Writing Task Analysis Presented By: Emily Gabriel Marie MacDonald Melanie O’Leary Karen Dumay
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Attention to TaskWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Motor planning, proprioception seating, sensorimotor, emotions, cognitive, auditory senses and visual.Assistive Technology Evernote (App -Free ): Can be used with iPad, iPod Touch, Mac, Window, Android, Blackberry, etcApps & Software Ready to Print (App - $9.99 ): This App help teach pre-writing skills to children in order to build good printing skills Remedial ToolsFYI Many students (LD/ADHD/poor organization) cannot stay focus during a writing task. They need technology to keep them organize and on task. Students with limited focus abilities need regular reminders and clear step-by-step instructions with a time frame.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Formulating and Visualizing Ideas in PicturesWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Executive function, time, foresee long term & short term, modulate effort, associate, store, recall, retrieve, self control, pace , organize and focus select.Assistive Technology PaperHelper: Easiest Essay ($1.99) With this App, students can research and type their text at the same time. One side of the screen is for theApps & Software Document Writer. The other side is for the Internet Browser. Kurweil 3000 (Software): Students can utilize the graphic organizer and word prediction program to help them associate, organize and focus their writing. Remedial and Compensatory ToolsFYI Students who have a weak reading comprehension will have difficulty decoding text. Students with limited recall skills will have a hard time retrieving information that can be used in a text. Hyperlexic students (autism spectrum) do not do well with abstract concepts present in writing.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Knowledge of Writing Flexible Writing/Understanding ViewWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Prior knowledge, experience, metacognitive skills, recall and retrieval.Assistive Technology Dragon Dictation/Voice Input (App - FREE): Dragon Dictation is a voice recognition app that allow students to record information and instantly see itApps & Software transformed into text. Much faster than typing. Boardmaker (Software - $399.00): Students can create written text like communication board, sequences and schedules. They can design their own materials using symbols. This software can be used in 44 languages. Remedial Tools & Compensatory ToolsFYI Non-verbal students or verbal students with limited motor skills due to physical disability need to use flexible ways to share their thoughts on paper. The app/software listed above can help them write down their ideas without triggering anxiety. These students need to have access to app or software with word prediction and voice-to-text.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Metacognitive SkillsWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Planning, evaluating progress, monitoring comprehension, self- regulation, executive control, setting goals, detect and correct errors.Assistive Technology Draft Builder (software) Breaks down the writing process for students who get overwhelmed with extensive printed informationApps & Software Inspiration & Kidspiration (software): Graphic Organizers Popplet ($4.99): Graphic Organizer Remedial ToolsFYI Learners who have limited or no metacognitive skills will have difficulties planning and organizing their work from beginning to end. These students cannot complete an assignment in a sequential way. Many of these learners cannot meet deadlines or even finish the required work on their own (poor organization process). They cannot plan ahead.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Converting Images to LanguageWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Prior experience, prior knowledge, language, long term memories, language, vocabulary, active working memory, effective and efficient retrieval of memories and sequential processing.Assistive Technology Storybird (software): This software provides a series of images to help guideApps & Software students’ writing. Spell check is available. Sequential Spelling: Level 2 (App/$12.99) The Sequential Spelling App teaches the pattern present in the English Language. The main objective of the App is to help individuals master the English language by providing them with the signification of the words (root words, suffixes). Remedial ToolsFYI Students with brain injuries and dyslexia will have a hard time converting images into language. They need to use tools that provide word repetition and sequential processing.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Integration of all SkillsWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Auditory and visual memory, formulating, organizing, phonological processing, sequencing words and graphomotor.Assistive Technology Story Starters (Scholastic): Provide students with ideas (topic) that help direct their writing. Students can formulate various texts (e.g. Newspaper ad orApps & Software postcard). Interesting and fun writing ideas . Ghotit (Software): Ghotit cost $14.99 (monthly) or $129.99 (lifetime). Ghotit includes text-to-speech, context and phonetic spell check and an integrated word dictionary. Remedial and Compensatory ToolsFYI Student with dyslexia, dysgraphia or any other writing difficulties can use the software listed on this page. Students who struggle with phonological processing require outside assistance to help them improve their dictation skills.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Grammar & SemanticsWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Retrieval, memory, prior knowledge, and vocabulary.Assistive Technology Draft Builder 6 (software) Breaks down the writing process for students who get overwhelmed with extensive printed informationApps & Software Grammar Girl App ($1.99) This app contains tips to write effectively. Students can practice/reinforce grammar skills by using the integrated quizzes. Words-Synonyms & Antonyms ($0.99) This app contains more than 300 synonyms and antonyms (interactive learning app) Remedial ToolsFYI Students with limited vocabulary recall, ESL, and dyslexia will struggle when time comes to identify grammatical errors in a text. These students will require access to tools that will provide meanings or interpretation of a word/sentence.
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Speed of Motor ResponseWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Phonological processing, graphomotor, memory, directionality, motor planning, spatial awareness, automatic letter recall, fine motor and visual motor.Assistive Technology Dexteria ($4.99) Will help improve fine motor skills and handwriting readinessApps & Software Write Pad (Cost: $9.99) This App is ideal for students with poor written output. Students can convert their handwriting (cursive or print) to text). ShapeBuilder (App - $0.99): This app help develop visual motor skills, and hand eye coordination. Students can use a stylus to improve pencil grasp (fine motor skills). Remedial ToolsFYI Students with dysgraphia (illegible handwriting), limited fine motor skills and dexterity will struggle when it comes to using a pen/pencil to write down their thoughts. These students will use a lot of energy focusing on the writing mechanics and not on the content (written task).
Writing Task Analysis Writing Process Editing and RevisionWriting Process This process includes some of the followings:Descriptors Students will have to be able to use all the other executive function to find and correct errors (grammar, spelling and punctuation). What process did they use to get to final copy.Assistive Technology Grammarly. Com (about $20 a month) –for High School Students This software helps edit students’ text. It provides word alternativesApps & Software (synonyms) and encourages students to use formal writing convention (Higher Content Level). Paper Rater: (Free Download) This software includes a grammar and spelling check. It can detect plagiarism and provides writing suggestions. Remedial ToolsFYI This part of the writing process requires students to be focused and organized. Students with ADHD, dyslexia, hyperlexia (autism spectrum) will have a hard time dissecting a text. Editing and Revision is one of the most critical step of the writing process. Attention to task and a strong knowledge of the English language (convention) is necessary.