A Comparison of Interactive  Key Software <ul><ul><li>Kehan Harman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbarium, Kew </li></ul></u...
Summary <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Interactive Key </li></ul><ul><li>Delta & Lucid </li></ul><ul><li>...
Other types of keys
Introduction <ul><li>Why Keys? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>over 200 years old </li...
Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Conventional/Binary Keys with interactive enhancements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia ...
Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Multi-Access Keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matrix based key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allo...
Multi Access Keys <ul><li>Additional Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Best Character' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different ...
Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Rule Based Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emulate how a taxonomist recognises taxa </li><...
Rule Based Systems <ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Datasets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad with Patterns </l...
Requirements for Interactive Keys <ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to build </li></ul><ul><li>Take both categori...
Requirements cont... <ul><li>Easy to share data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other purposes...
Data Formats <ul><li>Building keys takes a lot of effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both paper and interactive </li></ul></ul><...
Data Formats <ul><li>Standard Data Formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE scriptive  L angu...
Delta and Lucid <ul><li>Stand Alone Player </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul...
Delta and Lucid <ul><li>Both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Best Character' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups/Sets </li></ul></ul>...
Differences <ul><li>Delta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Support / Development Withdrawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tran...
Other Tools <ul><li>Applets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navikey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xper2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web brow...
 
Other Tools <ul><li>Server based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ActKey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X:ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Recent Developments <ul><li>SDD based keys </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Field Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applet </li></ul...
IdentifyLife Project <ul><li>GenBank for interactive keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools...
The Next Steps
Summary <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements for interactive keys </li></ul><ul><li>Data Formats </li></ul><ul><...
References <ul><li>Brach, A. R. & H. Song. 2005. ActKey: a Web-based interactive identification key program. Taxon 54(4): ...
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A Comparison of Interactive Key Software

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Presentation given by Kehan Harman at the KikForum.
Abstract:
While there are two key players in the current interactive key playing field, namely Delta/Intkey and Lucid, there are a myriad of other tools available for users to choose from depending on their needs. While Lucid and Intkey will cover most peoples needs there are a number of factors that need to be taken into account when choosing the right tool for the job.

In this talk I will try to introduce the principals behind interactive keys and the different methods that are available. I will cover Lucid and Delta/Intkey in some depth. I will then cover a number of the other interactive key tools available out there and will finish off with some recent developments and promising tools that are coming available including the IdentifyLife project.

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  • Very Excellent, Many thanks for this but how I can Get it?



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  • Excellent. You've shown your credibility on presentation with this slideshow. This one deserves thumbs up. I'm John, owner of www.freeringtones.ws/ . Perhaps I'll get to see more quality slides from you.

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  • As a management instructor I appreciate viewing the work of others. This is one of the best presentation on planning I've viewed.

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  • A Comparison of Interactive Key Software

    1. 1. A Comparison of Interactive Key Software <ul><ul><li>Kehan Harman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbarium, Kew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Summary <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Interactive Key </li></ul><ul><li>Delta & Lucid </li></ul><ul><li>Other tools </li></ul><ul><li>Recent Developments </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Skies </li></ul>Ken McCown
    3. 3. Other types of keys
    4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Why Keys? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnostic Key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>over 200 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integral Part of Taxonomic Literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extremely useful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gateway for the uninitiated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'Paper' Keys </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Conventional/Binary Keys with interactive enhancements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyperlinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Follow 'both leads' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Similar to paper based keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only one solution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unknown/Missing characters </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Multi-Access Keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matrix based key </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows user to start anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Error Tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncertainty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Numeric characters used directly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Not divided into a range of characters </li></ul></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Multi Access Keys <ul><li>Additional Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Best Character' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different Modes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Differences & Similarities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Query Data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingency Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If-Then </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Variable taxa </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can't guide users around common pitfalls </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Types of Interactive Keys <ul><li>Rule Based Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emulate how a taxonomist recognises taxa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'Teach' the computer a number of rules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial Neural Networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In practice have to be trained with a large data matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Matrix difficult for humans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>recognise overall patterns </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Rule Based Systems <ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large Datasets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad with Patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generally best to allow computer to do searching through matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Rule based systems not broadly implemented </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical diagnostics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>is it this disease or not </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not good when many options to choose from </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Requirements for Interactive Keys <ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to build </li></ul><ul><li>Take both categorical and numeric data </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with errors </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with misinterpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with contingency </li></ul><ul><li>Support multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Work on multiple platforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(But does it work on a Mac/PDA etc?) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Requirements cont... <ul><li>Easy to share data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other keys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cladistic/Multivariate analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnostic descriptions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Help the user to make informed choices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Best Character' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differences/Similarities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“I know it's Rube, but I don't know which genus” </li></ul>
    12. 12. Data Formats <ul><li>Building keys takes a lot of effort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both paper and interactive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Great to be able to interchange data </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Descriptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classification/Cladistics </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Data Formats <ul><li>Standard Data Formats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DE scriptive L anguage for TA xonomy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEXUS – PAUP etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>XML based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lucid/LIF </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SDD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Kid on the Block </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Delta and Lucid <ul><li>Stand Alone Player </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lucid 3 has applet player </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Mature Software </li></ul><ul><li>Download data matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Four pane screen </li></ul>
    15. 15. Delta and Lucid <ul><li>Both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>'Best Character' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Groups/Sets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg Vegetative Characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Families/Genera </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read Delta Format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lucid loses notes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help with Interpretation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Images </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notes </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Differences <ul><li>Delta </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial Support / Development Withdrawn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translation into Natural Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other data analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lucid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Misinterpreted Characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bingo! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taxa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Keys </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SDD </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Other Tools <ul><li>Applets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Navikey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Xper2 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web browser based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SLIKS </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. Other Tools <ul><li>Server based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ActKey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>X:ID </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Builder also web based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will run Lucid/LIF keys </li></ul></ul></ul>
    19. 20. Recent Developments <ul><li>SDD based keys </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic Field Guide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Browser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'paper' </li></ul></ul>© Apple
    20. 21. IdentifyLife Project <ul><li>GenBank for interactive keys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools for combining data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build keys 'online' </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mash keys together with other data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eg checklists </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>generate new keys on the fly </li></ul></ul></ul>
    21. 22. The Next Steps
    22. 23. Summary <ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements for interactive keys </li></ul><ul><li>Data Formats </li></ul><ul><li>Intkey & Lucid </li></ul><ul><li>Other implementations </li></ul><ul><li>Technological and practical solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>nobody wants to lug a PC around </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>nobody wants to lug the whole FTEA around </li></ul></ul>
    23. 24. References <ul><li>Brach, A. R. & H. Song. 2005. ActKey: a Web-based interactive identification key program. Taxon 54(4): 1041-1046. </li></ul><ul><li>Dallwitz, M.J., Paine, T.A. and Zurcher, E.J. 2000 onwards. Principles of interactive keys . http://delta-intkey.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.identifylife.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://lucidcentral.org </li></ul><ul><li>Scher, J. Cut Flower Exports of Africa, Lucid v. 3.3, last updated April 18, 2006, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC and USDA/APHIS/PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, Raleigh, NC. </li></ul><ul><li>Winterton, S.L. Accessed Dec 2006. Aquarium and Pond Plants of the World in X:ID. http://names.ubio.org/xid/index.php </li></ul><ul><li>Thanks! </li></ul>

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