L. Kohlberg (revised)

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Kohlberg\'s theory of moral development

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L. Kohlberg (revised)

  1. 1. Lawrence Kohlberg 1927- 1986 Psychologist Slide show prepared by Kathryn D. Creasy and Consuelo Bachelet
  2. 2. Biography <ul><ul><li>Born 1927 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grew up in Bronxville, New York. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High school at Andover Academy in Massachusetts (private, elite institution) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped transport refugees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>from parts of Europe to Israel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrolled at the University of Chicago in 1948. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Earned his degree in one year. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Worked in psychology in Chicago during his graduate years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became interested in the work of Jean Piaget. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revealed his stage theory of moral development for the first time in 1958 . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Began his teaching career at Harvard in 1968 . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He ended his life by drowning at the age of 59 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Moral Development Theory By Kohlberg 1st-level Pre-conventional morality 2nd- level Conventional morality 3rd- level Post-conventional morality
  5. 5. <ul><li>Stage 1: Obedience and </li></ul><ul><li>punishment orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Authority creates rules </li></ul><ul><li>Goal is to avoid </li></ul><ul><li>punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 2: Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>and exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Accepts </li></ul><ul><li>other points </li></ul><ul><li>of view </li></ul><ul><li>Returning </li></ul><ul><li>favors is </li></ul><ul><li>important </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 3: Good </li></ul><ul><li>interpersonal relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is to meet </li></ul><ul><li>expectations </li></ul><ul><li>of others </li></ul><ul><li>Friends, family, </li></ul><ul><li>community </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 4: Maintaining the </li></ul><ul><li>social order </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is on society at </li></ul><ul><li>large </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 5: Social contract </li></ul><ul><li>and individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Morality and rights take </li></ul><ul><li>prevalence over law. </li></ul><ul><li>Stage 6: Universal </li></ul><ul><li>principals </li></ul><ul><li>Few subjects reach </li></ul><ul><li>this stage. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus is the definition </li></ul><ul><li>of principals </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Stages do not unfold as consequence of maturation or socialization. </li></ul><ul><li>Stages unfold as individuals think about social experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>Stages unfold sequentially, but not all subjects reach the highest levels. </li></ul>Key points
  7. 7. Kohlberg’s Method <ul><li>Interviewed children at different stages of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Presented them with dilemmas , and asked them give a value judgment and explain. </li></ul><ul><li>Then, he asked others for validation. This is called interrater reliability . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Resources <ul><li>W.C. Crain. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall </li></ul><ul><li>Wenar, C. (1994.) Developmental Psychopathology: From Infancy Through </li></ul><ul><li>Adolescence (3rd ed.). McGraw-Hill, Inc </li></ul>

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