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Abstract—The ICTs and Development (ICTD) field refers to numerous case studies on the African continent. These stories are, however, often told by Western scholars. This gap between researcher and reality can affect the success of ICT programs in African countries, but also reflects a more serious dependence of Africa on foreign scholarly direction. This paper therefore seeks to better understand what role African researchers have played in the ICTD field, and suggest a way forward that will advance the role of ICTs in the continent’s development. We present findings on the participation of African researchers in ICTD through academic publications across four subdisciplines. The findings highlight emerging thematic areas of concern to African researchers and their almost negligible representation in formal academic publications. We therefore suggest that key theories in ICTD are being formed without significant influence by African scholars and identify mechanisms to enhance their contribution.