Intro to Screenprinting


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Intro to Screenprinting

  1. 1. Introduction toScreenprinting<br />Presented by: Keira Dooley<br />
  2. 2. What is Screenprinting?<br />Screenprinting involves "pushing" ink through a screen over a stencil. <br />It is also known as silkscreen, seriography, and serigraph.<br />
  3. 3. Anatomy of Screenprinting<br />Ink<br />Squeegee<br />Positive image on the screen<br />Negative space on the screen<br />Frame<br />The printed image on paper<br />
  4. 4. Screenprinting Methods<br />Stencil Techniques<br />Cut stencils - cutting the design from a non-porous material and attaching it to the bottom of the screen<br />Painted stencils - painting a negative image directly on the screen with a filler material <br />Photo Emulsion Technique<br />
  5. 5. Cut Stencils<br />The cut stencil method can be used with kraft paper, contact paper or acetate film. <br />The image is cut away from the stencil using an exacto knife.<br />
  6. 6. Positive vs. Negative Space<br />As we cut our stencils, we want to be mindful of the positive and negative space within our images.<br />The positive spaces that you cut out of the stencil will allow the screenprinting ink to pass through the screen to the paper.<br />Negative Space<br />Positive<br />Space<br />
  7. 7. Painted Stencils<br />Screen filler is handpainted onto the screen in the negative areas.<br />
  8. 8. Photo Emulsion Method<br />Photo emulsion is applied to the screen. Once dry, then the screen is exposed to bright light, thus “burning” the negative film image into the screen. <br />Photographic negatives or computer images are commonly used.<br /><br />
  9. 9. Photo Emulsion Exposure Unit<br />
  10. 10. Commercial Screenprinting<br />
  11. 11. Silkscreen Postersin History<br />
  12. 12. Propaganda Posters<br />World War 1 posters:(from left) U.K., USA and Russia.<br />
  13. 13. WPA Posters<br />Work Projects Administration (WPA) posters were produced in America between 1936 and 1943 in the District of Columbia and seventeen states. <br />The posters depict various programs and projects sponsored by the government.<br />
  14. 14. WPA Posters<br />
  15. 15. Silkscreen Posters in the Art World<br />
  16. 16. Andy Warhol<br />Andy Warhol was an American painter, printmaker, and filmmaker who was a leading figure in the visual art movement known as pop art. <br />
  17. 17. Roy Lichtenstein<br />Roy Lichtenstein was a prominent American pop artist. His work was heavily influenced by both popular advertising and the comic book style. <br />
  18. 18. John Baldessari<br />John Baldessari is an American conceptual artist. His work often attempts to point out irony in contemporary art theory and practices or reduce it to absurdity.<br />
  19. 19. Barbara Kruger<br />Barbara Kruger is an American conceptual artist. Much of her text questions the viewer about feminism, consumerism, and individual autonomy and desire, although her black-and-white images are culled from the mainstream magazines that sell the very ideas she is disputing.<br />
  20. 20. Barbara Kruger<br />
  21. 21. ShepardFairey<br />Frank ShepardFairey is an American contemporary artist, graphic designer, and illustrator who emerged from the skateboarding scene and is currently active in Cincinnati, Ohio.<br />He first became knownfor his "André the Giant Has a Posse" (OBEY) sticker campaign<br />
  22. 22. ShepardFairey<br />
  23. 23. Do It Yourself!<br />With a few simple guidelines, you can screenprint at home!<br />
  24. 24. 9 Basic Steps<br />Plan your image. Think about positive and negative space, as well as color and image size.<br />Cut the stencil. Draw then cut your image “read right” on the back of the contact paper.<br />Measure and tear your good paper and some newsprint paper.<br />Apply the stencil to the flat side of the screen.<br />Mix your inks. (use small amounts of colors when mixing.)<br />Prep the printing space. Clamp the screen tightly & tape a sheet of acetate to the table under the screen.<br />Print! (newsprint, acetate, good paper)<br />Sign, date and title your prints!<br />Clean up!<br />
  25. 25. ScreenprintingSuppliers<br />Art Supply Warehouse: (Westminster)<br />Blick Art Materials:<br />McLogan Supply Company: (Los Angeles, Anaheim, San Diego, Chatsworth)<br />
  26. 26. References<br />Library of Congress<br />Wikipedia<br />War posters<br />