Ist africa2012 alert system in case of excess drawing of ground water_1

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Ist africa2012 alert system in case of excess drawing of ground water_1

  1. 1. Alert system in case of excess drawing of ground water Karel Charvat, Zbynek Krivanek, Marek Musil, Jan Jezek, Michal Kepka, Premysl Vohnout Czech Centre for Science and Society, Czech Republic Maris Alberts Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of LatviaSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  2. 2. Objective • The presentation describes common research of Czech centre for Science and Society (as part of projects EnviroGrids@BlackSea and VLIT NODE) and Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science of the University of Latvia and Institute of Electronics and Computer Science (as part of the project Long Range Wireless Sensor Network Development for Precision Farming Applications) and it is in some way continuation of presentation VLITE NODE – New sensors solution for farming from the last IST AfricaSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  3. 3. Collection of agro meteorological informationSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  4. 4. Collection of agro meteorological informationSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  5. 5. VLIT requirements • Very low complexity elementary sensors, associated with a low power consumption and low- cost • High reliability of the decision /estimation/ measurement of the network as a whole • Long network life-time for low maintenance and stand-alone operation • High scalabilitySession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  6. 6. VLIT technology • Working frequency - 868.0 – 868.6 MHz • Distance between nodes - In the line-of-sight: at least 200m in any weather conditions, at least 800 m in ideal weather conditions • Communication support - At least Point-to-point, Point-to-multipoint, multi – hopping • Institute of Electronics and Computer Science is developing robust and user friendly WSN open source operating system • Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science is working on hardware implementation of the next generation of VLIT nodeSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  7. 7. VLIT technology • Technology supports - wireless networking (with corresponding operating system), data collection, data processing at least on calculation of simple operations level, data transmission • Battery Lifetime of Node - 6 months – 5 years (depending on battery size and type of communication)Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  8. 8. VLIT NODE as concentrator • At least one node in network must act as so called “concentrator”. This node collects all data from network and forwards them to the upstanding system (RS485 bus).Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  9. 9. New development • Technology is being extended : IMCS in cooperation with IECS is developing a new WSN operation system Prepare open software interface based on OGC SOS standard for easy integration with other data • New application domainSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  10. 10. Application domainSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  11. 11. Application domainSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  12. 12. ArchitectureSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  13. 13. SensLog • Observations & Measurements (O&M) – The general models and XML encodings for sensor observations and measurements. • Sensor Model Language (SensorML) – The general models and XML schema for describing sensors and processes associated with measurement. • Transducer Markup Language (TML) – General characterizations of transducers, their data, the phenomenon, transporting the data, and any and all support data (metadata) necessary for later processing and understanding of the transducer data. • Sensor Observation Service (SOS) – The service provides an API for managing deployed sensors and retrieving sensor data (observations).Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  14. 14. SensLog • SOS provides access to observations from sensors and sensor systems in a standard. The same way is used for any type of sensor systems. It can be remote sensing, in-situ, fixed and mobile sensors. SOS leverages the O&M specification for modelling observations and the TML and SensorML specifications for modelling sensors and sensor systems. SOS is primarily designed to provide access to observations. In SensLog we are mainly focused on publication of observation in standard form for consumers of observation. It could be analytical modules, view client etc.Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  15. 15. SensLog • SensLog is currently published as Open Source under GPL licenceSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  16. 16. SensLog HsLayers clientSession 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  17. 17. Human sensors concept • Currently more and more often is mentioned the so-called principle of “People as Sensors” (also “human sensors”). This means that “human observations” can be part of real-time Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) and serve as input to spatial decision-making processes. Such type of observation could be the part of the GEOSS and GMES infrastructures.Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  18. 18. Human sensors concept • In the pilot implementation of project we decide include human observation using Android operating system integrating different sensing possibilities like photos or measurement as part of standard Sensor Enablement Infrastructure to support such operation like semi-automated quality assurance, sensor fusion, standardised alerting (including Complex Processing) and integration of different Volunteered Geographic Information as part of EnviroGrids infrastructure.Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  19. 19. Results • Poor implementation of Sensor Observation Server and client for Sensor Observation, which are now two independent components. The first is published as Open Source under name SensLog, the second is part of HSLayers (also Open Source product). This allows integration of both components with other modules. SensLog is able to transform heterogeneous observation into interoperable form of SOS. It allows to access heterogeneous measurements by analytical modules including GRIS application trough SOS. The condition is including the SOS client as part of this solution. The SOS client is the first example of client allowing visualisation of sensor measurements including dynamic graphs.Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  20. 20. Results • The implementation of complex solution as part of URM, which could demonstrate with heterogeneous sensors the possibility of accessing sensor measurements based on given requirements, their analysis and visualisation. They are implemented on concrete pilot case as examples. The pilot case could be extended to any regions of the project, but could be also easily modified for different types of monitoring. This technology could be easily modified also for African purposes.Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS
  21. 21. Follow us on www.envirogrids.cz http://www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=3374617&trk=myg_ugrp_ovr http://www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=4350839&trk=myg_ugrp_ovr http://www.facebook.com/pages/EnviroGRIDS/150917451599500Session 10f, 11 May 2012 IST-Africa 2012 Copyright 2012 CCSS

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