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Disorders , psychology


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Disorders , psychology

  1. 1. Psychological Disorders By Katherine Colon
  2. 2. Abnormal Behavior <ul><li>What one individual may perceive as abnormal behavior to them is something that is strange and out of the ordinary or unusual. You are not completely incorrect. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Abnormal behavior refers to actions,thoughts,and feelings that are distressing or harmful to the person or to others.” Lahey tenth edition </li></ul><ul><li>With a mental evaluation on an individuals actions and behavior that is abnormal along with the duration of time and the harmful affects it is having on the individual or others will determine abnormal behavior and may need to be dealt with by the psychiatrist with therapy and possible medication to help the individual. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anxiety Disorders <ul><li>Every individual experiences anxiety, nervousness,scared, worried through out their life. Depending on the situation at hand but that does not mean they have an anxiety disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different forms of anxiety that with out treatment from a physician on ways to help control it can make an individual very unstable. </li></ul><ul><li>Women experience anxiety disorders more than men do. The kinds of anxiety disorders vary as 29% of Americans will experience an anxiety disorder at some point and time in their life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Panic Anxiety Disorder <ul><li>Some people can develop a panic anxiety disorder which involves a form of panic, which can happen even while a person is calm for a long period of time. Rapid heart beats and respiration can develop along with sweating, they may think he/ she is going crazy because it is happening so suddenly to them. </li></ul><ul><li>If these attacks are becoming very frequent for the individual they will need to seek help as it is interrupting their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Current theory suggests that panic attacks are non specific responses to stress. It can happen with out a direct trigger like in a calming situation. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Somatoform Disorders <ul><li>Some people state to have physical problems that are really more psychological than physical. That is a Somatoform Disorder the person is not “faking” it as they truly believe they are in pain a psychological problem has taken the form of a physical problem in a sense. </li></ul><ul><li>There are four different types of Somatoform Disorders: </li></ul><ul><li>Somatization Disorders, Hypochondriasis, conversion disorder, somatoform pain disorders they are all very similar with slight differences in each. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conversion Disorder <ul><li>Conversion disorders are there rarest and most dramatic of Somatoform disorders, symptoms like blindness, deafness, fainting,seizures and paralysis can occur. To better understand consider this: </li></ul><ul><li>“ A 22 year old man was complaining of night blindness and failing vision. The onset of his symptoms seemed closely related to his </li></ul><ul><li>difficulties with a girlfriend who lived some miles away from his home. In order to visit her he was to drive at night which was made impossible by his night blindness. Soon after the relationship was broken and the girlfriend became engaged to someone else visual acuity improved and the visual fields showed on slight contraction.” Lahey tenth edition pg. 484 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dissociative Disorder <ul><li>Dissociative disorders deal with rare sudden alterations in cognition. There are four kinds of dissociative disorders depersonalization, dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue,dissociative identity disorder </li></ul><ul><li>There are various types that deal with change in perception,identity or memory. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Depersonalization <ul><li>Depersonalization is when an individuals perception of their body or a body part has become “unreal” or that distortions have occurred in ones surroundings. </li></ul><ul><li>For example the individual may feel like a robot, or may feel they have enlarged feet, or that there little brother is not real. </li></ul><ul><li>The individual knows that what they are thinking or feeling is not true. </li></ul><ul><li>These experiences are not considered abnormal unless they are accompanied by other problems or become recurrent to the point of becoming uncomfortable. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mood Disorders <ul><li>Depression and mania are the two different types of mood disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>Depression can occur alone ( major depression) or mania which alternates with periods of depression it is not as constant ( bipolar disorder) Both conditions can become very serious where an individual will need medication to help stabilize their moods. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Bipolar Disorder <ul><li>Bipolar disorder formerly called manic-depressive psychosis has periods of mania which occur irregularly with periods of sever depression. </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar disorder can become very serious, during these periods one may go on shopping sprees, act completely out of the ordinary, for example if one is normally quite and an introvert may become the opposite and very talkative, and restless. </li></ul><ul><li>“ When mania is recurrent, it usually alternates irregularly with episodes of depression.” Lahey tenth edition pg 492 </li></ul><ul><li>To determine bipolar disorder one will need to undergo a thorough examination to identify or rule out physical causes for the symptoms. Anti psychotic drugs and anti anxiety drugs which can be used to stabilize mood as well as anti depressant medications can prove to be helpful for people who are bipolar. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Schizophrenia <ul><li>Schizophrenia is a psychological disorder involving delusions and hallucinations, reduced enjoyment, and disorganization. </li></ul><ul><li>Scizophrenia is an uncommon disorder that affects about %1 of the general population men are %30 more likely than women to be affected by schizophrenia. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Schizophrenia (continued) <ul><li>Both genetic and environmental are factors that can cause schizophrenia, schizophrenia is strongly influenced by genetic factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia is a broad class of psychotic disorders and not just one disorder. It is broken down into three different sub types Paranoid Schizophrenia, Disorganized schizophrenia, Catatnic Schizophrenia. </li></ul><ul><li>With diagnosing Schizophrenia CT scans of the head and other imaging techniques may find some changes that occur with schizophrenia and may rule out other disorders. </li></ul><ul><li>Antipsychotic medications are the most effective treatment for schizophrenia. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain and can help control the symptoms of the illness. </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Lahey Tenth Edition </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> ( for images) </li></ul>