Learn about Alzheimer’s disease

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Learn about Alzheimer’s disease- what to look for, what you can do, and how you can reduce your risk of developing the disease by making healthier lifestyle changes!

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Learn about Alzheimer’s disease

  1. 1. Objectives1) Define Dementia and it’s symptoms2) Review the diagnostic process3) Learn about support services for persons with dementia and their families2
  2. 2. The impact of Alzheimer’s diseaseRon Petersen, MD, PhD, is Director of the Mayo Alzheimers Disease Research Center3
  3. 3. Typical changes  Typical age-related changes involve: • Making a bad decision once in a while • Missing an occasional monthly payment • Forgetting which day it is and remembering later • Sometimes forgetting which word to use • Losing things from time to time4
  4. 4. Problematic changes Joyce has a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease5
  5. 5. Problematic changes 1. Memory changes that disrupt daily life 2. Challenges in planning or solving problems 3. Difficulty completing familiar tasks 4. Confusion with time or place 5. Trouble with visual images and spatial relationships 6. New problems with words in speaking or writing 7. Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps 8. Decreased or poor judgment 9. Withdrawal from work or social activities 10. Changes in mood and personality6
  6. 6. What is dementia?7
  7. 7. Understanding dementia Dementia Reversible dementias Frontotemporal dementiaVascular dementia Lewy body disease Alzheimers disease8
  8. 8. Problematic changes Steve has a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia9
  9. 9. What is dementia?  Loss of cognitive functioning serious enough to interfere with daily functioning  Causes changes in: • Memory • Language • Thought • Navigation • Behavior • Personality/Mood • Planning and Organizing10
  10. 10. Irreversible types of dementia Causes of dementia in people over age 71  Alzheimers disease: the most common type  Over 70% of people with dementia have Alzheimer’s disease11
  11. 11. Mild Cognitive Impairment  Severe enough to show up on tests  Not severe enough to affect daily life  Increases risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease12
  12. 12. What is Alzheimer’s disease? Alzheimer’s disease:  is a brain disorder  is a progressive disease  is the most common form of dementia  has no cure  is eventually fatal  has been diagnosed in over 5 million Americans13
  13. 13. How the brain works There are 100 billion nerve cells, or neurons, creating a branching network Signals traveling through the neuron forest form memories, thoughts and feelings Alzheimer’s disease destroys neurons14
  14. 14. Which functions are affected? Language, sense of temperature, touch, pain Judgment, r Vision easoning Memory, language, hearing Basic functions, Movement, balance including breathing15
  15. 15. Brain functioning affects memory Kitty’s husband, Bill, has a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease16
  16. 16. Major risk factors  The primary risk factor is age Estimated percentage of Americans over age 71 with dementia  The incidence is higher in women due to women living longer  Down syndrome is correlated with Alzheimer’s  Family history can increase risk  There are two categories of genes17
  17. 17. Selecting a doctor  Doctors can diagnosis Alzheimer’s disease with accuracy  Choose from:  Regular primary care physician  Geriatrician  Neurologist  Psychiatrist  Neuropsychologist18
  18. 18. Preparing for the doctor’s visit  Keep a symptom log  Write a list of symptoms, be specific  Include when, how often and where  Develop the list with input from other family members  List current and previous health problems  Bring all medications (prescriptions, vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter medication)19
  19. 19. When the diagnosis is Alzheimer’s disease…20
  20. 20. Emotions run high shock guilt fear confusion grief worry anger acceptance relief denial21
  21. 21. Stages of Alzheimer’s disease  Early Stage  Middle Stage  Late Stage22
  22. 22. Plan early Monica Parker, MD, is a Geriatric Medicine specialist at Emory University23
  23. 23. Plan early  Be an active partner in your long-term care plan  Develop a relationship with your healthcare team  Get legal and financial issues in order  Grow a support system  Educate yourself about the disease24
  24. 24. Medications to treat symptoms Ron Petersen, MD, is Director of the Mayo Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center25
  25. 25. Clinical research studies  Clinical trials fuel progress toward treatments  Participants receive a high standard of care26
  26. 26. Programs and services  Educational programs for families and professionals  24-hour Helpline  Information and Referral  Care Consultations  Support Groups  Online Community  Safety Services27
  27. 27. Make a difference!28
  28. 28. Build your community Betsy’s husband, John, has a diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease29
  29. 29. Contact us!  When Alzheimer’s disease touches your life turn to us  Nationwide 24-hour Helpline  Whether you need information or just want to talk, call us at 1.800.272.3900  www.alz.org  Our award-winning Web site is a rich resource of evidence-based content30
  30. 30. Thank you31
  31. 31. This program is the property of the Alzheimers Association and its contents may be used only by its authorized training staff andlicensed representatives of the Association for presentations of “The Basics: Memory Loss, Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease:”. It may not be reproduced or used for any other purpose without the prior written consent of Alzheimers Association. © 2010 Alzheimers Association. All rights reserved.32

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