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This paper defines vision for a farm of tomorrow and adoption of knowledge management system in the farm, which still has to be designed and developed by common farms and also farms of the future. The main focus of this vision is on integration among different levels of farm management systems and on requirements designed from analyses of external drivers. They will have a big influence on farm production in the future; using knowledge management and direction on future agriculture development in crop production. The report defines three levels of farm management. The proposed architecture is based on communication of interoperable services, Service Oriented Architecture (SOA), for easy integration of different levels and components of farm management. The most important decision has to be provided by decision supporting system on the farm level. New methods of knowledge management are demonstrated on pilot models implemented on the base of Future Farm vision by the COIN project. As political consequences and conclusion is current working document Cologne agenda prepared as a basis for future activities supported by agriXchange initiative.

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  1. 1. VISION FOR A FARM OF TOMORROW OR RURAL AREA OF TOMORROW Karel Charvat, Pavel Gnip, Premysl Vohnout, Karel Charvat jr .
  2. 2. Experiences and results based on: 11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011 and also some personal experiences
  3. 3. Agriculture and R ural are changing <ul><li>The agriculture sector is a unique sector due to its strategic importance for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>both citizens (consumers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economy (regional and global) </li></ul></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  4. 4. Farming products <ul><li>Basic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food – cereals, fruits, vegetables,.. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy - (yes or not?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Services – tourisms, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public goods – environment, landscape. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social goods – employment in rural areas </li></ul></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  5. 5. External drivers <ul><li>Climate changes </li></ul><ul><li>Demographic (Growing population, Urbanisation and land abandonment) </li></ul><ul><li>Energy cost </li></ul><ul><li>New demands on quality of food (Food quality and safety, Aging population and health problems Ethnical and cultural changes) </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  6. 6. External drivers <ul><li>Innovative drivers (Knowledge based bio economy, Research and development, Information and communication, Education, Investment) </li></ul><ul><li>Policies (Subsidies, Standardisation and regulation, National strategies for rural development) </li></ul><ul><li>Economy (Economical instruments, Partnerships, Cooperation and Integration and voluntary agreements) </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  7. 7. External drivers <ul><li>Sustainability and environmental issue (Valuation of ecological performances, Development of sustainable agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Public opinion (Press, International Organisation, Politicians) </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  8. 8. Opposite requirements <ul><li>Food quality and safety versus Food requirements for growing population </li></ul><ul><li>Growing requirements for food versus Renewable energy production technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable production energy demand versus Demand on more environmentally friendly production </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  9. 9. Role of knowledge management systems <ul><li>The objective of knowledge management is to help farmers to be competitive on the market in the sense of </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>required products, quality and amount, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to react on changes on the market </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>political changes and changes of related rules, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to respect requirements about environment protection, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>climatologically changes. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>It is also important to produce with the long term goal of farm sustainability. </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  10. 10. Levels of information <ul><li>Macro level, which includes management of external information, for example about market, subsidies system, weather prediction, global market and traceability systems, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Farm level, which include for example economical systems, crop rotation, decision supporting system </li></ul><ul><li>Field level including precision farming, collection of information about traceability and in the future also robotics. </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  11. 11. Levels of information s 11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  12. 12. What are current research focus and what are main influence <ul><li>Currently research in developed World is mainly focused on field level, eventually farm level </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In practice, it could influenced farm profit in range of 30 percent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Possibilities to use macro level or external information could influence farmers profitability in hundreds percent </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For example right selection of crops etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>So it is evident, that focus has to be in future on work with external information </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  13. 13. Cologne declaration <ul><li>Defined key objectives for the agri-food and rural Digital Agenda for 2020; </li></ul><ul><li>Support for the development of future internet technologies and the internet of things; </li></ul><ul><li>Support for social networking to reach consensus about future environmental, economical and social priorities of agri-food and rural strategies; </li></ul><ul><li>The initiation of a continuous e-conference of all stakeholders to define a clear future strategy and priorities; </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  14. 14. Cologne declaration <ul><li>Support for new ICT and knowledge-based solutions supporting the development of future generations of rural businesses; </li></ul><ul><li>Support the development of knowledge technologies to guarantee, in the future, high quality food production; </li></ul><ul><li>Open public discussion on how to solve future problems and to secure food production versus the production of energy and environmental benefits. </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  15. 15. Cologne declaration <ul><li>Full text you can read on </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or you can discuss it with us on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  16. 16. Farming as social networking <ul><li>Future agriculture and rural sector could be consider as a network of interacting organisations </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011 “ Informal” environment (IE) Farmer Friends Neighbours Community <ul><li>Personal attributes: </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Age.. </li></ul><ul><li>Farm characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Farm size </li></ul><ul><li>Crops </li></ul><ul><li>Soils.. </li></ul>… Family Colleagues Management firms Farmer union Market … Consultants Agri. policy Communication Cooperation 7
  17. 17. Farming as social networking <ul><li>Focus on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>communication (important actors, media used) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cooperation (among farmers, to the wider agricultural sector) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subcontractors (PF farm operations, outsourcing of data analysis) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influence of farm on forms of C&C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of “data synergies” for adoption </li></ul></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  18. 18. COIN Open Agriculture Services <ul><li>Open Agriculture Service (OAS) is to improve collaboration among farming sector. The solution is based on currently used Software as a Service (SaaS) services platform Prefarm </li></ul><ul><li>The Prefarm platform is currently used mainly for preparing recommendations for variable fertilisation. The solution also currently supports only static collaboration relation. </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  19. 19. COIN contribution <ul><li>Two services as the most suitable use cases for the COIN projects have been identified: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tactical planning for next seasons and during season - the main goal of tactical planning is to recommend optimal production and land use to maximize expected profit – the methods of mathematical and economical modelling are used </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Search for provider of machineries - the main purpose of Search for provider of machineries use case is to enable farmer to search for machinery providers in his region. Some farmers can act in both roles on supply side as machinery provider and in other case on demand side as customer. </li></ul></ul></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  20. 20. African reality <ul><li>African rural community interaction is better then interaction of rural community inside of Europe – this is advantage in comparison with Europe (my personal experiences with rural tourism) </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantage generally is communication infrastructure. Currently is available relatively well developed mobile communication infrastructure, but basic internet infrastructure is on lower level (there are also big differences among countries inside of Africa) </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  21. 21. African reality <ul><li>It is necessary to be focused on hybrid solution combining classical internet solution with communication using mobile telephones </li></ul><ul><li>It is necessary to be focused on training, dissemination, ICT take up, presentation of best practicies </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  22. 22. NaturNet Portal 11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  23. 23. NaturNet Portal 11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention <ul><li>www. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>11 - 13.5.2011 IST - AFRICA 2011