Migration And Mobility Pt3

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Migration And Mobility Pt3

  1. 1. Migration and Mobility PT 3<br />
  2. 2. International Migration<br />Composed of 2 streams<br />Labor streams<br />Flows of refugees<br />Emigration from Europe beginning in the 16th C<br />Largest in human history<br />60 million Europeans<br />
  3. 3. Net Migration Rate, 2004<br />
  4. 4. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />17th, 18th & 19th Centuries = open immigration<br />U.S. was established by immigrants<br />1783-1820 <br />250,000 immigrants<br />
  5. 5. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />First Wave 1820 to 1860<br />1820-1840<br />1820 = 8,385 immigrants<br />1840 = 84,066 immigrants<br />70% from England, Ireland and Germany (surge in 1930)<br />
  6. 6. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />First Wave 1820 to 1860<br />1841-1860<br />4,311,465 immigrants <br />427,833 in 1854 (Higher than annual total for all years between 1931 and 1976, except 1968)<br />England, Ireland (the Great Potato Famine), Germany AND Scandinavia<br />1848 – Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo<br />Gold rush: Chinese and Mexicans<br />
  7. 7. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />Second Wave 1860 to 1890<br />1870s<br />Chinese, Scandinavians & Canadians<br />
  8. 8. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />Third Wave 1890 to 1910<br />New York (Ellis Island, 1892); West Coast<br />1890-1910 – Ethnic Shift<br />Italy, Poland, Russia, Hungary<br />Japanese “Gentleman’s Agreement” in 1907<br />Korean “Wave” 1903-1924” to Hawaii<br />
  9. 9. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />1919-1940 – Dramatic Slowdown<br />Wars, Great Depression<br />1953 to 1965 – 2nd Korean Wave<br />1924 National Origins Act<br />Quotas on certain geographical areas<br />
  10. 10. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />Fourth Wave 1965 to present<br />1965 – Taft-Hartley Act<br />Revived mass immigration to the US<br />Mexico & Latin America, Asia<br />Labor Migration<br />Geographical Dispersion<br />
  11. 11. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />Fourth Wave 1965 to present<br />IRCA 1986<br />Immigration Reform & Control Act<br />Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant responsibility Act of 1996<br />Terrorism<br />USA PATRIOT Act of 2001<br />Border control<br />
  12. 12. Major Periods of Immigration to the U.S.<br />Fourth Wave 1965 to present<br />IRCA 1986 – “Amnesty”<br />Immigration Reform and Control Act<br />Immigration Act of 1996<br />Terrorism<br />USA PATRIOT Act 2001<br />Border protection<br />

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