Blood Alcohol Concentration-the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood Legal amount? Alcohol stays in the person’s system until the liver can metabolize it. Metabolize means to break down Liver activity 5 boys, 5 girls What are some things that affect alcohol’s influence on the body?
Body size Gender Food Rate of intake Amount medicineFactors that influence Alcohols’Effects
Ethanol: type of alcohol in an alcoholic beverage. Fermentation: the chemical action of yeast on sugars Depressant: a drug that slows the central nervous system Intoxication: the state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance and the persons physical and mental control is significantly reduced.Alcohol is an addictive drug
Liver: ◦ Fatty liver: fat build up in the liver and cannot be broken down. ◦ Cirrhosis: scarring of the liver and poor liver function as a result of chronic liver disease ◦ Hepatitis: inflammation of the liver ◦ Liver activity-5 boys, 5 girlsLong Term Effects
50 deaths a day in US b/c of DUI 1/3-2/3 of sexual assault involves alcohol 25% of sexually active teens use alcohol before engaging in sexual activities 25% of teenagers live with family members who abuse alcohol Teens are 5 times more likely to be an alcoholic if they start drinking by age 21Facts
Binge drinking: drinking five ore more alcoholic drinks at one sitting. Alcohol poisoning: a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose.Binge Drinking/ Alcohol Poisoning
Mental confusion Coma Vomiting/seizures Slow respiration Irregular heartbeat Hypothermia or low body temperatureEffects of Alcohol Poisoning
What are some of the effects on the body?Effects of alcohol?
Psychological dependence-a person believes the drug is needed in order to function normally Physiological dependence-a person has a chemical need for the drug Blood Alcohol Concentration-the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood Legal amount?
You? Friends? Family? Community? Society?Who does alcohol affect?
Write ½ page paper on who would be affected if you started drinking alcohol How would your future be affected?Assignment