Migration and Mobility PT 2<br />1<br />
Migration Theory<br />Why does migration occur?<br />What are the patterns of migration and what is responsible?<br />2<br />
Migration Theory<br />Individual decision <br />supply of labor<br />Structural impetus <br />demand for labor<br />3<br />
Why do people migrate?<br />#1 – economic reasons<br />4<br />
Migration Theory<br />Individual decision (supply)<br />Ravenstein<br />Lee<br />“New economics”<br />Structural impetus (...
Push and Pull Factors<br />Push factors are conditions that drive people to leave their homes<br />Pull factors are condit...
Push Factors<br />Lack of jobs<br />Land scarcity<br />War/conflict<br />persecution<br />Environmental disasters<br />7<b...
Pull Factors<br />Jobs<br />Amenities<br />Physical and social<br />Freedoms<br />Political<br />Religious<br />Gender-rel...
Migration Selectivity<br />Trewartha (1969) said <br />“…certain elements of the population tend to be more migratory than...
Migration Selectivity<br />For long distance moves<br />Age is the most significant differential<br />Marital status<br />...
Consequences of Migration<br />Alteration of conditions in societies both sending and receiving <br />Demographic<br />Soc...
Consequences of Migration<br />Sending regions:<br />Aging of population<br />Underdevelopment<br />Relief of population p...
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Migration And Mobility Pt2

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Migration And Mobility Pt2

  1. 1. Migration and Mobility PT 2<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Migration Theory<br />Why does migration occur?<br />What are the patterns of migration and what is responsible?<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Migration Theory<br />Individual decision <br />supply of labor<br />Structural impetus <br />demand for labor<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Why do people migrate?<br />#1 – economic reasons<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Migration Theory<br />Individual decision (supply)<br />Ravenstein<br />Lee<br />“New economics”<br />Structural impetus (demand)<br />Demand for labor<br />World systems theory<br />Social networks theory<br />The role of information<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Push and Pull Factors<br />Push factors are conditions that drive people to leave their homes<br />Pull factors are conditions that attract people to a new area<br />6<br />
  7. 7. Push Factors<br />Lack of jobs<br />Land scarcity<br />War/conflict<br />persecution<br />Environmental disasters<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Pull Factors<br />Jobs<br />Amenities<br />Physical and social<br />Freedoms<br />Political<br />Religious<br />Gender-related<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Migration Selectivity<br />Trewartha (1969) said <br />“…certain elements of the population tend to be more migratory than others”<br />This is the essence of migration selectivity<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Migration Selectivity<br />For long distance moves<br />Age is the most significant differential<br />Marital status<br />Gender <br />Occupation and education<br />For short distance moves<br />Level of education<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Consequences of Migration<br />Alteration of conditions in societies both sending and receiving <br />Demographic<br />Socioeconomic<br />Political<br />11<br />
  12. 12. Consequences of Migration<br />Sending regions:<br />Aging of population<br />Underdevelopment<br />Relief of population pressure<br />What happens to those left behind? <br />Receiving regions:<br />Population growth<br />Increase in race/ethnic complexity<br />More segregation<br />12<br />

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