Violence is defined by the World Health
Organization as the intentional use of
physical force or power, threatened or
actu...
Direct violence: The most visual form,
hurting people physically by war, beating
people, abuse, mobbing, etc. It can
eithe...
Cultural violence makes direct and structural
violence look or feel "right," or at least not wrong,
according to Galtung ....
Self-directed violence:
Self-directed violence is subdivided into
suicidal behavior and self-abuse
Interpersonal violence:...
• The first level identifies biological and
personal factors that influence how individuals
behave and increase their like...
•Developing safe, stable and nurturing
relationships between children and their
parents and caregivers.
•Developing life s...
T E R R O R I S M
•“The systematic use of terror (such as
bombings, killings, and kidnappings) as
a means of forcing some political
objectiv...
Is an unlawful act of violence
Intimidates governments or
societies
Goal is to achieve political,
religious or ideologi...
Ethnic Cleansing
Damage Infrastructure
Disrupt Normal Life
Direct Kill of an Enemy
Undermine Confidence In
Government
~Fertilizer Bombs
~Dynamite
~Semtex
~Automatic and Semi-automatic
Pistols remain the weapons of
choice.
~American Stinger
...
Terrorism is different from regular crime
because of its strong political properties
The definition of terrorism can var...
Primary prevention:
Education!!!
Understand the differences in
cultures, religions, beliefs and
human behaviors
Think o...
Establish surveillance and monitoring
system on terrorism attack.
Improve protective system for citizens
Tertiary preven...
•Firearms
•Explosive and Incendiary
Devices
•Chemical Agents
•Biological Agents
•Nuclear Weapon
•Chemical agents kill or incapacitate people,
destroy livestock or ravage crops
•Some agents are odorless and tasteless
•T...
•Dispersal of microbes or their toxins
to produce illness, death and terror
•The paths of infection can be
contaminated wa...
•Spreading of radioactive materials through
ventilation system or explosion
•Disable nuclear reactor cooling system
and ca...
•Terrorism is unlawful act
•Terrorism has a long history of being used to
achieve political, religious and ideological
obj...
preventation of violence & terrorism
preventation of violence & terrorism
preventation of violence & terrorism
preventation of violence & terrorism
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preventation of violence & terrorism

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preventation of violence & terrorism

  1. 1. Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against a person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm or deprivation.
  2. 2. Direct violence: The most visual form, hurting people physically by war, beating people, abuse, mobbing, etc. It can either be experienced yourself or seen on the street but it can as well be ‗transmitted‘ by movies, games, etc.
  3. 3. Cultural violence makes direct and structural violence look or feel "right," or at least not wrong, according to Galtung . The study of cultural violence highlights the way in which the act of direct violence and the fact of structural violence are legitimized and thus made acceptable in society. One mechanism of cultural violence is to change the "moral colour" of an act from "red/wrong" to "green/right," or at least to
  4. 4. Self-directed violence: Self-directed violence is subdivided into suicidal behavior and self-abuse Interpersonal violence: Interpersonal violence is divided into two subcategories: Family and intimate partner violence – that is, violence largely between family members and intimate partners Collective violence: Collective violence is subdivided into social, political and economic violence
  5. 5. • The first level identifies biological and personal factors that influence how individuals behave and increase their likelihood of becoming a victim or perpetrator of violence. • The second level focuses on close relationships, such as those with family and friends. • The third level explores the community context—i.e., schools, workplaces, and neighbourhood . • The fourth level looks at the broad societal factors that help to create a climate in which
  6. 6. •Developing safe, stable and nurturing relationships between children and their parents and caregivers. •Developing life skills in children and adolescents •Reducing the availability and harmful use of alcohol •Reducing access to guns •Promoting gender equality and challenging gender norms and roles to prevent violence against women •Changing cultural and social norms that support violence
  7. 7. T E R R O R I S M
  8. 8. •“The systematic use of terror (such as bombings, killings, and kidnappings) as a means of forcing some political objective. •It many be part of an overall effort to effect desired political change.”
  9. 9. Is an unlawful act of violence Intimidates governments or societies Goal is to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives
  10. 10. Ethnic Cleansing Damage Infrastructure Disrupt Normal Life Direct Kill of an Enemy Undermine Confidence In Government
  11. 11. ~Fertilizer Bombs ~Dynamite ~Semtex ~Automatic and Semi-automatic Pistols remain the weapons of choice. ~American Stinger ~Russian SA-7 Hand-Held Anti- Aircraft missiles ~US Army Light Anti-tank Weapon (LAW)
  12. 12. Terrorism is different from regular crime because of its strong political properties The definition of terrorism can vary from people to people due to the differences in standpoint One person‘s terrorist can be another‘s fighter
  13. 13. Primary prevention: Education!!! Understand the differences in cultures, religions, beliefs and human behaviors Think of the peace, freedom and equality of all human beings, not just ―my group of people‖ Eliminate the root of terrorism
  14. 14. Establish surveillance and monitoring system on terrorism attack. Improve protective system for citizens Tertiary prevention: Early detection of the sources Prevent the extension of impairments Rescue the survivors Console the rest of the population
  15. 15. •Firearms •Explosive and Incendiary Devices •Chemical Agents •Biological Agents •Nuclear Weapon
  16. 16. •Chemical agents kill or incapacitate people, destroy livestock or ravage crops •Some agents are odorless and tasteless •They can have an immediate or a delayed effect
  17. 17. •Dispersal of microbes or their toxins to produce illness, death and terror •The paths of infection can be contaminated water, food, air and packages. •Microbes Bacteria Viruses Toxins
  18. 18. •Spreading of radioactive materials through ventilation system or explosion •Disable nuclear reactor cooling system and cause leakage of radioactive materials •Detonate a nuclear weapon •No use of nuclear material for non-military terrorism has ever occurred
  19. 19. •Terrorism is unlawful act •Terrorism has a long history of being used to achieve political, religious and ideological objectives •Terrorism can be conducted through firearms, explosive devices and biological, chemical, nuclear materials •Even through the events of 2001,the risk of dying from terrorism has remained much lower than that from motor vehicles, smoking, and alcoholic beverage.

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