Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused byinfections that are passed from one person toanother during sexual contact.STI infections often do not cause any symptoms.Medically, infections are only called diseases whenthey cause symptoms.That is why STDs are also called "sexually transmittedinfections." But it’s very common for people to usethe terms "sexually transmitted diseases" or "STDs,"even when there are no signs of disease.
CDC• 19 million new cases every year• $17 Billion …STDs cost the U.S. health care system $17 billion every year—and cost individuals even more in immediate and life- long health consequences.
STD Youth• STDs primarily affect young people,• Young people represent 25 percent of the sexually experienced population in the United States, but account for nearly half of new STDs.• The long-lasting health effects are particularly serious for young people:
Effect on your Future• The long-lasting health effects are particularly serious for young people: – Each year, untreated STDs cause at least 24,000 women in the U.S. to become infertile. –INFERTILITY
EFFECTS ON BODY• serious long-term complications, including: brain, cardiovascular, and organ damage.• in pregnant women can also result in congenital syphilis (syphilis among infants), which can cause stillbirth, death soon after birth, and physical deformity and neurological complications in children who survive. P• Pregnant women results in infant death in up to 40 percent of cases.
Who Do STD/STI Effect?• STDs affect people of all races, ages, and sexual orientations
2 Types• Bacterial: – Curable with an antibiotic • Gonorrhea, • chlamydia, • syphlis• Viral: – NOT curable remains in the body for lifetime – Symptoms can be alleviated with medications • Trichomoniasis, • Human Papillomavirus (HPV), • Genital Herpes (type 2), Hepatitis B, • HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) • AIDS (qquired immune deficiency syndrome), • Genital Warts
Symptoms of a STD• What are the symptoms? How would I know if Ihavebeen infected? Sores (either painful or painless) Blood in urine Burning sensation when urinatingRashes Itching Bumps Warts Unusual, smelly, puss, green discharge Blisters