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Lazar social group work in psw


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Bhoomika Trust's StepOne - Social Work interventions for persons with disability, to facilitate employment opportunity

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Lazar social group work in psw

  1. 1. SOCIAL GROUP WORK IN PSYCHIATRIC SOCIAL WORK Presented by K.C.Lazar December 2008 [email_address]
  2. 2. DEFINING DISABILITY <ul><li>According to the World Health Organization, “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity” </li></ul><ul><li>Impairment is defined as “any loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological or anatomical structure or function”, e.g. loss of foot, defective vision or mental retardation </li></ul> [email_address]
  3. 3. DEFINING DISABILITY <ul><li>Disability has been defined as any restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being. </li></ul><ul><li>Handicap is defined as a disadvantage for a given individual, resulting from impairment or a disability that limits or prevents the fulfillment of a role that is normal (depending on age, sex and social and cultural factors) for that individual”. </li></ul> [email_address]
  4. 4. REHABILITATION <ul><li>WHO had defined rehabilitation as, “the combined and coordinated use of medical, social, educational and vocational measures for training and retraining the individual to the highest possible level of functional ability” </li></ul><ul><li>It is a holistic approach aimed at reducing the impact of disabling and handicapping conditions and at enabling the disabled and handicapped to achieve social integration </li></ul> [email_address]
  5. 5. DIMENSIONS OF REHABILITATION <ul><li>Rehabilitation process involves working at 4 levels </li></ul><ul><li>Medical rehabilitation - restoration of function </li></ul><ul><li>Social rehabilitation – restoration of family and social relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational rehabilitation – restoration of capacity to earn a livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological rehabilitation – restoration of personal dignity and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Psychiatric Social Worker is involved in the social, vocational and psychological rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul> [email_address]
  6. 6. STATISTICS ON DISABILITY <ul><li>10% of the world’s population, which is approximately 650 million people, of which 200 million children experience some form of disability. WHO estimates </li></ul><ul><li>In India 4% - 8% of the population, i.e. 40 to 80 million persons </li></ul><ul><li>The 2007 World Bank report “People with disabilities in India: From Commitments to Outcome” </li></ul> [email_address]
  7. 7. EMPLOYMENT AMONG PERSONS WITH DISABILITY <ul><li>Large majority of persons with disability in India are capable of productive work </li></ul><ul><li>Despite this fact, the employment rate of disabled population is lower (about 60 percent on average) than the general population, with the gap widening in the 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>3% reservation of the PWD Act has also failed to materialize </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector initiatives to provide jobs have had only very marginal impact </li></ul> [email_address]
  8. 8. BHOOMIKA TRUST’S STEPONE <ul><li>One month work experience opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>For persons with disability </li></ul><ul><li>There is no job guarantee in this program </li></ul><ul><li>The employer would take the decision on employing them at the end of one month </li></ul><ul><li>If the candidate is able to prove that he/she will be an asset for the organization, there is an increased opportunity for getting job </li></ul> [email_address]
  9. 9. NEED FOR GROUP WORK <ul><li>Their first experience at work </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety of working in a new environment </li></ul><ul><li>Working with new a set of people who have little understanding of their impairment posses its own challenges. </li></ul><ul><li>Individual difference to adjust well to the situation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual with low self esteem find it difficult during their initial phase of the program, might drop-out </li></ul><ul><li>Need emotional support and reassurance </li></ul> [email_address]
  10. 10. SOCIAL GROUP WORK <ul><li>According to Konopka, </li></ul><ul><li>Social Group Work is a method of Social Work which helps the individuals to enhance their social functioning through purposeful group experiences and to cope more effectively with their personal, group or community problems. </li></ul> [email_address]
  11. 11. OBJECTIVES OF GROUP WORK <ul><li>Group Workers are interested in furthering the social adjustment of the individuals and in developing the social consciousness of the group </li></ul><ul><li>It is an objective of the group work to help individuals develop their capacities and participate intelligently in the groups </li></ul> [email_address]
  12. 12. OBJECTIVES OF GROUP WORK <ul><li>Group work provides experiences that are relaxing and give individuals a chance to create, to share and to express themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Group Work enriches community life when individuals learn how to take responsibility for their own behaviour and how to become participating members of the society </li></ul> [email_address]
  13. 13. PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL GROUP WORK <ul><li>According to Trecker </li></ul><ul><li>The principles of planned group formation </li></ul><ul><li>The principles of specific objectives </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of purposeful worker-group relationship </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of continuous individualization </li></ul> [email_address]
  14. 14. PRINCIPLES OF SOCIAL GROUP WORK <ul><li>The principle of guided group interactions </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of democratic group self -determination </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of flexible functional organization </li></ul><ul><li>The principle of progressive program experience </li></ul> [email_address]
  15. 15. TARGET GROUP <ul><li>Persons with disability who voluntarily participate in the StepOne program </li></ul><ul><li>Despite their best attempts, have been unsuccessful in getting employment </li></ul><ul><li>Have been discriminated due to their disability </li></ul> [email_address]
  16. 16. PURPOSE OF THE GROUP WORK SESSIONS <ul><li>To enable the candidate to share and learn from one another </li></ul><ul><li>Through the facilitation provided by the Group Worker, </li></ul><ul><li>To increase their chance of getting employed </li></ul> [email_address]
  17. 17. DURING THE 2 HOUR SESSION <ul><li>Social Worker </li></ul><ul><li>Explains the program for new comers </li></ul><ul><li>On how it differs from a typical placement agency </li></ul><ul><li>On job guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>Stipend </li></ul><ul><li>Work experience certificate </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul> [email_address]
  18. 18. DURING THE 2 HOUR SESSION <ul><li>Mentoring by senior members </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On what happened to them during that one month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the reaction of other colleagues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenges during the initial 2 weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How they handled the situation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How things have gradually changed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How their responsibility has increased </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How the candidate should conduct themselves during that period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for being pro-active </li></ul></ul> [email_address]
  19. 19. STEPONE - 14 TH GROUP WORK SESSION IN PROGRESS AT LOYOLA COLLEGE, SOCIAL WORK DEPARTMENT Group Worker explaining StepOne Resource person Mr.Vardakutty – on what the industry expects [email_address]
  20. 20. DURING THE 2 HOUR SESSION <ul><li>Resource persons from the industry – </li></ul><ul><li>On what is expected of them </li></ul><ul><li>How to upgrade their skills </li></ul><ul><li>Avenues for employment </li></ul><ul><li>Members discuss – on work specific issues </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dealing with colleagues / supervisors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improving productivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Salary negotiation </li></ul></ul></ul> [email_address]
  21. 21. BHOOMIKA TRUST’S STEPONE GROUP WORK SESSIONS <ul><li>Are held on the 2 nd and 4 th Sunday’s of the month </li></ul><ul><li>From 10:00 am to 12:00 Noon </li></ul><ul><li>At Loyola College, Chennai </li></ul><ul><li>Normally about 20 to 30 persons participate </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated by a Social Worker </li></ul> [email_address]
  23. 23. STEPONE LATEST UPDATE <ul><li>Between October 2007 and December 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>49 persons were provided StepOne’s one month work experience opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>37 of them were employed by the organizations which gave them the opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Self-esteem of participants enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>Members feel more confident in work situations </li></ul><ul><li>Successful candidates sponsor another candidate, ensuring sustainability of the program </li></ul> [email_address]