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Random Drug Testing In School


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Random Drug Testing In School

  1. 1. Should Random Drug Testing Be Mandatory in School? Karen
  2. 2. Thesis <ul><li>Random drug testing should not be mandatory unless there is prior justification. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a random drug test? <ul><li>Examination of urine, semen, blood, sweat, or oral fluid examples to determine the presence or absence of a specified drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a four step process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Screening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Confirmation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Who Conducts the tests? <ul><li>Laboratories all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>Not all reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Choose laboratory that detects drugs your searching for </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cost <ul><li>$10-$30 per test </li></ul><ul><li>Hair testing costs more </li></ul><ul><li>Onsite alcohol test between $1-$10 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Different Kinds of Tests <ul><li>Urinalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Hair </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat Patch </li></ul><ul><li>Oral fluids </li></ul>
  7. 7. Urine Test <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>Highest reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Least Expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Most flexible </li></ul><ul><li>Most likely to withstand legal challenge </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>Specimen can be altered or substituted </li></ul><ul><li>Limited detection window </li></ul><ul><li>Biological hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Viewed as embarrassing </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hair <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>Longer detection window </li></ul><ul><li>Does not deteriorate </li></ul><ul><li>Measure chronic drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Convenient shipping </li></ul><ul><li>More difficult to alter </li></ul><ul><li>Detects alcohol and cocaine </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>More expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Limited to basic 5-drug panel </li></ul><ul><li>Will not detect recent drug use </li></ul>
  9. 9. Sweat Patch <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>Non-invasive </li></ul><ul><li>Longer window of detection </li></ul><ul><li>No sample substitution possible </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>Limited number of labs </li></ul><ul><li>Passive exposure to drugs may contaminate </li></ul><ul><li>Some can’t wear the patch </li></ul>
  10. 10. Oral Fluids <ul><li>PROS </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal risk of tampering </li></ul><ul><li>Can detect alcohol use </li></ul><ul><li>Reflects recent drug use </li></ul><ul><li>CONS </li></ul><ul><li>Short detection period </li></ul><ul><li>Less efficient detecting marijuana </li></ul>
  11. 11. Beat the test <ul><li>Things people may add to beat the test are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bleach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vinegar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May drink a lot of water </li></ul>
  12. 12. False Positives <ul><li>Marijuana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ibuprofen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motrin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Midol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pamprin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cocaine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney disease (infection) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liver disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diabetes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amphetamine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Robitussin Cold and Flu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vicks inhaler </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opiate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poppy seeds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tylenol with codeine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vicodin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ecstasy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nyquil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sudafed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robitussin cold and flu </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Could it lead to worse habits? <ul><li>Could lead to worse drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Turn to drugs that are harder to test </li></ul><ul><li>Club drugs </li></ul>
  14. 14. Movie Debating Drug Testing
  15. 15. Should it be the parents responsibility? <ul><li>Most high school students are under the age of eighteen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Violates the fourth amendment by forcing search of person without a cause </li></ul></ul><ul><li>If the school is concerned parents should be notified and parents can take care of it. </li></ul>
  16. 16. School Atmosphere <ul><li>Telling students they assume they are using drugs until they prove otherwise </li></ul><ul><li>Not necessarily nervous of not passing but loss of dignity and trust </li></ul>
  17. 17. Distrust <ul><li>Promotes distrust </li></ul><ul><li>Want to teach honesty not distrust and accusing others </li></ul><ul><li>Turn against authority </li></ul><ul><li>To enforce random drug testing is to view them as guilty until proven innocent </li></ul>
  18. 18. Another Solution <ul><li>Extra-curricular activities </li></ul><ul><li>Try to enforce better parental relationships with there children </li></ul><ul><li>Child safety </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul>
  19. 19. Athletes <ul><li>Athletes should be tested </li></ul><ul><li>Also for steroids </li></ul><ul><li>More frequent </li></ul>
  20. 20. Teachers <ul><li>Usually need to pass one to get the job </li></ul><ul><li>If they can’t perform in the class properly then take drugs into consideration </li></ul>
  21. 21. Benefits of Drug testing <ul><li>Catch the students before they might hurt themselves or others. </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows (unless you tell) </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs are dangerous </li></ul><ul><li>Students that don’t brake the law don’t have to worry. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Works Cited National Institue on Drug Abuse . 27 May 2008 <>. Office of National Drug Control Policy . 27 May 2008 <>. Office of National Drug Control Policy. Administering the Test . 9 May 2008 <>. Quest Diagnostics . 27 May 2008 <>. Random Student Drug Testing . 27 May 2008 <>.