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how can biomechanics / technology help Canadian rowing?


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how can biomechanics / technology help Canadian rowing?

  1. 1. Rowing Canada Biomechanics and technology improving performance Keane Wheeler
  2. 2. ROAD TO EXCELLENCE <ul><li>2004 Athens </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked 19 th at the 2004 Athens Olympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked 3 rd at the Paralympic Games </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked top 15 Olympic nations </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked top 5 Paralympic nations in the gold medal count </li></ul><ul><li>2012 London </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked top 10 - 12 Olympic nations in medal count </li></ul><ul><li>Canada ranked top 5 Paralympic nations in the gold medal count </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  3. 3. ROWING CANADA <ul><li>2008 Beijing Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>Men ranked 3 rd (1G – 1S – 1B) </li></ul><ul><li>Women ranked 11 th (0G – 0S – 1B) </li></ul><ul><li>Overall rankings </li></ul><ul><li>UK (2G – 2S – 2B) </li></ul><ul><li>AUS (2G – 1S – 0B) </li></ul><ul><li>CANADA (1G – 1S – 2B) </li></ul><ul><li>2008 Beijing Paralympics </li></ul><ul><li>Canada no medals </li></ul><ul><li>UK ranked 1 st (2G – 0S – 1B) </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  4. 4. 2010 ROWING WORLD CUP - BLED Keane Wheeler
  5. 5. BIOMECHANICS & ROWING <ul><li>How can biomechanics contribute to the success of the Canadian rowing program? </li></ul><ul><li>How can biomechanics improve rowing performance? </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  6. 6. ROWING RESEARCH <ul><li>Extensive research examining rowing biomechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Predominately ergometer based assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Key focus of biomechanics research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boat composition and the correct configuration to generate torque equilibrium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance of crew synchronisation and stroke mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydrodynamics – surface area (wetted area) and profile drag (frontal surface area) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on propulsive power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustration of force-time curves during the rowing stroke </li></ul></ul>Keane Wheeler
  7. 7. KEY RESEARCH <ul><li>Smith, R (1995) emphasised the importance stroke consistency and smoothness to rowing performance </li></ul><ul><li>Rodriguez, R (1990) suggested that the strength of individual muscles is not as important to rowing as the combined action of muscle groups. Hence, rowers must develop technical skill to coordinate the stroke. </li></ul><ul><li>Smith, R (2002) outlined that modern technology allows the biomechanical determinants of rowing performance to measured and feedback given instantaneously on-water. Although rowers and their coaches value this feedback, the information must be presented using relevant and meaningful methods (e.g. appropriate to the learning style of the athlete). </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  8. 8. ROWING PERFORMANCE Keane Wheeler
  9. 9. ROWING BIOMECHANCIS <ul><li>Coach / athlete centre support </li></ul><ul><li>Key questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What is that you need to be successful? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we individualise your support? </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  10. 10. FEEDBACK TO ROWERS <ul><li>Focus on video analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Combine video with force-time data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective stroke mechanics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immediate feedback (when required) </li></ul><ul><li>Lapsed-time feedback (when required) </li></ul><ul><li>Matching feedback to athlete learning style </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  11. 11. INNOVATIVE FEEDBACK <ul><li>iPhone technology (Dartfish application) </li></ul><ul><li>On-water video feedback – novel positions such as overhead tracking </li></ul><ul><li>Managing video data – online database with video and rigging information </li></ul><ul><li>Combining video with kinetic measures (e.g. pin, stretcher and seat forces) when appropriate </li></ul>Keane Wheeler
  12. 12. ROWING BIOMECHANICS <ul><li>Key points: </li></ul><ul><li>Biomechanics / Technology can improve rowing </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient and meaningful feedback appropriate to individual needs and learning styles </li></ul>Keane Wheeler