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Europe Imperialism


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Europe Imperialism

  1. 1. Imperialism
  2. 2. Imperialism: What? <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imperialism is when one government tries to control the government and economy of another country. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took place in the mid to late 1800s and early 1900s </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Imperialism: Who? <ul><li>European countries and eventually America: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portugal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Belgium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Imperialism: Why? <ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive to make your own country better—more money, power, and influence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial European nations needed natural resources and new markets for their goods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christianity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belief that Christians must spread religion to heathens in Africa and Asia </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Imperialism: How? <ul><li>Forces enabling Imperialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advanced Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guns, railroads, steamship, and other invention during the Industrial Revolution. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Imperialism <ul><li>Colony: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country is governed by a foreign power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Protectorate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Country with its own government but under the control of an outside power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sphere of Influence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Effects of Imperialism <ul><li>Large effects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe dominates imperialism and spreads control over most of the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases European tensions as countries compete for power and influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christianity is spread by missionaries </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Positive Effects </li></ul><ul><li>The government was run well </li></ul><ul><li>Schools were founded. </li></ul><ul><li>Railroads, the telegraph, and a postal service were introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Cheap British textiles destroyed the local textile market. </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation-Farmers had to grow cotton instead of food. </li></ul>Effects of British rule over India
  9. 9. Colonial Impact in Asia <ul><li>Economies grew based on cash crops (rice) and raw materials like tin and rubber </li></ul><ul><li>Roads, harbors, and railroads built and helped communication and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Education, health, and sanitation improved </li></ul><ul><li>Migration of people from all over Asia to work on plantations led to cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often led to racial and religious clashes which still exist today </li></ul></ul>