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Prepositions

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Prepositions

  1. 1. PREPOSITIONS everyone's favorite :)     Resources: http://www.writingcentre.uottawa.ca/hypergrammar/preposit.html
  2. 2. DEFINITIONS <ul><li>A preposition functions as a link between a NOUN (the object of the preposition) and another word in the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>It creates a RELATIONSHIP  of TIME, SPACE, DIRECTION, DURATION, or LOGIC the between two words.    </li></ul>
  3. 3. EXAMPLES <ul><li>             The book is on the table. </li></ul><ul><li>       The book is beneath the table. </li></ul><ul><li>             The book is leaning against the table. </li></ul><ul><li>         The book is beside the table. </li></ul><ul><li>             She held the book over the table. </li></ul><ul><li>        She read the book during class. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Most Common Prepositions <ul><li>The most common prepositions are &quot;about,&quot; &quot;above,&quot; &quot;across,&quot; &quot;after,&quot; &quot;against,&quot; &quot;along,&quot; &quot;among,&quot; &quot;around,&quot; &quot;at,&quot; &quot;before,&quot; &quot;behind,&quot; &quot;below,&quot; &quot;beneath,&quot; &quot;beside,&quot; &quot;between,&quot; &quot;beyond,&quot; &quot;but,&quot; &quot;by,&quot; &quot;despite,&quot; &quot;down,&quot; &quot;during,&quot; &quot;except,&quot; &quot;for,&quot; &quot;from,&quot; &quot;in,&quot; &quot;inside,&quot; &quot;into,&quot; &quot;like,&quot; &quot;near,&quot; &quot;of,&quot; &quot;off,&quot; &quot;on,&quot; &quot;onto,&quot; &quot;out,&quot; &quot;outside,&quot; &quot;over,&quot; &quot;past,&quot; &quot;since,&quot; &quot;through,&quot; &quot;throughout,&quot; &quot;till,&quot; &quot;to,&quot; &quot;toward,&quot; &quot;under,&quot; &quot;underneath,&quot; &quot;until,&quot; &quot;up,&quot; &quot;upon,&quot; &quot;with,&quot; &quot;within,&quot; and &quot;without.&quot; </li></ul>
  5. 5. &quot;OF&quot; IS ALWAYS A PREPOSITION!  
  6. 6. Try this... <ul><li>Use the sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The squirrel ran ______________ the tree.&quot;  </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all prepositions will fit into this sentence and make sense (even if it makes for a rather sill sentence). </li></ul>
  7. 7. Caution... <ul><li>The word FOR can be a prepsotion: </li></ul><ul><li>         The squirrel ran FOR the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>OR it can be a conjunction: </li></ul><ul><li>         The squirrel ran up the tree, FOR it had left its acorns  </li></ul><ul><li>         tucked into a little tiny crevice in the bark. </li></ul>
  8. 8. HOW DO YOU TELL THE DIFFERENCE? <ul><li>Look for the OBJECT of the preposition. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>A prepositional phrase is made up of the preposition, its object (a noun or pronoun) </li></ul><ul><li>  and any associated adjectives or adverbs .  </li></ul><ul><li>            Examples:      UP THE TREE </li></ul><ul><li>                                    DURING THE LECTURE </li></ul><ul><li>                                    FROM MY SISTER </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRACTICE: <ul><li>The children climbed to the top of the mountain without fear. There was rejoicing throughout the land of Libya when the government was defeated. The spider crawled slowly along the narrow banister. The dog is hiding under the porch because it knows it will be punished for chewing up a new pair of shoes. The screenwriter searched for the manuscript he was certain was somewhere in his office. </li></ul>
  10. 10. INTERJECTIONS Hey, these are easy!
  11. 11. INTERJECTIONS <ul><li>I'll let someone else teach this one: </li></ul>
  12. 12. AND Conjunctions <ul><li>Words that are used to CONNECT or JOIN two or more words, phrases or clauses. </li></ul><ul><li>They can be one word or COORDINATING CONJUCTIONS. Remember: FANBOYS  </li></ul><ul><li>EITHER that, OR they could come in two parts (CONJUNCTIONS) </li></ul><ul><li>        EIther...or        neither...nor </li></ul><ul><li>        Not only...but also        Both...And </li></ul>
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