Availability for shared lesson plans from other teachers, textbooks or experts in the field
Use of multimedia to enhance learning experiences</li></li></ul><li>Research<br /><ul><li>SMART Technologies developed a solution to address this need in 1991 when it introduced the first Smart Board interactive whiteboard
The touch-sensitive display which functions as a computer and a mouse displays a computer image on the board. Users can control computer applications directly on the board.
The Smart Industry was founded by partners David Martin and Nancy Knowlton in 1987 originally a Canadian distributor for a U.S. projector company.
David Martin shares his idea for an interactive whiteboard on a drive through upstate New York. Smart Technologies was founded the next year.
SMART is the leading provider of interactive whiteboard and today owns 60% of the market share. </li></li></ul><li>Development<br /><ul><li>In 1991, no one knew about interactive whiteboards
Took substantial effort to inform people of product
There were low-speed modems, and unstable slow versions of operating systems running computers
Few graphic capabilities on computers in 1990’s
Formed an alliance with Intel in 1992 that resulted in joint product development
In 1998, creation of SMART meeting Pro Software</li></li></ul><li>Commercialization<br /><ul><li>Took much effort to market the product
Early years were filled with financial uncertainty
Alliance with Intel provided joint product development, joint marketing efforts and Intel’s equity ownership in SMART
Updated software in 1998 and launched new 500 series to simplify setup and ease of use.
Used in education for presentations but started to catch on in the classrooms in 1999.
Timeline of Innovation-Decision Process<br />For SMART board<br />Knowledge 1990’s<br />Decision<br />2001- 2011<br />Early Adopters were distance educators. Soon educators business people and government staff learned about new ways to use interactive SMART board. <br />Try out Smart board attend conferences; Either choose to adopt or reject . <br />Educators form attitudes about the use of Smart boards in the classroom<br />Persuasion<br />1995 - 2004<br />
Timeline of Innovation-Decision Process<br />Smart Board<br />Implementation<br />2006 - 2011<br />Districts try it out in a few classrooms.<br />Districts review research about how Smart boards have influenced teaching and learning. This process is on-going.<br />Confirmation<br />2006-2011<br />
Communication Channelslead to Decision<br /><ul><li>Interpersonal communication occurred between teachers who had adopted its use and those potential adopters
Social influence affected decision to adopt mostly because initially it required more skills and teacher training
A cosmopolite in the department visits conferences to become aware of its potential classroom use and shares with peers upon return
The department leader, principal or administrator endorses the innovation and persuades educators to try it</li></li></ul><li>Adoption Bell Curve…<br />
What are the attributes <br />Of the Innovator or the Early Adopter?<br />
Who exemplifies Innovators<br /> and Early Adopters <br />of the Smart Board ?<br />What persuaded <br />them to Adopt?<br />
Who are the Laggards that will reject Smart Boards?<br />Educators who are skeptical of its use.<br />Those who are resistant to change.<br />Those who do not have a desire to use technology.<br />Those who are content with lecture-style instruction.<br />Those who do not embrace interactive<br />Technology.<br />Those people who adopt are the last in their field.<br />
What Strategies will Help Laggards<br />Move towards adoption?<br />Early Adopters and Innovators can help persuade its use.<br />Demonstrate the relative advantage to its use by showing effects on student learning and current teacher attitudes.<br />Demonstrate its Compatibility to current theories in pedagogy.<br />Demonstrate its trialability by offering opportunities to try it out at small intervals.<br />Provide teacher training to show how to use it and allow time to develop lessons.<br />Most importantly, demonstrate its use in different educational settings showing diverse applications.<br />
Need to show it is Awesome!<br />Show it is effective for meeting needs of learners<br />Let everyone try it out and see what it can do!<br />Let innovators and early adopters present their lessons and demonstrate positive results<br />Provide hands-on training with follow-up question and answer time. Elect turn-key educators that can provide technological support<br />What Combination of Perceived Attributes would be Best for Helping Smart Boards Meet Critical Mass in the field of Education?...All of them!!<br />