Reconstruction

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1/22-23

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Reconstruction

  1. 1. Reconstruction
  2. 2. Reconstruction? <ul><li>The reunification and rebuilding of the South in the years following the Civil War </li></ul>
  3. 3. Victorious North <ul><li>Faced economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>800,000 returning soldiers needed jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Huge loss of lives </li></ul><ul><li>Farms and cities were barely touched by war </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defeated South <ul><li>Houses, barns, and bridges destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>War wrecked the South’s financial system </li></ul><ul><li>4 million “freedmen” </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Freedmen’s Bureau <ul><li>Government agency to help former slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Offered food and clothing to former slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted them getting a job </li></ul><ul><li>Set up schools and taught them important skills </li></ul>
  6. 6. Andrew Johnson <ul><li>Vice President under Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Sworn in after Lincoln’s assassination </li></ul>
  7. 7. Johnson's Plan <ul><li>Majority of voters in Southern states had to pledge their loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>13 th Amendment: Ended slavery in throughout the nation </li></ul>
  8. 8. Black Codes <ul><li>Laws severely limited the rights of freedmen </li></ul><ul><li>Forbade freedmen to vote, own guns and property </li></ul><ul><li>Radicals said Johnson was not doing enough for reconstruction </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rise of the Radicals <ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1. Break the power of wealthy planters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2. Ensure freedmen received the right to vote </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Resistance <ul><li>Wealthy, white southerners resisted reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan- opposed giving power to blacks </li></ul><ul><li>Klan members murdered hundreds of blacks and their white supporters </li></ul>
  11. 11. K K K
  12. 12. Cycle of Poverty <ul><li>“Nothing but freedom” </li></ul><ul><li>Some former slaves were able to become landowners </li></ul><ul><li>Many became sharecroppers and made just enough to feed themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Still slavery??? </li></ul>

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