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Personality chapter 5 - 6


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Personality chapter 5 - 6

  1. 1. Chapter 12<br />Psychoanalysis After Freud: Neo-Freudians, Object Relations and Current Research<br />
  2. 2. Alfred Adler Individual Psychology<br />Focused on Social Interest – desire to relate positively and productively<br />1. Striving for superiority – motivating force of life<br /> Negative effect – Inferiority Complex<br />2. Parental Influence – placed greater emphasis than Freud on role of parents in early personality development<br />3. Birth Order – First to emphasize in the shaping of personality<br />
  3. 3. Erik Erikson Ego Psychology<br />Concept of ego – Principle function is to establish and maintain identity<br />Identity – complex inner state that includes sense of individuality and uniqueness as well as sense of wholeness and continuity with past and future<br />Eight Stages of Man:<br />Trust vs. Mistrust<br />Autonomy vs. Self-doubt<br />Initiative vs. Guilt<br />Industry vs. Inferiority<br />Identity vs. Role Confusion<br />Intimacy vs. Isolation<br />Generativity vs. Stagnation<br />Integrity vs. Despair<br />
  4. 4. Karen Horney Feminine Psychology<br />Described psychological health and neurosis<br />Three general interacting styles:<br />Moving toward people<br />Moving against people<br />Moving away from people<br />Electra Complex<br />
  5. 5. Carl Jung Analytical Psychology<br />Differed from Freud in important ways:<br /> Disagreed about sex (libido) as life force<br /> Focused on interpersonal aspects<br /> Spiritual and mystical matters<br />Jung believed in a connection to the inner rhythm of the universe : “synchronicity”<br />Transcendental experiences<br />Collective Unconscious<br />
  6. 6. Jung - Collective Unconscious<br />Result of the history of the human race – we as a species share memories and ideas – most are unconscious<br />The fundamental images of the collective unconscious are archetypes<br />
  7. 7. Jung - Archetypes<br />Images that are at the core of how we think about the world both consciously and unconsciously<br />Sometimes disguised behind symbols, show up in dreams, thoughts, mythology – all over the world – repeatedly!<br />
  8. 8. Jung - Archetype of the Anima and Animus<br /> Anima Animus<br /> Female Male<br />Held in the Held in the<br />mind of the male mind of the female<br />
  9. 9. Jung - Persona<br />Social mask we wear in public<br />Persona is always a false self<br />(Sociology and social psychology – similar)<br />How we relate to objects and our belief about objects<br />Danger – may come to identify with persona too much and lose self<br />
  10. 10. Jung - Types<br />Jung was interested in determining individual differences in personality<br />Two distinct attitudes:<br /> 1. Person who draws back (Introversion)<br /> 2. Person who goes forth (Extroversion)<br />More than two types of people:<br /> Ways of Thinking:<br />Sensation<br />Intuition<br />Thinking<br />Feeling<br />
  11. 11. Questions to ponder:<br />Why might someone buy a vehicle like a Humvee? Is it possible the person may or may not know all the reasons they bought this vehicle? <br />Describe an example of an advertisement that seem to target hidden motives for buying something.<br />Are people who are your parents/grandparents age still growing and changing? How?<br />Have you noticed the same character types showing up in films and books? Does Jung’s idea of the collective unconscious have anything to do with this?<br />