Introduction To Population Geography

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Intro to Population Geography Lecture

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Introduction To Population Geography

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2.  Population Geography ◦ The study of population phenomena and problems; patterns and trends in different parts of the world; small or large areas.  Demography ◦ The study of the characteristics of human populations. 2
  3. 3. • The study of human populations; their composition, growth, distribution, and migratory movements with an emphasis on the last two. It is concerned with the study of demographic processes which affect the environment, but differs from demography in that it is concerned with the spatial expression of such processes. (Definition from Ask.com) • Also, geographers focus on space, demographers on time 3
  4. 4. Censuses & Vital Records See Appendix A in text p. 361 4
  5. 5.  Census uses ◦ Study of trends ◦ Congressional Apportionment ◦ Distribution of funding and revenues 5
  6. 6.  Limitations of the Census ◦ Undercount ◦ Only once every 10 years ◦ Wording of questions ◦ No individual level data ◦ Sampling errors 6
  7. 7.  Vital Records ◦ Births ◦ Deaths ◦ Marriage ◦ Morbidity 7
  8. 8. GIS Marketing Applications ◦ Georeferencing < Starbucks Coffee Co. Catchment Area 8
  9. 9.  Geographers have developed a set of spatial theories of ◦ Location ◦ Distribution ◦ Interaction and processes Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 9
  10. 10.  Geographers have invented a unique set of methods of spatial analysis and innovative multi-modal representational forms  Geographers use place-based reasoning to solve a variety of problems relating to human-environment relations Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 10
  11. 11.  Geographers can use their special spatial skills to ◦ help in the process of political redistricting ◦ analyze population growth or decline Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 11
  12. 12.  At the state level, geographers with training in settlement theory ◦ monitor the growth and decline of small towns ◦ undertake economic and environmental impact analyses ◦ investigate changes in local, regional, and statewide economic bases by using spatially sensitive input-output models. ◦ analysis of population growth or decline-- particularly via intrastate, interstate, and international migration Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 12
  13. 13.  Examining the regional effects of undocumented immigration and transient international workers has become a major skill developed by today's geographers. Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 13
  14. 14.  Monitoring recreational and tourist movements has become more important as leisure time has increased and as quot;summer homequot; ownership has flourished ◦ E.g., Frostbelt to Sunbelt movements ◦ “Snowbird” migration Source: Golledge, July 2, 2001. http://www.directionsmag.com/columns.php?column_id=41 14
  15. 15. Population Dynamics and Processes • Population Growth • Birth, or Fertility, Rates; Death, or Mortality, Rates • Demographic Transition Theory • Population Movement and Migration • Mobility and Migration • International & Internal Voluntary/Forced Migration Population Distribution and Structure • Population Distribution & Density • Age-Sex Pyramids Population Debates and Policies • Resources, Policies, Programs, Sustainability & Gender 15

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