CHAPTER 1: ScienceLearning Past/Present             Karina Verduzco
Scientific Evolvment
   U.S. students fare poorly – peers of other Countries   Large achievement gap: majority students- economically    disa...
   1950-1960s 1st federal foray of summer institutes’ &    curriculum development projects   1970 challenges raised thro...
   Cold War: scientific productivity essential to security    and federal spending on rise   Goal was to broaden/deepen ...
   NSF curricula called for “active learner”, engaged    hands on activities   Process skills: making    observations, m...
   Learning Cycle: * explore concept (lab    exp)*conceptual convention st/t derive from data    during classroom discuss...
   RR- 20 yr decline in K-12 science/math; direct harm    of American economy/ standard living   Standards:    content, ...
   Progressed since first NSF Curriculum   Since 1960s philosophers have challenged “what is    science, how doe it oper...
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Chapter 1 Second Book

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Chapter 1 Second Book

  1. 1. CHAPTER 1: ScienceLearning Past/Present Karina Verduzco
  2. 2. Scientific Evolvment
  3. 3.  U.S. students fare poorly – peers of other Countries Large achievement gap: majority students- economically disadvantaged- Non Asian minority persist Trends in achievement; deadline of NLCB NCLB- state level assessments 2007-2008 for Science In the end: Concerned effort to examine and improve Science EducationAfter 15 yrs……
  4. 4.  1950-1960s 1st federal foray of summer institutes’ & curriculum development projects 1970 challenges raised through programs NSF sponsored teacher development.. Ceased to operate 1980s policy makers examine K-12 rates, declare nation “ at risk”! Increase high school requirements in science Crises continue to influenceHistorical Context
  5. 5.  Cold War: scientific productivity essential to security and federal spending on rise Goal was to broaden/deepen the understanding of scientific knowledge, inquiry, institutions NSF 1964 sponsored 20 K-12 projects Physical Science Committee, Earth Science Curriculum Study, ChemstudyLegacy Science Reform
  6. 6.  NSF curricula called for “active learner”, engaged hands on activities Process skills: making observations, measurements, hypothesis, designing and carrying out experiments Science Curriculum Improvement Study->
  7. 7.  Learning Cycle: * explore concept (lab exp)*conceptual convention st/t derive from data during classroom discussion * concept application 1960s reform mixed, curricula pushed educators, proved to be more complex and overall underestimated students: prior knowledge, ideas, impact of st/t inquiry, challenge improving science
  8. 8.  RR- 20 yr decline in K-12 science/math; direct harm of American economy/ standard living Standards: content, instruction, assessment, professional development 2 Guiding Frameworks : Benchmarks for Science Literacy, National Education StandardsEmergence of Standards-basedReform
  9. 9.  Progressed since first NSF Curriculum Since 1960s philosophers have challenged “what is science, how doe it operate?” Scholars: social/ technical New emergences: geophysics, nanoscience, computational biology E.G- automobile repairs such as gas compression, combustion now governed by micro comp Background knowledge used to apply new knowledgeRecent Development in Science

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