridges for Peace ... Your Israel Connection 41

×