DefinitionTraumatic Brain injury is damage to thebrain as a result of an injury.
Rates•Theestimated rate of occurrence is618 per 100,000.•A few common causes are sportsinjuries, vehicle accidents, falls,violence, or construction.
CHARACTERISTICS Behavioral characteristics could include: memory deficits confusion cognitive processing issues frustration loss of impulse control chemical imbalance in brain that may causes mood changes
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Physical Characteristics all depend on the severity of the injury. They could include anything from vomiting, nausea, problems with motor coordination, headaches, difficulty awakening, slurred speech, blurred or loss of vision, pupil dilation, fatigue, convulsions, or even death.
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS •Early intervention to help with difficulty in memory. •Extra time to process the information because of their short attention span. •Identification of skills, knowledge, and capabilities. •Help with educational skills. •Realistic goals. •Guidance in problem solving.
EDUCATIONAL NEEDS CONT. •Material should be presented orally or with more pictures. •The child needs to be allowed to respond in various ways, such as pointing or verbally. •They should be allowed resting opportunities. •They need adaptations and flexibility in leaving the classroom.
ORGANIZATIONS NationalAssociation of Brain Injury State Head Association InjuryAdministration Brain InjuryBrain Trauma Association of Association America
RESOURCES•Traumatic Brain Injury: A guidebook forEducators(1995) Reprinted 2002•Description: TBI Educational Network: ARepresentative Network•Betty Clooney Foundation www.bcftbi.org/resouces•Center for Nuero Skills www.nueroskills.com
RESOURCES FOR THE PARENT•Brain Injury Resource Centerwww.headinjury.com/families•Family Caregiver Alliancewww.caregiver.org•www.headinjury.com/families
WAYS TO HELP IN THE CLASSROOM •Children should be allowed to sit in the front of the class to avoid distractions. •Color-code material for each class on an index card •Supply needed breaks, including nurses office to rest •They should be allowed more time to complete work. It may take two or three times more to process than before injury.