Brazil Capital: Brasilia Official Language: Portuguese Government: Presidential Federal Republic Population: 196,342,592 (5th)Brazils flag is a deep green banner with a yellow diamondenclosing a night-blue as a sky. The sky has 27 white, five-pointed stars (one for each state and the Federal District); thestars are arranged in the pattern of the night sky over Rio deJaneiro on November 15, 1889 (this is the date when therepublic was proclaimed). A banner across the skyreads, "ORDEM E PROGRESSO," which means “Order andProgress”.
Population• The 5th largest population in the world (about 197 million people)• Population is concentrated mainly along the coast and in the majorcities, where two-thirds of the people now live: over 19 million in greaterSao Paulo and 10 million in greater Rio. History and Language• The Portuguese were the first European settlers to arrive in the area, ledby adventurous Pedro Cabral, who began the colonial period in 1500.• Independence: 1822.Brazilian Portuguese became influenced by Europeans who had migratedto the central and southern parts of the country. This is the reason onefinds in those areas variations in pronunciation and a few superficiallexical changes.• In fact, the Brazilian dialect has become the dominant influence in thedevelopment of the Portuguese language, for the simple reason thatBrazil has 15 times the population of Portugal and a much more dynamiclinguistic environment.
Brazilian People / Curiosities• Brazilian culture is known for its hospitality, openness and colorful andrhythmic events such as Carnival. Some characteristics of this very diversecountry are music, dance, soccer, a vibrant atmosphere, beautifulnature, and diverse landscape.•Brazilian people are always friendly and cheerful. Smiles go a long way.Cities in Brazil are vibrant and exciting with carnivals and music• Our entire family goes to grandmas house on Sundays for a big familyget together. Even when we see each other everyday.• We leave your house spotless when we have people coming over.Because everything means party. And if the party isn‟t over until 5 a.m. isNOT a party! Also, if someone tells us to be at a certain place (speciallyparty) at 8:00 pm, we dont show up until 10:30 or 11:00 p.m.•We understand and can speak Spanish, but when we say a word inPortuguese no one understands us.
• We are always taking pictures everywhere we go.•Any holiday, being it official or not, is an excuse to stay home from workand take a week vacation.• Our idea about Barbecue lunch is to spend the entire day eating anddrinking beer. Even if we start at 12 o‟clock, we only say bye after 11 p.m.But almost any occasion can be celebrated with a barbecue:birthdays, political rallies, soccer games, or it can be a simple get-togetherwith your family and friends on the weekend.• In Brazil you can find people from every corner of the world.• Cost of living can be as low as 30% of the cost in the US/Europe•Brazil is considered a low risk in respect of War, Terrorism, or Hurricanes.• We‟ve studied the history of almost every country.• An ideal woman is a woman with small breasts and a big butt.
Carnival Brazil does Carnival(in Portuguese, Carnaval )-the annual four-dayfestival marking the arrival of Lent- like nowhere else. With parties all acrossthe country-most famously in Rio de Janeiro-Brazils version of Carnival is anepic celebration of the senses, and visitors are welcome to join the fun.Carnival usually falls toward the end of February, but note that the festivitiesvary from region to region. The dancing and music youre most likely to see and hear in Rio are known together as samba. First introduced by African slaves, samba has become the national dance of Brazil, and it permeates every aspect of Carnival. In northeast Brazil, samba rhythms are joined by other African-inspired music. Each region of Brazil celebrates Carnival in its own way.
Rio de Janeiro has many Carnival choices, including the famous Sambaschool (Escolas de Samba) parades in the sambadrome exhibitioncentre and the popular groups of carnival, which parade in almostevery corner of the city.
North Region The north of Brazil offers unique opportunities. There are 7 states in this region. The Amazon is the largest biological reserve in the world and has unparalleled natural resources, as well as one third of the planets living species. Ten of the twenty largest rivers on earth are located in the Amazon River Basin. One of them is the Amazon River, which is 4,087 miles long.The region has a well developed ecotourism industry with highstandard tours that are conducted by well trained guides who havesurvival training.
The differences between the black water of the Rio Negro and thewhite water Amazon are readily apparent where two rivers meet nearManaus, Brazil. The rivers run side by side, clearly distinct as separatewhite and black water, before blending together after several miles.
Amazon Animals The Amazon rainforest is the biggest forest in the world and is alsothe last big space covered with tropical plants and animals. Spectacularlythere are an estimated 15,000 different kinds of Brazilian Amazon animals. Anaconda SnakeMade famous around the world by the film of the same name, the anacondasnake is also known as the water boa. The snake lives in water and swampssurrounding the Amazon and is nocturnal. It is one of the largest and mostpowerful snakes in the world. It kills its prey by constriction, or squeezing.
Moves such as James Bond made in the 1970s and 1980s have made the piranha a worldwide phenomenon. In fact, the only species of piranha that can strip flesh of an animal in double quick time are the red-bellied piranha. One of the oldest BrazilianAmazon animals, the tapir is the worlds most primitive large mammal.
Amazon Hotels Ariau TowersAs an unusual hotel, Ariau lets you sleep in the treetops of the Amazon Rainforest. “Tarzan‟shouse,” for example, is perched on stilts 80 feet above the ground.Situated on the bank of the Negro River, Ariau‟s apartments, suites and tree houses are linked by a series of catwalks
Northeast Region The Northeast Region is different from the rest of Brazil. The population is more heavily African, the culinary is spicier, the weather hot and dry all the time. The barren areas called sertão are more desert-like than tropical since they get rain for only a short time each year. Northeasts culture is very rich, with its unique constructions in the old centers of Salvador, Recife and Olinda, dance (frevo and samba), music (axé, forró) and culinary.The economy is based on tourism (in coastal or historical cities) or agriculture.The tourist industry is based largely on the beaches, which attract thousandsof tourists per year, not only from other regions of Brazil but also many fromEurope (especially Italy and Germany), the U.S.A., and Australia.
Ceará The northeast of Brazil is the main “sun and beach”destination in the country and is also the area that is receiving most investment and attention on an international level.
Lençóis MaranhensesIt is a sea of sand dunes that occupies70 km of coastline and advances 50km inland.This formation provides impressiveviews comprised of countless lakeswith blue and green water that duringthe rainy season contrast with thewhite sand of the dunes, which canreach 40m in height.
Olinda A pleasant panoramic tour, with its reefs, natural swimming pools ofwarm waters and the beauty of the coconut trees. You can also see thehistorical centre, with its eclectic architecture, old churches to the centennialbridges that were a mark the in Recife urbanization. Heading for Olinda, a humanitys cultural and naturalpatrimony, with its convents, monasteries and churches, built with art andwith faith, the narrow streets with colonial houses, the exotic slopes thatlead to the city highest point, the Alto da Sé, with a splendid view ofRecife, of the surrounding islands and of the huge beach area.
Salvador In tropical Salvador, June, and July are the coolest months withtemperatures in the 70s and 80s, abundant rain and pleasant tradewinds blowing off the ocean. In June, folklore comes alive withcelebration, music, dances, festive food and street decorations. Salvadorholds a special place in the development of the Brazilian nation andAfro- Brazilian cultural identity. Salvador was the first capital city inBrazil.
Lacerda ElevatorThis tower with four electric liftsprovides access between theHigh and Low areas of townand fabulous panoramic viewsof Salvador from its top. It is 74meters (242 ft) in height.
Fernando de Noronha Fernando de Noronha is a small volcanic island found a fewhundred kilometers off the coast of Brazil. It is formed by twenty oneislands and has a main island - the biggest one also called "Fernando deNoronha" - which is the only one inhabited. Its considered "the biggest natural world aquarium for animals ofthis species". The Fernando de Noronha archipelago is divided in twoconservation units: the National Marine Reserve and the EnvironmentalProtected Area.Each of these units has its own preservation rules, so as to harmonize useand environmental preservation with the sustainable development.
Central West Region This Region is right in the heart of Brazil, where Brazils national capital, Brasília, is situated. The Central- West is the most important area for agriculture in the country. Its the second largest region of Brazil, but has a low demographic density.With the move of the countrys federal capital from Rio de Janeiro toBrasília in the 60s, the construction of roads and railways to theinterior of the country made the accesses easier, speeding up thepopulation settling and contributing significantly to itsdevelopment.
Brasilia Brasilia is a world reference for urban planning. The locating ofresidential buildings around expansive urban areas, of building the cityaround large avenues and dividing it into sectors, has sparked a debateand reflection on life in big cities in the 20th century. The architectureand layout of the city is truly fascinating, and deserves a place on anyarchitect lovers list. Brazilian National Congress
The Metropolitan Cathedral of BrasiliaJK Bridge
Belo HorizonteBelo Horizonte is surrounded bymountains and built on rollinghills and is the 3rd largest city inBrazil. Belo Horizonte is thecapital of Minas Gerais state andis home to almost 2.4 millionpeople.
Ouro Preto Ouro Preto (Black Gold) is a famous historic city because it is well conserved and has a lot of attractions such that : museums, night parties and carnival. The city was called Gold‟s City because the Portuguese discovered that there was a lot of gold to be explored.
Pantanal Pantanal is one of the worlds largest freshwater wetlands.Millions of waterfowl breed along its rivers and lagoons. Densepopulations of exotic animals in its forests and grasslands. The Pantanal isa vast area, larger than Greece, and very sparsely populated. Most of theinhabitants of the Pantanal are remote native tribes or cattle ranchers, butthe regions‟ popularity as a tourist destination has surged in recent years. Pantanal‟s Post Card: Arara
Southeast Region Brazil begins to show its more urban side in the Southeast. It is the richest region of the country, responsible for approximately 60% of the Brazilian GDP. Southeast region concentrates the majority of the population, urban population, vehicles, industries, universities , airports, ports, highways, hospitals, school s, houses and many others.The largest city in Brazil, Sao Paulo, is located in this region, followedby Rio de Janeiro, well known by Marvelous City.
Sao PauloPaulista AvenueSao Paulos main street is one ofthe favorite spots for Paulistanos.Being a city landmark, PaulistaAvenue has all the shoppings andbrands from every corner of theworld.And you wont get bored atnighttime either, as you have everypossible nightclubimaginable, making Sao Paulo apremier destination after Rios.Also this avenue is the largestfinancial center in Latin America.There you will find national andinternational banks.
March 25th Street Today March 25th Street is the location of Latin Americas largest outdoor market. On March 25th Street you can find just about anything you may be looking for. There are over three thousand shops located in the 2,700 or so buildings in and around March 25th Street. These shops sell various products including electronics, shoes, clothing, j ewelry, furniture, toys, sungla sses, CDs, DVDs, and much more!
Municipal MarketThe Municipal Market of São Paulo (Mercado Municipal de São Paulo)also known as "Mercadão", in Downtown São Paulo, is an impressivebuilding in the neoclassical style, measuring over 22 thousand squaremeters in area, tastefully outfitted and boasting a collection of beautifulstained glass windows. The construction was begin in 1928 and ended in1932.
The Municipal Market is well attended by its delicious typical food, including a bologna sandwich and the famous pastel of cod. Also there are all kinds of fruits, meats, cheeses and wines. Pastel of CodBologna Sandwich
Ibirapuera Park (Portuguese: Parque do Ibirapuera) is a major urban parkin the city of São Paulo, Brazil. It has a large area for leisure, jogging andwalking, as well as a convention center. Its importance to São Paulo iscomparable to the Central Park in New York City.
Beaches in Sao Paulo UbatubaIts beaches are beloved for many Brazilians. It has 80 beaches over its 90 kilometers coast, from the exited and dynamic beaches of Itamambuca and Vermelha do Norte, frequented by sportsmen, with strong waves, until the free paradisiacal beaches ofLa Playa de la Hacienda, with calm waters.
Ilha BelaIlha Bela is the biggestisland in Brazil and oneof the mostvisited, maybe becauseit‟s near the two maincities in Brazil. It‟slocated 210 miles southof Rio de Janeiro and138 miles north of SãoPaulo. A paradise forpeople that like to beoutdoors. The island isideal for who want topractice aquatic sports.There are great 35 kmof beaches, and acoastal Atlantic rainforest.
Sao VicenteAs the most ancientBrazilianmunicipality, "CityMonument ofCountrysHistory", "Main Cell ofNationality", and dueto the condition ofbeing a touristic city ofSantos, havinghistorical and wateringplacecharacteristics, SaoVicente is includedamong the wateringresorts.
Santos PortThe Port of Santos is located in the city of Santos and is the biggest one inLatin America. The port works 24 hours 7 days in the week and imports andexports several products as well as coffee, orange juice, soybeans, cars, andothers.
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro ("River of January” in English) is the second largest city ofBrazil and South America, behind São Paulo, and the third largest metropolitanarea in South America, behind São Paulo and Buenos Aires. It is the state capitalof Rio de Janeiro. The city is nicknamed Cidade Maravilhosa, or "Marvelous City". It isalso famous for its natural settings, its Carnival celebrations, samba and othermusic, and hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana and Ipanema. Some of the most famous landmarks in addition to the beaches includethe giant statue of Christ, known as Christ the Redeemer (Cristo Redentor) atopCorcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World;Sugarloaf mountain (Pão de Açúcar) with its cable car.
Christ of Redeemer• Symbol of the city of Rio de Janeiro• One of the New Seven Wonders of the World,• The carioca, original from the city of Rio de Janeiro, postal card standing 38 meters high.• From its 38 meter of height, and 710 meters of the Corcovado Hill.
South Region Blond children with blue eyes and a strong regional accent make you wonder: Am I really in Brazil? This is the south. Since it was colonized mainly by German, Italian, and Polish immigrants, the facial features and cultural preferences of this regions inhabitants create a markedly European atmosphere. It has the highest standard of living in the country.The capital of Paraná state, Curitiba, has the largest population andalso the largest economy, and the capital of Rio Grande do Sul, PortoAlegre, has the largest metropolitan area.The south is also the coldest region of Brazil.
Curitiba Curitiba is a Brazilian urban success story: the city boastsexcellent health, education and public transport facilities. Thanks in partto the relative lack of traffic, it is a pleasure just strolling around dayor/and night - in safety. With its wide boulevards, parks and gardens ithas a reputation throughout Brazil as a pleasant place to live. Also, Curitiba is one of the three cleanest cities in all LatinAmerica.
Museum Oscar NiemeyerOpera de Arame (Opera House)
Praça do Japão (Japan Square)Curitiba‟s bus system.
Iguassu FallsIguassu Falls are waterfallsof the Iguassu River locatedon the border of theBrazilian state of Paraná andthe Argentine province ofMisiones. The falls dividethe river into the upper andlower Iguassu.The falls can be visited atany time of theyear, however the waterfallsare at their most impressivebetween the months ofDecember to March, whichis the rainy season.
Oktober Fest – Beer festivalIn October, the city ofBlumenau, one of the mostimportant cities in the State ofSanta Catarina, attracts enthusiastictourists from all over the countryand even abroad for theOktoberfest, a beer festival.Oktoberfest in Brazil is a greatintroduction to the countrysGerman heritage. Inspired in theOktoberfest in Munich, theOktoberfest in Brazil is now one ofthe worlds largest outsideGermany. And it is held in thespring, one of the best thingsabout it is the fact that you cantime
City of Blumenau Typical German dances arealso part of the celebration.
FlorianopolisFlorianopolis, or Floripa is one of the most safest place in the whole of Brazil. Ithas became the gateway for some of the greatest beaches in Brazil throughSanta Catarina. The northern part of this island can be quite busy and crowded.The whole island boasts some of the best surfing in Brazil and is also known forits great nightlife with crazy clubs and friendly people. There are 42 beachesaround the island each diverse and unique in it’s own way and all within a shortdistance from the downtown center.
Jurere InternationalClean waters, whitesands, easy access -about 20 minutes fromdowntown Florianópolis- are some of thereasons to visit Jurerê,on the northwest coastof Santa Catarina Island. Highest standard of living
Brazilian FoodBrazilian cooking history is in every bite of the countrys food. Native Indiansdeveloped corn porridge, cassava meal, sweet potatoes, many roots, hearts ofpalm, many species of game and fish, and the preservation of meats bysmoking and drying. Caipirinha Caipirinha is the national cocktail made with Cachaça (or vodka), sugar and key lime. Cachaça is Brazils most common distilled alcoholic beverage. It is a potent, delicious lime and sugar can drink - very refreshing for the tropics! Cafezinho Brazil is the worlds largest coffee producer and is becoming a significant player in the specialty coffee industry. The Brazilian Coffee is famous because is strong and and for its special taste.
FeijoadaFeijoada - the national dish ofBrazil, this Brazilian food will beserved to you whether youchose to eat in one of themany Brazil restaurants, or ifyou are more adventurous andchose to eat on the street.Feijoada is a deliciouscombination of rice, blackbeans and pork. The best timeto eat it is on a Sunday, as thisthe traditional time to eat this.
Brazilian BarbecueBrazilians were the first to raise cattlein South America. Churrasco(pronounced shoo-RAS-koo) orBrazilian barbecue was the traditionalstaple food of who lives in SouthBrazil or cowboys of Southern Brazilfor centuries before it spread to Riode Janeiro and São Paulo. It has become very fashionable and there are excellent steak house‟s or churrascarias (restaurants specializing in Brazilian barbecue) all over Brazil and around the world.
GuaranaWhat is guarana about? As far as were concerned, its mostly aboutBrazilian soda, and its flavor. Although we wont deny that taking guaranahas some effects similar to those you can expect after taking caffeine, it isthe exotic flavor that makes guarana sodas so interesting. The bestbrands deliver a fruity taste, arent overloaded with sugar, and have apleasant aftertaste.
Salgados are a wide group of snack foods that are mainly salty pastries, butcan also include things like chips and pretzels. At nearly everycafe, deli, and juice bar in most parts of Brazil, salgados are freshly madeand people eat them as snacks at any time of the day. Here are some of themost common ones you will find. Coxinha A tear-drop shaped fried pastry filled with chicken Pastel de carne/queijo: Meat/cheese pastriesThese look like Chinese food .The outsideis like a crunchy crackers you get withChinese delivery in the US, and the insideis ground meat or cheese.
CoconutThe water that there is inside of the coconut is a delicious drinkand is very good for treatment of dehydration. You can buy itanywhere in Brazil and pay no more than $1.
JuicesIn Brazil you can find all kinds ofnatural juices you can imagine . Brazilproduces the most exotic fruits in theworld .
Soccer We take soccer too serious! Ronaldo, the „phenomenal‟. He has receive the Player of the Year award 3 times.Ronaldinho has received the FIFA WorldPlayer of the Year award twice.
Pele is a retired Braziliansoccer player, rated by manyas the greatest soccer playerof all time. He was given thetitle of Athlete of theCentury by the InternationalOlympic Committee.