9722610 Leya

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9722610 Leya

  1. 1. Presenter:Leya Tsai 蔡小鈴 Instructor: Dr. Pi-Ying Teresa Hsu Oct. 20, 2008 Children’s Recognition of Cartoon Voices
  2. 2. Citation Spence, J. S., Rollins, R. P., & Jerger, S. (2002). Children’s recognition of cartoon voices. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 45 (1) , 214-222 .
  3. 3. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale </li></ul><ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><li>Results & Discussion </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>Talker attributes influence the processing of speech in adult listeners. </li></ul><ul><li>(Nygaard & Pisoni, 1998) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>3- to 5-year-old children were more accurate on word recognition tasks produced by a single talker. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ryalls & Pisoni, 1997) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction <ul><li>This study examined differences in talker recognition skills of 3- to 5-year-old children. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rationale <ul><li>Preschool children encode certain types of information via implicit learning. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Rationale <ul><li>2. The face-recognition model (Bruce & Young, 1986) </li></ul>see a person’s face recall the person’s personal attributes
  9. 9. Method Participants 24 5 years old 24 4 years old 24 3 years old Number Age
  10. 10. Method <ul><li>Picture stimuli: 20 target characters and 40 foil characters from popular children’s TV and video programs </li></ul>Picture stimuli were presented with each voice sample.
  11. 11. Method X 10 pieces
  12. 12. Method <ul><li>Voice stimuli : 20 target cartoon characters’ voices recorded onto tape </li></ul>Each character produced two utterances.
  13. 13. Method <ul><li>Procedure </li></ul>seat at a table play the tape answer
  14. 14. Method <ul><li>Correct Answer </li></ul><ul><li>Wrong Answer </li></ul>more familiar character less familiar character
  15. 15. Results & Discussion <ul><li>The apparent difference of percentage rate between the ages of 3 and 4 years </li></ul>percentage age
  16. 16. Results & Discussion <ul><li>Children recognized voices of cartoon characters they had experienced through their daily activities. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Results & Discussion <ul><li>Children’s ability to encode and recognize words rapidly develop in preschool children. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Results & Discussion <ul><li>Children’s ability to recognize vocal sources may be an important aid to the development of spoken word recognition. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Thanks for your attention!

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