Parts of speech a super quick review and then some harder stuff
NOUNS <ul><li>Name a person, place, thing OR IDEA (abstract nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a common noun (school, town, p...
PRONOUNS* <ul><li>Take the place of a noun in a sentence.  </li></ul><ul><li>They help to eliminate awkwardness and redund...
Six Types Of PRONOUNS <ul><li>(1)  personal pronoun : Personal pronouns stand in for  people, places, things and ideas . (...
Pronoun or Adjective? <ul><li>1.  They  followed the directions carefully, but they still got  themselves  lost.  </li></u...
Verbs <ul><li>Show an action OR a state of being (linking verbs) </li></ul><ul><li>Action Verbs:  run, ran, is running, di...
Adjectives <ul><li>Describe or  MODIFY  a NOUN  </li></ul><ul><li>Tells which one? What kind? How many? </li></ul><ul><li>...
Noun Or Adjective? <ul><li>Always check to see how the word is functioning in the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Keifer ate  ...
Adverbs <ul><li>Describe or  MODIFY   </li></ul><ul><li>a VERB, (He drove SLOWLY.) </li></ul><ul><li>an ADJECTIVE, (He dro...
Find the ADverbs <ul><li>The Adverb is one of the most important parts of English Grammar.  An adverb typically describes ...
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Parts of speech part 1

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Parts of speech part 1

  1. 1. Parts of speech a super quick review and then some harder stuff
  2. 2. NOUNS <ul><li>Name a person, place, thing OR IDEA (abstract nouns) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a common noun (school, town, principal) or Proper Noun (Irondale, New Brighton, Mr. Gengler) </li></ul><ul><li>Must always be a noun in the subject of a sentence (unless, of course the subject contains a pronoun…more on that later) </li></ul><ul><li>A noun that follows a linking verb and “renames” the subject is called a PREDICATE NOMINATIVE. </li></ul><ul><li>Franklin is an athlete . Franklin = athlete </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRONOUNS* <ul><li>Take the place of a noun in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>They help to eliminate awkwardness and redundancy in writing and speech </li></ul><ul><li>*Not to be confused with proper nouns! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Six Types Of PRONOUNS <ul><li>(1) personal pronoun : Personal pronouns stand in for people, places, things and ideas . (he, she, them, us, I) </li></ul><ul><li>(2) relative pronoun: A relative pronoun relates to another noun preceding it in the sentence. Therefore, a relative pronoun acts as the subject or object of the dependent clause . (that, which, who—as in “My friend Maya, who goes to Irondale, lives down the street from me.) </li></ul><ul><li>(3) indefinite pronoun: Indefinite pronouns refer to an unknown or undetermined person, place or thing. (anyone, no one, each, both, few) </li></ul><ul><li>(4) demonstrative pronoun : Demonstrative pronouns stand in for a person, place or thing that must be pointed to. They may function as subjects, objects or objects of the preposition. (this, that, these, those) </li></ul><ul><li>(5) interrogative pronoun: Interrogative pronouns are aptly named. They basically stand in for the answer to the question being asked. (who, which) </li></ul><ul><li>(6) reflexive pronoun: Reflexive pronouns &quot; reflect &quot; the person to whom the pronoun refers. (myself, yourself, ourselves, themselves) </li></ul><ul><li>fron http://www.grammaruntied.com/pronouns/pronouns.html </li></ul>
  5. 5. Pronoun or Adjective? <ul><li>1. They followed the directions carefully, but they still got themselves lost. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Those boys refused to ask for directions. </li></ul><ul><li>3. That would have been a smart thing to do. </li></ul><ul><li>4. They should have taken that map with them. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Verbs <ul><li>Show an action OR a state of being (linking verbs) </li></ul><ul><li>Action Verbs: run, ran, is running, did run, will be running </li></ul><ul><li>Linking Verbs: is, are, seems, feels, appears, were </li></ul><ul><li>Must always be a verb (action or linking) in the predicate of the sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Can be a VERB PHRASE which adds one or more helping verbs to the main verb—this changes the tense </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: is being, would have answered, did decorate </li></ul>
  7. 7. Adjectives <ul><li>Describe or MODIFY a NOUN </li></ul><ul><li>Tells which one? What kind? How many? </li></ul><ul><li>Can be attached to a noun in the subject or the predicate. </li></ul><ul><li>*Adjectives that follow a linking verb and describe the subject of the sentence are called Predicate Adjectives </li></ul>
  8. 8. Noun Or Adjective? <ul><li>Always check to see how the word is functioning in the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Keifer ate baloney for lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>Keifer ate a baloney sandwich for lunch. </li></ul><ul><li>Chloe gave Maddy a red pen for correcting the paper. </li></ul><ul><li>Red is my favorite color. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Adverbs <ul><li>Describe or MODIFY </li></ul><ul><li>a VERB, (He drove SLOWLY.) </li></ul><ul><li>an ADJECTIVE, (He drove a VERY slow car) </li></ul><ul><li>or another ADVERB (He drove VERY slowly) </li></ul><ul><li>Tell when, where, why, to what extent, or under what conditions something happens </li></ul>
  10. 10. Find the ADverbs <ul><li>The Adverb is one of the most important parts of English Grammar. An adverb typically describes a verb, adjective, or adverb. An adverb can be placed anywhere in a sentence. Adverbs are generally grouped into just five categories namely Place, Manner, Time, Frequency and Degree. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.esldesk.com/grammar/practice/identify-adverb </li></ul>

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