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Social Determinants of Health CDC HEALTH DISPARITIES AND INEQUALITIES REPORT—                UNITED STATES, 2011         M...
HealthDisparitiesdifferences in health             outcomes     between groups    that reflect social          inequalities
Finding          Education and Income                   Those who live and work in lows                   socioeconomic ...
ResultsLowerincomeresidentsreport feweraveragehealthydays.
Environmental Hazards
Finding          Inadequate and unhealthy housings                  Lack of structural and                 safety featur...
Air Pollution Urban counties are generally near sources of air pollution                  Racial and ethnic minority group...
Findin         Health Insurance Coveragegs                Insurance coverage is strongly related                   to be...
Findings  Access to  Preventive                Influenza vaccination coverage      Health    Services                   ...
Preventive Screenings     Colorectal cancer        screenings   Disparities exist based on     Age group     Ethnic gro...
Mortality
Findings              Mortality                Infant Deaths                Motor Vehicle Related Deaths    Health     ...
Infant Mortality         African-American Infants Are 1 ½ to 3 times more likely to die than infants of other ethnicities
Suicide and Homicide        Suicide                 Homicide Men of all ages and    Highest rate for those race/ethnicit...
Coronary Heart Disease and StrokeLeading cause of disability   African American Men andand death in US               Women...
Drug Induced Deaths Rates of drug-induced       Prescription drug abuse  deaths increased            now kills more pers...
Morbidity
Findin                 Morbiditygs                 Obesity                   Pre-term Births                   Potenti...
Obesity  What percentage of your state’s population is obese? Prevalence of obesity is  lower among whites  than among bl...
HypertensionDo You Know Your Numbers?               Hypertension is most                prevalent among non-             ...
Behavioral Risk Factors
Findings              Behavioral Risk Factors                Binge Drinking                Adolescent Pregnancy and Chi...
Binge Drinking  What is binge drinking?            Who’s at risk?                               Younger people and men   ...
Tobacco Use Leading cause of  preventable illness and  death Disparities in smoking rates  persist among certain racial ...
Teen Pregnancy                     Disparities Persist Rates of adolescent  pregnancy and childbirth  have been falling o...
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Social Determinants of Health

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slide show presenting content from CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report— United States, 2011

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Social Determinants of Health

  1. 1. Social Determinants of Health CDC HEALTH DISPARITIES AND INEQUALITIES REPORT— UNITED STATES, 2011 MMWR / JANUARY 14, 2011 / VOL. 60.
  2. 2. HealthDisparitiesdifferences in health outcomes between groups that reflect social inequalities
  3. 3. Finding  Education and Income  Those who live and work in lows socioeconomic circumstances are at an increased risk Social  MortalityDeterminants  Morbidity of Health  Unhealthy behaviors  Reduced access to healthcare  Inadequate quality of care  A substantial proportion of the adult population with insufficient resources is vulnerable to health problems.
  4. 4. ResultsLowerincomeresidentsreport feweraveragehealthydays.
  5. 5. Environmental Hazards
  6. 6. Finding  Inadequate and unhealthy housings  Lack of structural and safety features increase risk of  Injuries  Blood lead levels  Worsening of otherEnvironmental conditions Hazards  Poor indoor air quality increases risk of Cancer   Asthma  Coronary Heart disease
  7. 7. Air Pollution Urban counties are generally near sources of air pollution Racial and ethnic minority groups, are more likely to live in urban counties and more likely to experience a disparately larger impact
  8. 8. Findin  Health Insurance Coveragegs  Insurance coverage is strongly related to better health outcomes Healthcare  Higher percentage of males are Access uninsured  18-34 year olds are twice as likely to be uninsured as 45-64 year olds  Hispanics and blacks had significantly higher uninsured rates compared to non- Hispanic whites and Asian/Pacific Islanders
  9. 9. Findings Access to Preventive  Influenza vaccination coverage Health Services  During the 2009-2010 flu vaccination period, non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics had lower vaccination rates than non-Hispanic whites
  10. 10. Preventive Screenings Colorectal cancer screenings Disparities exist based on  Age group  Ethnic group  Disability  Insurance status
  11. 11. Mortality
  12. 12. Findings  Mortality  Infant Deaths  Motor Vehicle Related Deaths Health  Suicides Outcomes  Drug-Induced Deaths  Coronary Heart Disease and Strokes  Homicides
  13. 13. Infant Mortality African-American Infants Are 1 ½ to 3 times more likely to die than infants of other ethnicities
  14. 14. Suicide and Homicide Suicide Homicide Men of all ages and  Highest rate for those race/ethnicities are between ages 15-34 approximately four  4 times greater in times more likely to males than females die by suicide than  Highest rate among females non-Hispanic blacks
  15. 15. Coronary Heart Disease and StrokeLeading cause of disability African American Men andand death in US Women Men are more likely to  More likely to die of die from coronary heart disease and heart diseases than stroke than their white women counterparts
  16. 16. Drug Induced Deaths Rates of drug-induced  Prescription drug abuse deaths increased now kills more persons between 2003 and 2007 than illicit drugs among men and women of all race/ethnicities, with the exception of Hispanics. Rates are highest among non-Hispanic whites.
  17. 17. Morbidity
  18. 18. Findin  Morbiditygs  Obesity  Pre-term Births  Potentially Preventable Hospitalizations  Current Asthma Prevalence Health  HIV Infection Outcomes  DiabetesP  Hypertension and Hypertension Control
  19. 19. Obesity What percentage of your state’s population is obese? Prevalence of obesity is lower among whites than among blacks and Mexican-Americans Among females, prevalence of obesity is highest among blacks
  20. 20. HypertensionDo You Know Your Numbers?  Hypertension is most prevalent among non- Hispanic blacks (42% versus 28.8% among whites).  Women are significantly more likely to have hypertension controlled than men  Uninsured persons are only about half as likely to have hypertension under control than those with insurance, regardless of type
  21. 21. Behavioral Risk Factors
  22. 22. Findings  Behavioral Risk Factors  Binge Drinking  Adolescent Pregnancy and Childbirth Health  Cigarette Smoking Outcomes
  23. 23. Binge Drinking What is binge drinking? Who’s at risk?  Younger people and men are more likely to binge drink and consume more alcohol than older people and women.  More than half of alcohol Consuming four or more consumption by adults in alcoholic drinks on one or the United States is in the more occasion for women form of binge drinking and five or more for men.
  24. 24. Tobacco Use Leading cause of preventable illness and death Disparities in smoking rates persist among certain racial and ethnic minorities: American Indians and Alaska Natives Smoking rates decline with increasing income Smoking rates decline with increasing educational attainment
  25. 25. Teen Pregnancy Disparities Persist Rates of adolescent pregnancy and childbirth have been falling or holding steady for all racial/ethnic minorities in all age groups. Birth rates for Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks are 3 and 2.5 times those of whites

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