TOBACCO“Quitting smoking is easy. I’ve done it hundreds of times!” Mark Twain
The R.J. Reynolds Family Tree“My name is Patrick Reynolds.My grandfather, R. J. Reynolds, founded the tobaccocompany that makes Camels, Winstons, and Salems.We’ve all heard the tobacco industry say smoking doesn’tcause health problems. We’ll, they ought to look at the R. J.Reynolds’ family tree!!My grandfather chewed tobacco and died of cancer.My father smokes heavily and died of emphysema.My mother smoked and had emphysema and heart disease.My two aunts, also heavy smokers, died of emphysema.Currently, three of my older brothers who smoke haveemphysema.I smoked for 10 years, and now I have something called,“small-airways lung disease.Do you really think the tobacco companies are beingtruthful?”
I. Facts A. Surgeon General: The U.S. government’s doctor for the entire nation – high position. WARNING: “The Surgeon General called cigarette smoking the chief, single, most avoidable, cause of death in our society and the most important public health issue of our time!!”
B. Where does it come from? Grown in southern colonies, South America, Central America. Columbus introduces tobacco to Europe.
B. Where does tobacco come from? 1. What are the different ways to use it? Pipes Cigars Cigarettes Snuff chew
C. Smoke-related deaths 450,000 deaths each year from people smoking Does it affect you? How?
D. High School Statistics Over 5000 teens start smoking each day 90% of all smokers started by the age of 19 Girls smokers are on the rise!!
E. Cost of Smoking (1 pack =$8.75) If you smoke 2 packs a day = $17.50 1 week = $122.50 1 month = $958 1 year = $11,496 10 years = $114,960Will be much more because the price of cigarettes will go up every year!!!
F. Industry 1. Very profitable business 2. In 2010 - $87 billion in sales 3. In 2010 - $164 million was spent on healthcare, lost wages, and research!
II. VOCABULARY A. Nicotine: Stimulant drug found in tobacco, causes adrenaline to be released, heart rater to increase by 20 beats after only 2 cigarettes. B. Carbon Monoxide: a poisonous gas that quickly combines with hemoglobin.**This is a test question!!
C. Cilia: hair like structures projected from the mucous membrane of the air passages. D. Tar: residue formed when gases and particles of tobacco smoke condenses. E. Carcinogenic: Cancer causing agent
III. Cigarette Smoke A. Contains 4000 chemicals, including 43 that are known to cause cancer! B. Some additives in cigarettes, when heated to 880 degrees F become carcinogenic.
C. Chemicals 1. Cyanide – deadly poison 2. Formaldehyde – used to preserve organs and tissues taken from humans and animals 3. Methanol – wood alcohol 4. Acetylene – fuel used in torches 5. Ammonia – found in household cleaning products 6. Acetone – in paint remover 7. Nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide – poisonous gases 8. Nicotine – addictive drug, dewormer in large animals.
IV. Effects of Tobacco A. Just one cigarette: 1. Decreases your skin temperature 2. Obstructs the flow of blood and air into the lungs. 3. Increases heart rate: an extra 15-20 points. 4. Raises blood pressure: 10-20 points 5. Decreases control of hand to eye coordination.
B. Social effects: Bad breath Clothes smell Smokers cough Expensive $$$$$$$$ Yellow teeth Hair & nails brittle Loss of taste wrinkles
C. Physiological 1. Carbon Monoxide: Blood cells attach to it rather than oxygen. Oxygen levels go down and the heart has to work harder. 2. Smoker’s cough: Cilia damaged by chemicals, mucus can’t be moved through the lungs – makes you cough. 3. Nicotine Poisoning: Too many, too quickly – dizzy, fainting, clammy skin, vomiting, diarrhea.
4. Heart Disease: Overworks the heart 5. Blood Vessels: Chemicals cause them to constrict, heart must work harder, blood doesn’t get to the fingers and toes. 5. Adrenaline: Hormone in body, nicotine causes it to be released; feel nervous, tense, heart speeds up.
7. Lung Cancer: #1 cancer killer in the U.S.; smoking is responsible for 83% of lung cancer. 8. Bronchitis: Inflammation of the walls of the bronchi 9. Emphysema: Disease where air passages are constricted and air flow is reduced.
V. Stages of Addiction A. Pleasure smoker: social smoker – at parties, etc. B. Negative effects smokers: 1. Smokes to relieve stress 2. Psychological dependence: being dependent on something to the point of becoming emotionally upset without it.
C. Habitual smoker: 1. Addiction: Dependent upon the chemical 2. Physical dependence: person’s body has become dependent on the chemical. D. Heavy smoker: 1. chain smokes to keep enough nicotine in the blood stream 2 Withdrawal: discomfort and sickness that people suffer from when they stop taking a drug.
VI. Why do people start? A. Peer pressure B. Feel grown up C. Parents smoke D. Advertising E. Diet
Speeds up Nicotine stimulates adrenaline, Heart rate goes up. Dulls taste budsCancer ofLarynx &esophagus Chronic lung disease EmphysemaRaises heart beats Lung cancerConstricts bloodvessels - Heart attack UlcersCirrhosis Burning Reduces ability to processAdrenaline speeds up fluids & wastethe heart – increasesblood pressure Constricts vessels Heart attack Vertebral cancer CancerReduces sex drive Early onset ofIncreases impotence osteoporosisCervix cancer &miscarriages