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Recent developments in the Kew Grasses Databases

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Recent developments in the Kew Grasses Databases

  1. 1. Recent Developments in Kew’s Grass Databases Kehan T. Harman Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK [email_address] A Celebration of Grasses
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What the databases contain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonymy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What you can do with the databases </li></ul><ul><li>Future Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Help us improve them </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>Driving force </li></ul><ul><ul><li>W.D. Clayton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool to make a taxonomist’s job easier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floras </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revisions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Descriptions <ul><li>DEscriptive Language for TAxonomy (DELTA) </li></ul><ul><li>Character set developed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>open ended database for grass species descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>broad experience of Floras </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>additional characters added </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1,090 Characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Descriptions coded </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Floral Treatments, monographs, original descriptions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbarium specimens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>*SHOW World Grass Species - items. </li></ul><ul><li>*ITEM DESCRIPTIONS </li></ul><ul><li># Aciachne acicularis/ </li></ul><ul><li>1,2 4,2 33,1-3 58,3 140,1 141,0.7 161,1 163,3 165,0.4-1 166,0.3-0.4 170,1 </li></ul><ul><li>180,3 182,3 195,3 198,1 206,3 207,2 229,4 230,1-3 232,2 390,1 518,1 519,1 </li></ul><ul><li>520,1 521,2 522,2 527,2 531,4-4.6 534,3 539,1 576,1 579,1 590,1 591,1 593,1 </li></ul><ul><li>594,2 597,6 601,1.8-2.2 602,1 604,7 611,1 619,3-5 648,3 655,6 660,1.8-2.2 </li></ul><ul><li>661,0.5 664,7 671,1 676,3-5 699,3 797,4 802,2 806,4-4.6 808,7 813,2 816,1 </li></ul><ul><li>821,3 822,1 852,4 853,2 865,10 921,6 923,2 924,1 985,4 989,1 990,1 995,3 </li></ul><ul><li>1008,2 1018,1 1034,1 1071,8 1079,1&4&6 1082,37 1085<Fl Meso-Am 1995> </li></ul><ul><li>1090<imp00000> </li></ul><ul><li># Aciachne flagellifera/ </li></ul><ul><li>1,2 4,2 33,1-3 58,3 140,1 141,0.7 157,2/3 161,1 163,3 165,0.4-1 166,0.3-0.4 </li></ul><ul><li>170,1 195,3 198,1 206,3 207,2 208,8<1-1.5mm,flexuous> 209,5 229,4 230,1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>232,2 390,1 518,1 519,1 520,1 521,2 522,2 527,2 531,4-4.6 534,3 539,1 576,1 </li></ul><ul><li>579,1 590,1 591,1 593,1 594,2 597,6 601,1.8-2.2 602,1 604,7 611,1 619,3-5 </li></ul><ul><li>648,3 655,6 660,1.8-2.2 661,0.5 664,7 671,1 676,3-5 699,3 797,4 802,2 </li></ul><ul><li>806,4-4.6 808,7 813,2 816,1 821,3 822,1 852,4 853,2 865,10 921,6 923,2 924,1 </li></ul><ul><li>985,4 989,1 990,1 995,3 1008,2 1018,1 1034,1 1071,8 1079,4 1082,37 </li></ul><ul><li>1085<Laegaard 1999> 1087<lateral pulvini at base of leaf-blade </li></ul><ul><li>inconspicuous> 1090<imp00001> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Synonymy <ul><li>Index Kewensis / IPNI ( www.ipni.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>Literature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxonomic status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution (TDWG Level 2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Type specimens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>etc </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. History <ul><li>Both databases were downloadable from the Kew website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little documentation available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not updated for 2 years </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Descriptions <ul><li>INTKEY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Query data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complex for the uninitiated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptions difficult to read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced querying complex </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Synonymy <ul><li>MS Access Database </li></ul><ul><li>Reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepted Names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not linked to descriptions </li></ul><ul><li>Not web accessible </li></ul>
  9. 9. Changes – Descriptions <ul><li>Major overhaul of website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Species descriptions in Webpage Format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10,800 Descriptions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Species index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search page </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Changes – Descriptions <ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Introduction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Character List </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Details of how to contribute </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DELTA utilities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How to use Intkey </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Changes – Descriptions <ul><li>Update of Interactive Key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional links to documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Glossary of terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rich Text Descriptions </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Changes – Synonymy <ul><li>Link to Descriptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New queries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists of species </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genus within an Area </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unidentified (HELP!) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What you can do <ul><li>Descriptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirm species identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>does your specimen match the description </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use descriptions for further taxonomic work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Writing Floras </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data analysis </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Interactive Key <ul><li>Identify Species </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for differences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate a taxon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search online databases </li></ul><ul><li>Key Writing </li></ul>
  15. 15. Raw Data <ul><li>Phylogenetic Analysis / Distance Matrices </li></ul><ul><li>Morphometrics </li></ul><ul><li>Supertree analyses </li></ul><ul><li>EvoDevo </li></ul><ul><li>The sky’s the limit </li></ul>Flagellariaceae Ecdeiovoleaceae Anarthriaceae Hopkinsia/Lyginia Austral Restioids Centrolepidaceae Elegia Joinvilleaceae Bambusa Oryza Centotheceae Pennisetum Phragmites Neurachne Andropogoninae Zea Eragrostis Danthonia Nardus Aegilops Avena
  16. 16. Synonymy <ul><li>Find the accepted name and citation for (almost) all grass species </li></ul><ul><li>Produce various lists of species </li></ul><ul><li>Links to Descriptions </li></ul>
  17. 17. Planned Changes <ul><li>Descriptions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generic descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution maps from Synonymy database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve Geography </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve quality of existing descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Help! </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Start gathering illustrations for species </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Planned Changes <ul><li>Interactive Key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustrated character set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based key </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Planned Changes <ul><li>Synonymy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop web pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incorporation into the Monocot Checklist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online Database </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Synonyms / Taxonomic Status </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Checklist production </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Summary <ul><li>New </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Link from Synonymy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Updated </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonymy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Key </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhanced descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonymy on web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monocot Checklist </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web based identification system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Thank you for coming! <ul><li>Write this down  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptions Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.kew.org/data/grasses-db.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synonymy Database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.kew.org/data/grasses-syn.html </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grasses at Kew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.kew.org/scihort/poaceae </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Demonstration tomorrow during the poster session!!! </li></ul>

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