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  1. 1. FETAL DEVELOPMENT Journal What thought will you have when you oryour wife is pregnant? Does it scare you? What will be your concerns?
  2. 2. Father of the Bride 2 40:10 (hot, exercise, eating)
  3. 3. An egg goes down the fallopian tube afterovulation; if a sperm makes its way from thevagina through the uterus to the egg within 24hours, conception is likely to occur.
  4. 4. Egg surrounded by sperm. Asperm penetrates the egg and conception occurs. It is called a zygote until it reaches the uterus in 3-4 days.
  5. 5. Signs and Symptoms Pregnancy – 40 weeks A missing menstrual period Morning sickness and nausea Frequent urination Cravings Breasts enlarge Fatigue and dizzinessA simple urine test from thedoctor will show whether ornot a woman is pregnant.
  6. 6. The embryomay floatfreely in theuterus forabout 48hours beforeimplanting.Upon implantation, complex connectionsbetween the mother and embryo developto form the placenta.
  7. 7. Call the doctor if any of the following occur:Vaginal bleedingSharp abdominal pain or crampingLoss of fluid from the vaginaSevere or prolonged nausea or vomitingFrequent dizzy spellsPainful urinationHigh fever over 100 degrees F.Vaginal discharge that is irritating
  8. 8. Other considerations:No medications, including over-the counter drugs, unless approved by your doctor.No drugs or alcohol.No x-rays.No saunas and hot tubs.No vaccinations during pregnancy.Avoid cats, cattle, sheep and pigs. They have a parasite that causes toxoplasmosis.
  9. 9. By the end of the first 1 Monthmonth, the embryo isabout 1/4 of an inchlong. The heart, nolarger than a poppyseed, has begunbeating. Head, mouth,liver, and intestinesbegin to take shape. twins
  10. 10. The embryo grows toabout an inch long and 2has distinct, slightly Monthswebbed fingers. Veinsare clearly visible. Theplacenta is alreadynourishing the babythrough the umbilicalcord. The heart hasdivided into right and leftchambers. Veins areclearly visible. Most vitalorgans are developed.
  11. 11. Starting at eight weeks,your baby is called a 3fetus. By the end of thefirst trimester, the fetus Monthsis 2 1/2 to 3 incheslong and is fullyformed. He has begunswallowing and kicking.All organs and muscleshave formed and arebeginning to function.The arms, legs, hand,and fingers are fullydeveloped. The nailson his fingers and toesare starting to develop.
  12. 12. Skin – Every woman’s body reacts differently to pregnancy.  Oily, dry or scaly  Stretch marks  Facial skin may darkenEmotions  Need a few extra breaks or time to relax.  May experience mood swings, depression and bad dreams.Feel baby’s movements
  13. 13. Your baby is about 2inches long and is 4covered with a layer Monthsof thick, downy haircalled lanugo. Thefirst outlines of theface are showing.His heartbeat can beheard clearly. This iswhen many mothersfeel their babys firstthrilling kick.
  14. 14. If you have an 5ultrasound, you mightsee him sucking his Monthsthumb. By the end of thismonth, your baby will benearly 8 inches long andweigh almost a pound.The skull bones are themost important bonesbeing developed at thistime.
  15. 15. Tiny eyebrows andeyelids are visible.There is a lot of 6evidence to show that Monthsthe baby can hear theoutside world. Yourbabys lungs are filledwith amniotic fluid,and he has started topractice breathingmovements. If youtalk or sing, he canhear you. Fingerprintsare formed.
  16. 16. Abdomen enlargesFatigue is commonExpectant fathers take more interest because they can feel the baby move.Baby moves a lot  A mother should feel the baby move every couple of hours. If not, she should call her doctor.
  17. 17. Heartburn Shortness of breathDiscomforts that might Heart palpitations be experienced Leg cramps Round ligament pains
  18. 18. By the end of theseventh month, your 7baby weighs about 31/2 pounds and is Monthsabout 12 inches long.His body is wellformed. Fingernailscover his fingertips.He may try to turntoward a source ofbright light.
  19. 19. Your baby is gainingabout half a pound 8per week, and layersof fat are piling on Monthsunder his skin. Hehas probably turnedhead-down inpreparation for hiscoming birth. Heweighs between 4and 6 pounds.
  20. 20. Your baby is a hefty 6 to9 pounds and measuressomewhere between 19and 22 inches. The lungsdevelop in preparation frobreathing and the head isnow head-down. As hebecomes more crowded, 9you may feel him movearound less. The last few Monthsweeks, the baby “drops”in preparation for delivery– giving the mother a littlebreathing space.
  21. 21. Danger Signals Call the doctor if any of these problems occur.Vaginal bleeding Sudden andSharp abdominal excessive swelling pain/cramping of face, hands, andLoss of fluid feetFrequent dizzy spells HeadacheVisual disturbances Burning, painfulNausea or vomiting urination Fever Vaginal discharge
  22. 22. Weight gain during pregnancy 25-30 poundsBaby – 7 ½ poundsPlacenta – 1 ½ poundsUterus – 2 poundsAmniotic fluid – 1 ½ poundExtra blood and water – 4 ½ poundsBreast tissue – 3 poundsMaternal stores of protein – 4 pounds
  23. 23. Baby’ s Arrival
  24. 24. Pregnancy IssuesToxemiaEctopic P regnancyStillbornSpontaneous Abortion
  25. 25. HEALTHY PREGNANCYSteps to a healthy pregnancy begin BEFORE conception!!! Establish healthy eating habits NOW Folic Acid
  26. 26. HEALTHY PREGNANCYWhat you eat…baby eats (kinda) so make healthy choices Eat a variety of the essential nutrients Especially increase intake of calcium, iron, & protein300 extra calories daily first trimester350 second trimester500 third trimester Get nutrients from food! But doctors will often recommend a prenatal vitamin
  27. 27. Consequences of a Poor DietStill Births are more commonThe infant may be below normal weight & fail to thriveInfant mortality is greaterInfant is more prone to infectionsThe infant may be anemic
  28. 28. Internet Quiz