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Learn the basics of web design from HTML to FTP.

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  1. 1. HTMLtoFTP<br />By: Keira Dooley<br />
  2. 2. Doctype<br />The doctype declaration should be the very first thing in an HTML document, before the <html> tag.<br />It is an instruction to the web browser about what version of the markup language the page is written in.<br /><br />
  3. 3. XHTML Transitional<br /><!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"<br />""><br />HTML 4<br />XML<br />1<br />XHTML<br />
  4. 4. HTML is Easy!<br />It’s got a HEAD and a BODY.<br /> <html> <head> <title>Welcome to my web site!</title> </head> <body> Read my content ! ! !<br /> </body></html><br />
  5. 5. <html><br />The <html> tag tells the browser that this is an HTML document.<br />
  6. 6. <head><br />doctype<br />keywords<br />page title<br />The head element contains the “brains” of the webpage:<br />doctype<br />page title<br />meta data, like keywords & page description.<br />
  7. 7. <body><br />The body element contains all the contents of an HTML document, such as text, hyperlinks, images, tables, lists, etc.<br />text<br />
  8. 8. Semantic Structure<br />Assistive technologies allow users to navigate between sections of information if structure is used.<br />Structured content is beneficial for sighted users as well.<br />
  9. 9. <h1> = Heading<br />The <h1> to <h6> tags are used to define HTML headings<br /><h1> defines the largest heading and <h6> defines the smallest heading.<br />Important! Headings should be used to determine hierarchical content structure, NOT to make text larger and bolder.<br />
  10. 10. How “AT” Reads Headings<br />Assistive technology (AT) devices allow users to navigate through a webpage using the various headings as "bookmarks" to jump from section to section. <br />
  11. 11. A Good Example of Semantic Structure<br />GOOD!<br /><h1>Page Topic</h1><br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h2> Sub Topic<br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h3> Sub-Sub Topic<br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h2> Sub Topic<br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br />Note: Use only one “Heading 1 <h1> ” per page.<br />
  12. 12. A Bad Example of Semantic Structure<br /><h2>Page Topic</h2><br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h1>Topic</h1><br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h3>Topic</h3><br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br /><h2>Sub Topic</h2><br />Content about this topic resides in this paragraph.<br />Note: Headings should be used in order to present information in a logical way to all users.<br />
  13. 13. <ol> = Ordered Lists<br />Code View:<ol> <li>list item</li> <li>list item</li> <li>list item</li></ol><br />Tip: Change list type by using <ol type=“A”> or <ol type=“a”><br />Live View:<br />List item<br />List item<br />List item<br />
  14. 14. <ul> = Unordered Lists<br />Code View:<ul> <li>list item</li> <li>list item</li> <li>list item</li></ul><br />Tip: Change list type by using <ul type=“square”> or <ul type=“circle”><br />Live View:<br /><ul><li>List item
  15. 15. List item
  16. 16. List item</li></li></ul><li><p> = Paragraph<br />The <p> tag defines a paragraph.<br />The p element automatically creates some space before and after itself. This space can be adjusted later with some formatting.<br />
  17. 17. <br /> = Break<br />The <br> tag inserts a single line break. <br />An HTML break is the <br> tag.<br />An XHTML break is the <br /> tag, which is properly closed.<br />Note: Use the break tag to insert line breaks, not to create paragraphs.<br />
  18. 18. Images<br />Image tag<imgsrc=“”><br />Your website<br />
  19. 19. Data Tables vs. Layout Tables<br />Data tables can be accessible!<br />Layout tables should be replaced with more accessible layout techniques, like CSS.<br />
  20. 20. Tables<br />Tables<table> <tr> (table row> <td> (table column) </td> </tr></table><br />
  21. 21. Web Editors<br />There are two types of programs that can be used to design basic web sites:<br />WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get.“Drag and drop” web design program. (ie: DreamWeaver, Microsoft Frontpage)<br />HTML Text Editor: You write the code. [ie: UltraEdit, Notepad/Windows, Simpletext/MAC]<br />
  22. 22. FTP (File Transport Protocol)<br />FTP is a way of transferring your website’s files to and from your computer and the web server<br />Your computer<br />WWW<br />FTP<br />
  23. 23. FTP Programs <br />Filezilla – Used in class<br />CuteFTP<br />WSFTP<br />
  24. 24. FTP Settings for CSULB<br />
  25. 25. Web Design Rules to Remember<br />Design your site to accommodate a 1024 x 768 pixel layout<br />Use a standard web font families<br />Use a browser-safe palette when possible<br />Save graphics at 72 dpi (dots per inch)<br />
  26. 26. References<br />W3 Schools: Tags Ordered by Function:<br />WebAIM:<br />