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Managing Stress


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Stress in business management - theory, case studies, facts, and resiliency

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Managing Stress

  1. 1. Managing Personal Stress<br />By: Keith Isaacs<br />
  2. 2. What is stress?<br />Personal Stress – Physical or mental strain, pressure, or tension placed on an individual<br />Types of stress?<br />- Physiological Stress - Force that causes stress over the physical body.<br />- Psychological Stress - Force that causes stress in the mind of the body.<br />- Social Stress - Force that causes stress over external events of the body .<br />What are stressors?<br />Stressors – Stimuli that cause physiological and psychological reactions in individuals.<br />Situations involving…<br />
  3. 3. Eliminating stressors in:<br />Physiological Stress<br />
  4. 4. Physiological Stress<br />Scenario: A day with John!<br /> Everyday John will wake up in the morning for work. As he awakes, he finds it hard to get up and get going. He gets to the shower only to find that he is out of breath going up the stairs and must sit before getting into the shower. John will then get ready for work, and skip breakfast as he usually does. At work, he starts experiencing headaches and is starting to get hungry. For lunch, he decides to go to a fast food place, where he fills himself to the point it makes him tired. Returning to work, he becomes more fatigued and even less motivated thanhe was in the morning. John’s boss notices the lack of afternoon work, and gives a verbal warning to him. As the day ends, the John finds himself in front of the television and asleep before dinner. John struggles once again to get up to eat dinner. After dinner the he finds he cannot sleep, and is up until 2:00 am. What could John have done differently to relieve his stress and maintain a better and healthier lifestyle?<br />
  5. 5. Physiological Stress<br />1st way to relieve the physiological stress<br />Cardiovascular Health<br /><ul><li>Stress can cause heart disease
  6. 6. Stress also contributes to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and other cardiac risk factors in many individuals.
  7. 7. Stress leads poor lifestyle habits including smoking and unhealthy diet, which leads to poor heart health.
  8. 8. Alters body behavior and adds to negative changes in blood and nervous system
  9. 9. Reduces blood flow to the heart, which can lead to irregular heart beat and clotting. </li></li></ul><li>Physiological Stress<br />2nd way to relieve the physiological stress<br />Dietary Health<br /><ul><li>Stress leads to over eating, obesity, and increased physical effects of stress on our body
  10. 10. Unhealthy foods add Chemical Stress to our bodies
  11. 11. Caffeine is a stimulant that chemically increases levels of adrenalin and significantly increase blood pressure
  12. 12. Alcohol interrupts sleep, limits emotional response, and our ability to cope with stress positively
  13. 13. High Fat Intake- (Heart Disease) Stress eating leads to eating food high in fat/cholesterol
  14. 14. Plaque- build up that blocks flow of blood in the heart
  15. 15. Sugar raises insulin levels and energy rate in the body </li></li></ul><li>Physiological Stress<br />Resiliency Exercise<br />HOW DOES EXERCISE HELP WITH STRESS?<br /><ul><li> Increases positive chemical reaction in the brain and increases energy (endorphins)
  16. 16. Alleviates pressure through physical action that requires focus and concentration
  17. 17. Reduces stress by building self confidence and generation self control over your mind
  18. 18. and body</li></ul>TIPS FOR SUCCESS<br /><ul><li> Do something you like
  19. 19. Create a schedule or exercise plan (Stick to it)
  20. 20. Set a goal
  21. 21. Find a buddy
  22. 22. Try new things
  23. 23. Commit </li></li></ul><li>Physiological Stress<br />Resiliency Diet<br />HOW DOES A HEALTHY DIET HELP WITH STRESS?<br /><ul><li> Increases chemical/physical health of your body and it’s ability to cope or resist stress
  24. 24. Controlling your weight and physical appearance builds self confidence and generates </li></ul>positive emotion and thought<br /><ul><li> “a diet low in saturated fats, with plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, show a 73%</li></ul>reduction in the risk of new major cardiac events”<br /><ul><li> “Low fruit and vegetable intake accounts for about 20% of cardiovascular disease</li></ul>worldwide”<br />TIPS FOR SUCCESS<br /><ul><li> Pay attention to what your eating- Buy/Eat more vegetables, fruits, whole grains, etc…
  25. 25. Throw away and do not purchase unhealthy food (out of sight; out of mind)
  26. 26. Remove the idea that food is a tool for comfort
  27. 27. Identify your food triggers-What do you crave the most when you are under stress or seeking comfort?
  28. 28. Eat a balanced diet-A healthy diet is not = starvation
  29. 29. Include balanced meals and healthy snacks to your daily routine</li></li></ul><li>Eliminating stressors in:<br />Psychological Stress<br />
  30. 30. Psychological Stress<br />Scenario: Too much to handle!<br /> How can I go to school full-time, take care of my kids and family, work, get my homework completed in a timely manner and manage toget decent grades in college? My grades are extremely important to me, but so is my home and family life. I am always anxious which makes it hard to relax and sleep, causing me to never feel like I am maximizing my ability to the upmost potential. What can I do to reduce all of this psychological stress? <br />
  31. 31. Psychological Stress<br />How we define psychological stress and the effects?<br /><ul><li>WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS?
  32. 32. An individual reaction to demands from the self or fromother individuals.
  33. 33. The mind causes tension due to the inabilityofa person to deal</li></ul>effectively with these expectations.<br />EFFECTS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STESS…<br /><ul><li> Leads to worry, fear, anxiety and depression</li></li></ul><li>Psychological Stress<br />Treating psychological stress<br />Counseling- enable, empower and teach positive and healthy reactions<br />Relaxation training – deep concentration, mental focus, breathing, etc.<br />Cognitive Therapy techniques – learn how to examine what is important and prioritize<br /> - What needs to change?<br />
  34. 34. Psychological Stress<br />Resiliency in psychological stress<br />SMALL WINS STRATEGY<br /><ul><li>Working for incremental accomplishment rather </li></ul>than trying to hit a home run.<br /><ul><li>Setting small concrete goals, so you can enjoy</li></ul>visible success.<br /><ul><li> High confidence
  35. 35. Excitement
  36. 36. Optimistic
  37. 37. Will motivate you to accomplish another small win</li></li></ul><li>Psychological Stress<br />Resiliency in psychological stress<br />DEEP RELAXATIONS STRATEGIES<br /><ul><li> Meditation
  38. 38. Yoga
  39. 39. Autogenic training
  40. 40. Self- hypnosis
  41. 41. Regular practice of these techniques will provide conditioning
  42. 42. to your body to inhibit the negative effects of stress.</li></li></ul><li>Eliminating stressors in:<br />Social Stress<br />
  43. 43. Social Stress<br />Scenario: Change in scenery… <br /> You have accepted a move to another state for that perfect job. You are leaving the only place you have ever lived with your parents and friends living only minutes away. The company will pay for your move but there are still so many details you still need to work through before the move. Even though everyone is being supportive about your new job there is a lot of tension about living hundreds of miles away. Your perfect job starts and you notice your subordinates keep their distance and turn away when you walk by. Not only are you dealing with all of the hassles involved with moving like hooking up utilities, unpacking and learning you way around a new city: your furniture arrives damaged, it took you 30 minutes to find the grocery store that was 5 minutes away and you still cannot find the post office. You miss your friends and family and old co-workers. Leaving your strong social network behind was much more difficult than you expected and you wonder if you made the right decision. How do you cope with the stress?<br />
  44. 44. Social Stress<br />Methods of combating social stress<br /><ul><li> Develop a new social support network by getting involved in your new community. Join a gym or find a local sports league to join or even find a local charity organization that suits you.
  45. 45. Keep in touch and show your family how much you appreciate them and how important they are to you.
  46. 46. Keep a positive outlook and celebrate the small wins in life.
  47. 47. Take time to learn about yourself and cope with the strong emotions you are feeling.</li></li></ul><li>Social Stress<br />Methods of combating social stress continued…<br /><ul><li> Find a support group for people who are going through a similar experience.
  48. 48. Use Humor to release stress hormone levels and keep things in prospective.
  49. 49. Create an open and friendly support system for coworkers so they feel like they can turn to you when necessary.
  50. 50. Avoid people who are non-supportive; make sure they reduce and not increase your stress.
  51. 51. Be proactive and make the first move to keep in touch.
  52. 52. Keeping family and friends close for support and keeping bonds are important for getting past stress.
  53. 53. Stay proactive, open minded and take the initiative to make new friends and work relationships.</li></li></ul><li>Social Stress<br />Benefits of eliminating social stress<br /><ul><li>Helps to develop skills in problem solving and communication
  54. 54. Learn how to manage your emotions
  55. 55. Gives you a sense of belonging
  56. 56. Rely on others and yourself
  57. 57. To view yourself in a positive manner</li></li></ul><li>Conclusion<br />Stress reduction = Life-long success!<br /><ul><li> Stress can play a huge role in the quality of one’s career, as well as one’s life.
  58. 58. The amount of physiological, psychological, and social stress that a person deals with on a daily basis can significantly impact a person’s performance as a manager and leader in the workforce.
  59. 59. Resiliency is not a trait that people either have or do not have. It involves behaviors, thoughts, and actions that can be learned and developed in anyone.
  60. 60. Managing stress is managing life. Managing life is managing stress.
  61. 61. Use what you have learned in this class to deal with your own stress!</li></li></ul><li>Stress Resources<br />Useful information on stress<br /><ul><li>
  62. 62. risk factors/stress/
  63. 63.
  64. 64.
  65. 65. some specific stress reduction methods 000031</li></ul>7.htm<br /><ul><li> road to resilience.pdf
  66. 66.
  67. 67.</li>