Magna Carta• It was written on June 15 1215 in England• It reduced the power he held as king of England by creating a rule of law.• It was a form of rule of law because it made the law above the king therefore making the king have limited power.
Glorious Revolution• The event occurred on 1688 in England.• William III took over after this event.• The Magna Carta was the document that change the power of kings forever.
The English Bill of Rights• The bill of rights was written in 1689.• It gave more rights and freedom to the people, it also took a lot of power away from the king or queen and made it a constitutional monarchy.
The Enlightenment• The Enlightenment promoted the power of reason to change society and widen peoples knowledge, It was also called the Age of Reason. People began to question the Church and the Monarchy and wanted to know what the world was about and its freedom without having to listen to a Monarchy or the Church.• It spanned from the 1700s to the 1800s• It was important because it gave reason to the public and it made them believe that they didn’t need to listen to the church just because they said it was true.
Charles-Louis Montesquieu• He was born in Bordeaux, France, in 1689 to a wealthy family• Montesquieu is best known for his work titled The Spirit of Laws. In this work, he said that when one person possesses all the power, they become a tyrant.
John Locke• He was born on August 29, 1632, in Warington, a village in Somerset, England.• (1632-1704)• Natural rights are the right that we are born with, nothing and no one can take them away from us.
Jean Jacques Rousseau• He was born on June 28, 1712 in Geneva, Switzerland.• (1712-1778)• The social contract is a concept that human beings made an agreement, where the government and the people have special roles and responsibilities in the government.
Thomas Jefferson • Jefferson was born at Shadwell in what is now Albemarle County, Va., on Apr. 13, 1743. • He is famous for writing the ﬁrst draft of the declaration of Independence. • Thomas Jefferson thought property was too speciﬁc and that it wouldnt be able to hold as much meaning as something more general like “pursuit of happiness”.