The Nature of the Learner- The learner is an embodied spirit. He is the union of sentient body and a rational soul. His body experiences sensations and feels pleasure and pain. His soul is the principle of spiritual acts, the source of intellectual abstraction, self-reflection, and free rational volition. Body and soul exist in mutual dependence. (Kelly, 1965)
The Fundamental Equipment of the LearnerThe learner has the power to see, hear, touch,smell, taste, perceive, imagine, retain, recall,recognize past mental acts, conceive ideas,make judgment, reason out, feel and choose.
Five Elements of the Learner1. Ability The students’ native ability dictates the prospects of success in purposeful activity. It determine their capacity to understand and assimilate information for their own use and application.
2. Aptitude Aptitude refers to the students’ innate talent or gift. It indicates a natural capacity to learn certain skills.
3. Interest Learners vary in activities that are undertaken due to a strong appeal or attraction.
4. Family & Cultural Background Students who come from different socioeconomic background manifest a wide range behaviour due
5. Attitudes Students have unique way of thinking and reacting. Confronted with the same situation in the learning environment each one would react differently depending on their personal characteristics.
Howard Gardner Howard Earl Gardner (born July 11, 1943 is an American developmental psychologist who is a professor of Cognition and Education at Harvard University ,Senior Director of Harvard Project Zero and author of over twenty books translated into thirty languages. Since 1995, he has been the co- director of the Good Work Project. He is best known for his theory of Multiple Intelligence