Leonardo da vinci


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Leonardo da vinci

  1. 1. Leonardo da Vinci Present by Group 6 School of science , Mea Fah Luang University
  2. 2. Content•Life•Relationships andinfluences•Painting•Observation and invention
  3. 3. LifeLeonardo da Vinci
  4. 4. „ Childhood,1452-1466 He was born on 15 April 1452 at Tuscany,Vinci Italy. He was the out of wedlock son of the wealthy Messer Piero Fruosino di1466 moved to Antonio da Vinci, a Florence The Uffizi, Florencewhere he began an Florentine legalapprenticeship in the and his mom notary,workshop of Verrocchio.peasant. Caterina, a
  5. 5. „ Verrocchios workshop, 1466‟1476 Leonardo would have been exposed to both theoretical training and a vast range of 1472-1475 Leonardo technical skills as well as the collaborated with artistic skills. Verrocchio on his In 1472 Leonardo Baptism of Christ, qualified as a master in the Guild The Uffizi, Florence of St Luke, the guild of artists and doctors of
  6. 6. Professional life, 1476‟1513 In 1478he left Verrocchios studio In January 1478, he paint analtarpiece for the Chapel of St.Bernard in the PalazzoVecchio and, in March 1481, TheAdoration of the Magi for theMonks of San Donato aScopeto .The second The Uffizi, Florence beinginterrupted when Leonardo wentto Milan.
  7. 7. „ In 1482, Lorenzo de Medici sent Leonardo to Milan, bearing the lyre as a gift, to secure peace with Ludovico il Moro, Duke of Milan. At this time Leonardo wrote an often-quoted letter describing the many marvelous and diverse things about army The Uffizi, Florence weapon.
  8. 8. • Leonardo worked in Milan from 1482 until 1499. He was commissioned to paint the Virgin of the Rocks for the Confraternity of the and The Last Immaculate Supper for the Conception monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie
  9. 9. 1492, Gran CavalloIn 1494, Ludovico gave the bronze to be used for cannon to defend theIn 1499,after Secondby city from invasion Italian War he fled French armyMilan for Venice where he wasemployed as a military architect andengineer, devising toIn 1500, he return methods to defend thecity fromand doattack by Turkey.Florence naval a picture1504, his father diedname Mona lisa1508, go to Milan living in his ownhouse in Porta Orientale in theparish of Santa Babila.
  10. 10. Old age, 1513‟1519 From September 1513 to1516, Leonardo spent much of his timeliving in the Belvedere(a building thatbuild to have a great view)in the Vaticanin Rome,Leonardo died at Clos Luce, on May 2,1519.Clos Luce in France,where Leonardodied in 1519
  11. 11. Relationships and influences Leonardo da Vinci
  12. 12. oIn 1466, Leonardos familymoved to the Florence in Italy.When Leonardo was 18 years old,he commenced his apprenticeshipwith Verrocchio. The Uffizi, Florence
  13. 13. oMasaccio whose figurativefrescoes, Leonardo was influencedby the realism and emotion ofMasaccios works.oDepicting the naked anddistraught Adam and Eve byMasaccio, created using of lightand shade which was to bedeveloped in the works ofLeonardo, particularly John theBaptist. The Uffizi, Florence
  14. 14. o Lorenzo Ghiberti, the creatorof the monumental Gates ofParadise. Leonardo was veryimpressed, as well asinfluenced, by his combinationof detailed architecturalbackgrounds and complexfigure compositions. The Uffizi, Florence
  15. 15. oRaphael, one of the most famousItalian artists, he worked closelywith Leonardo Da Vinci. Asopposed to copying theunimportant aspects ofLeonardos style, Raphaelincorporated key details of DaVincis style and used them todevelop his own unique andfamous creations. The Uffizi, Florence
  16. 16. oMichaelangelo, another ofItalys most famous. Alsohaving worked closely withDa Vinci, his teachings areless reflected in paintings asthey are in the intricatesculptures thatMichaelangelo is known for.Upon learning with Da Vinci. The Uffizi, Florence
  17. 17. Personal life„ Within Leonardos lifetime, his extraordinary powers of invention, his "outstanding physical beauty", "infinite grace", "great strength and generosity", "regal spirit and tremendous breadth of mind" as described by Vasari, as well as all other aspects of his life, attracted the curiosity of others.„ Leonardo had many friends who are now renowned either in their fields or for their The Uffizi, Florence historical significance.„ Beyond friendship, Leonardo kept his private life secret. Leonardos most intimate
  18. 18. Assistants and pupils„ Gian Giacomo Caprotti da Oreno, nicknamed Salai or Il Salaino entered Leonardos household in 1490. Salai executed a number of paintings under the name of Andrea Salai, but although Vasari claims that Leonardo "taught him a great deal The Uffizi, Florence about painting", his work is generally considered to be of less artistic merit than others among Leonardos
  19. 19. Assistants and pupils„ Count Francesco Melzi: In 1506, Count Francesco Melzi, the son of a Lombard aristocrat, who is considered to have been his favourite student. Melzi inherited the artistic The Uffizi, Florence and scientific works, manuscripts, and
  20. 20. PaintingLeonardo da Vinci
  21. 21. - Despite the recent awareness and admiration of Leonardo as a scientist and inventor- These paintings are famous for a variety of qualities which have been much The Uffizi, Florence imitated by students and discussed at great length by
  22. 22. „ Early works - Leonardos early works begin with the Baptism of Christ painted in conjunction with Verrocchio. The Uffizi, Florence Two other paintings appear to date
  23. 23. „ Paintings of the 1480s - In the 1480s Leonardo received two very important commissions and The Uffizi, Florence commenced another work
  24. 24. „ Paintings of the 1490s - Leonardos most famous painting of the 1490s is The Last Supper, painted for the refectory of the Convent of Santa Maria della Grazie in Milan.„ Paintings of the 1500s - Among the works created by The Uffizi, Florence Leonardo in the 16th century is the small portrait known as the Mona Lisa or "la
  25. 25. „ Drawings - Leonardo was not a prolific painter, but he was a most prolific draftsman, keeping journals full of small sketches and detailed drawings recording all manner of things that took his attention. The Uffizi, Florence
  26. 26. Leonardo da Vinci, his painting technique.(레오나르도 다 빈치 painting 기법) Fresco – a picture painted on a wall usually while the plaster The Uffizi, Florence is still wet.
  27. 27. painting style and result because of it.„ The traditional wall painting style is to paint once more on the wall before the plaster is dried„ Used the dyes mixed oil paint with tempera The Uffizi, Florence„ it caused the painting to be
  28. 28. The last supper„ It was painted by Fresco on the w all of the old city of Jerusalem by Leonardo da Vinci when he live d in Mlian around 1495.„ He expressed the anecdote that J esus Christ was seated with his di sciples to celebrateThe Uffizi, Florence the Passover and he said “one of you will betr ay me”
  29. 29. „ In the paint, he expressed his the me by using very special method which he described that someone would betray the Christ and the reaction from the disciples after they heard the news.„ Also Jesus Christ was still while the disciples were debating who The Uffizi, Florence would be the betrayer.„ There was a reason why Leonard o da Vinci portrayed like this con
  30. 30. Observation and invention Leonardo da Vinci
  31. 31. Journals and notes„ Leonardo studies in science and engineering are as impressive and innovative as his artistic work.„ Leonardos writings are mostly in mirror-image cursive.„ There are compositions for The Uffizi, Florence paintings, studies of details , faces , emotions and etc.
  32. 32. Windsor Castle It is a medieval castle and royal residence in England. The original castle was built after the Norman invasion by William the Conqueror. The Uffizi, Florence
  33. 33. Musee du Louvre It is one of the worlds largest museums, the most visited art museum in the world and a historic monument, in Paris. The Uffizi, Florence It was found by King Philip II in the late 12th century.
  34. 34. Biblioteca Nacional de España It is a national Library ,the largest in Spain. The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 The Uffizi, Florence
  35. 35. Victoria and AlbertMuseum It’s the worlds largest museum of decorative arts and design  Named after Prince Albert and Que en Victoria The Uffizi, Florence  It was founded in 1852
  36. 36. Biblioteca Ambrosiana It is a historic library in Milan, Italy. Named after Ambrose, the patron saint of Milan. It was founded by Cardinal Federico Borromeo (1564‟1631) The Uffizi, Florence
  37. 37. Codex Leicester It is a collection of largely scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci. Of Leonardos 30 scientific journals, the Codex may be„ the most famous of all. The Uffizi, Florence
  38. 38. AnatoAnatomy „ Leonardosmy formal training in the anatomy of the human body began with Andrea del Verrocchio. „ As an artist, he quickly became The Uffizi, Florence master of topographic
  39. 39. Engineering and inventions„ For much of his life, Leonardo was fascinated by the phenomenon of flight and producing many studies of the flight of birds„ c. 1505 Codex on the Flight of Birds, as well as plans for several flying machines resembling a helicopter. Florence The Uffizi,
  40. 40. A design for a flying machine, (c. 1488)Institut de France, Paris The Uffizi, Florence
  41. 41. Leonardo the legend Leonardo da Vinci
  42. 42. His fame was such that theKing of France carried himaway like a trophy and wasclaimed to have supported himin his old age and held him inhis arms as he died.
  43. 43. Introduced his chapter onLeonardo da Vinci with the following words:„ According to Baldassare Castiglione 1528 , "... Another of the greatest painters in this world looks down on this art in which he is unequalled ...“„ According to Anonimo Gaddiano“ 1540 ,
  44. 44. „ According to Giorgio 1568 , In the normal course of events many men and women are born with remarkable talents; but occasionally, in a way that transcends nature, a single person is marvellously endowed by Heaven with beauty, grace and talent in such abundance that he leaves other men far behind, all his actions seem inspired and
  45. 45. „ According to Henry Fuseli 1801 , "Such was the dawn of modern art, when Leonardo da Vinci broke forth with a splendour that distanced former excellence: made up of all the elements that constitute the essence of genius ...“„ According to A. E. Rio who wrote in 1861: "He towered above all other
  46. 46. „ According to Hippolyte Taine 1866 , "There may not be in the world an example of another genius so universal, so incapable of fulfilment, so full of yearning for the infinite, so naturally refined, so far ahead of his own century and the following centuries."
  47. 47. „ Liana Bortolon, writing in 1967, said: "Because of the multiplicity of interests that spurred him to pursue every field of knowledge ... Leonardo can be considered, quite rightly, to have been the universal genius par excellence, and with all the disquieting overtones inherent in that term. Man is as
  48. 48. Statue of Leonardo da Vinci Amboise The Uffizi, Florence
  49. 49. THANK YOU The Uffizi, Florence