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  1. 1. The Indian Police Service (Devanāgarī:, Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā), simply known as Indian Police or IPS, isone of the three All India Services of the Government of India.[4] In 1948, a year after India gainedindependence from Britain, the Imperial Police (IP) was replaced by the Indian Police Service. The IPS isnot a law enforcement agency in its own right; rather it is the body to which all senior police officersbelong regardless of the agency for whom they work.ObjectivesThe First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1865, contained detailed guidelines forthe desired system of police in India and defined police as a governmental department tomaintain order, enforce the law, and prevent and detect crime. The Indian Police Service is not aforce itself but a service providing leaders and commanders to staff the state police and all-IndiaPara-Military Forces. Its members, who are all at least university graduates, are the seniorofficers of the police. With the passage of time Indian Police Services objectives were updatedand redefined, the roles and functions of an Indian Police Service Officer are as follows:[5]  To fulfill duties based on broader responsibilities, in the areas of maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention, investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security, counter-terrorism, border policing, railway policing, tackling smuggling, drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public life, disaster management, enforcement of socio- economic legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.Armored vehicles and personnel of the Mumbai Police Force.
  2. 2. Greater Chennai Police patrol car.  Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigations (CBI), Crime Investigation Department (CID) etc., Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, Civil and Armed Police Forces in all the states and union territories.  Leading and commanding the Para-Military Forces of India (PMF) which include the Central Police Organisations (CPO) and Central Paramilitary Forces (CPF) such as Border Security Force (BSF), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), National Security Guard (NSG), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Vigilance Organisations, Indian Federal Law Enforcement Agencies.  Serve at head of the departments in policy making in the Ministries and Departments of Central and State Governments and public sector undertakings both at centre and states, Government of India.  To interact and coordinate closely with the members of other All India Services and Central Civil Services and also with the Indian Armed Forces primarily with the elite Indian Army.  Last but not the least, to lead and command the force with courage, uprightness, dedication and a strong sense of service to the people.  Endeavour to inculcate in the police forces under their command such values and norms as would help them serve the people better.  Inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of people in a fast-changing social and economic milieu, respect for human rights, broad liberal perspective of law and justice and high standard of professionalism.[ ] HistoryMuch before the Independence, superior police officers belonging to the Imperial Police (IP)were appointed by the Secretary of State on the basis of competitive examination. The very firstopen civil service examination for the service was held in England in June, 1893 and the top tencandidates were appointed as probationers of the Indian (Imperial) Police. However, it is notpossible to pinpoint a date on which it could positively be claimed that the Indian Police cameinto being. In around 1907, the Secretary of State’s officers were directed to wear the letters "IP"on their epaulettes to distinguish them from the other officers not recruited by the Secretary ofState. In this sense, 1907 could be regarded as the starting point for the Indian Police.[1][ ] Reforms ordered by the Supreme Court (1996-2006)Prakash Singh, one of the former Director Generals of Police of the states of Assam andsubsequently Uttar Pradesh and finally Director General of the Border Security Force, initiated a
  3. 3. Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the Supreme Court of India, asking the court to investigatemeasures to reform the police forces across India to ensure the proper rule of law and improvesecurity across India.[6]Several measures were identified as necessary to professionalize the police in India:  A mid or high ranking police officer must not be transferred more frequently than every two years.  The state government cannot ask the police force to hire someone, nor can they choose the Chief Commissioner.  There must be separate departments and staff for investigation and patrolling.Three new authorities will be created in each state, to prevent political interference in the policeand also to make the police accountable for their heavy-handedness,[7] which will include thecreation of:  A State Security Commission for policies and direction  A Police Establishment Board, which will decide the selection, promotions and transfers of police officers and other staff  A Police Complaints Authority, to inquire into allegations of police misconduct.In 2006, due to a lack of action by all the state governments in India, the Supreme Court of Indiaordered the state governments to report to it why the reform measures outlined were notimplemented.[8] After being questioned in front of the judges of the Supreme Court of India, thestate governments are finally starting to reform the police forces and give them the operationalindependence they need for fearless and proper law enforcement.[9][ ] Cadre strengthThe authorized cadre strength of Indian Police Service is 4720. (3270 Direct Recruitment Postsand 1450 Promotional Posts).[10][ ] Examination and TrainingNational Police Memorial New Delhi
  4. 4. To serve in the IPS one has to be elevated from the state cadre or top the rigorous Civil ServicesExamination conducted by Union Public Service Commission every year which is a commonexamination for selection to All India Services, including various other Group A and Group Bservices of Central Government.[11]Civil Services Examination has a three stage competitive selection process. At stage one, there isan objective type examination called the preliminary exam. This is a qualifying examination. Itconsists of General Studies & aptitude test. Only the candidates who clear this, can appear for thenext stage called the Main examination which consists of nine papers. Each candidate has toselect two optional subjects, apart from which all candidates have to take a General Studies,Essay and compulsory language paper and English paper. This is followed by an interview.After selection for the IPS, candidates are allocated their Cadres. There is one cadre in eachIndian state, except for three joint cadres: Assam-Meghalaya, Manipur-Tripura, and ArunachalPradesh-Goa-Mizoram-Union Territories (AGMUT). As per Indian Constitution 2/3 of thestrength of every cadre is filled by direct IPS officers and rest 1/3 is elevated from respectve statecadre officers. Each state and union territory of India has a state police force, headed by theCommissioner of Police (State) or Director General of Police (DGP). It is controlled by the ChiefMinister and Home Minister of the state/union territory. The state police is responsible formaintaining law and order in townships of the state and the rural areas. States such as TamilNadu and Maharashtra have taken steps to get their police force trained by advanced policetraining schools notably the Atlanta City Police of the USA. The Tamil Nadu state police is atthe forefront of advancement with the Tamil Nadu Police Academy, which now seeks universitystatus. The advanced training that the Tamil Nadu Police undergo vary from fraud investigationto advanced patrol training. This training when completed will make the Tamil Nadu Police oneof the most advanced police forces in India. City Police Services on the other hand are known fortheir one lesson fits all attitude. The Indian Police Forces have been trying to secure bettertraining and capabilities for their personnel, but with indifferent success due to a cumbrousbureaucracy.[ ] Designations & Pay scalesIPS officers pay scales, according to the Sixth Central Pay Commission[12]: Equivalent Position or Pay Position In The State Designation In the State Grade Band[clarification Government(s) needed] Government(s) or Government Of India (GOI) Director General of Police - Only 80,000 (fixed) one cadre post, all other DGPs areAbove Super Time Commissioner of Police plus grade pay- in HAG + scale of Rs 75,500-Scale (Apex Scale) (State) Nil 80,000, Director (GOI), Director General (GOI), Secretary (R)
  5. 5. Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) Additional Director General of Police, Commissioner of PoliceAbove Super Time Special Commissioner of 67,000- (City), Special or AdditionalScale (HAG)(Pay- Police 79,000 Director (GOI), Special orBand-4) Additional Secretary (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) 37,400- Inspector General of Police,Super Time Scale Joint Commissioner of 67,000 plus Commissioner of Police (City),(Senior Administrative Police grade pay of Joint Secretary if empanelled asGrade)(Pay-Band-4) 10,000 such (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) 37,400- Deputy Inspector General ofSuper Time Scale Additional Commissioner 67,000 plus Police, Commissioner of Police(DIG/Conservator of Police grade pay of (City), Director (R) CabinetGrade)(Pay-Band-4) 8900 Secretariat (GOI) 15,600- Deputy Commissioner of Senior Superintendent of Police,Selection Grade(Pay- 39,100 plus Police if in the Selection Director (R) Cabinet SecretariatBand-4) grade Pay of Grade (GOI) 8700 Deputy Commissioner of 15,600- Police, also designated as Superintendent of Police, DeputyJunior Administrative 39,100 plus Senior Superintendent in Secretary (R) Cabinet SecretariatGrade(Pay-Band-3) grade pay of certain States such as UP (GOI) 7600 and Punjab 15,600- Deputy Commissioner ofSenior Time Scale 39,100 plus Additional Superintendent of Police / Additional Deputy(Pay-Band-3) grade pay of Police - if placed as such Commissioner of Police 6600 15,600- Deputy Superintendent of Police,Junior Time Scale(Pay- Assistant Commissioner of 39,100 plus Circle Officer, Senior Field OfficerBand-3) Police grade pay of (R) Cabinet Secretariat (GOI) 5400
  6. 6. Ranks of the IPSd all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of Assistant Commissioner of Police(ACP) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) in State Police and Metropolitan Police forcesrespectively.[13]  National Emblem above One star above Crossed Sword and Baton[14] (same insignia as a General in the Indian Army)  Director, Intelligence Bureau (Government of India)  CBDT chairman  National Emblem above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Lieutenant-General in the Indian Army)  Commissioners of Police (State) or Director Generals of Police, States and territories of India  Director Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)  Director Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)  Director Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)  Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)  Special Commissioners of Police or Additional Director Generals of Police, States and territories of India  Special or Additional Director Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)  Special or Additional Director Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)  Special or Additional Director Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)  Special or Additional Secretar(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat (Government of India)  Chief Commissioner of Income Tax  One Star above Crossed Sword and Baton (same insignia as a Major-General in the Indian Army)  Joint Commissioners of Police or Inspector-Generals of Police, States and territories of India  Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)  Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)  Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)  Joint Secretar(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)  Commissioner of Income Tax  National Emblem above three Stars in a triangle (same insignia as a Brigadier in the Indian Army)  Additional Commissioners of Police or Deputy Inspector Generals of Police, States and territories of India
  7. 7.  Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of India)  Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Government of India)  Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals, Paramilitary forces of India (Government of India)  Director(s) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)  Additonal Commissioner of Income Tax National Emblem above two Stars (same insignia as a Colonel in the Indian Army)  Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection grade) or Senior Superintendent of Police in selection grade with 13+ years of service (IPS officers posted in insurgency infested states such as J&K also wear this rank before 13 years of service to facilitate coordination and interaction with Commanding Officers of paramilitary and the Indian Army though technically it is illegal)[1]  Deputy Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)  Other officers above selection grade  Joint Commissioner of Income Tax National Emblem above one Star (same insignia as a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Indian Army)  Deputy Commissioner of Police or Superintendent of Police  Under Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat, (Government of India)  Commandant of Battalion  Other officer on Junior Administrative Grade with between 9 and 13 years service  Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax National Emblem (same insignia as a Major in the Indian Army)  Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police or Additional Superintendent of Police  Other officers on senior time scale with 9 years service or less  Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax Three Stars (same insignia as a Captain in the Indian Army)  Assistant Commissioner of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police  Circle Officer (CO) in the states of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh  Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO)  Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax Two Stars (same insignia as a Lieutenant in the Indian Army)  Assistant Superintendent of Police  Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 2 years of service  Income Tax Officer(ITO)
  8. 8.  One Star (same insignia as a Second Lieutenant[note 1] in the Indian Army)  Assistant Superintendent of Police  Indian Police Service officer probationary rank with 1 year of serviceInsignia of the IPSThe Indian Police Service (IPS) uses military insignia on its shoulder flashes, similar to UnitedKingdom police forces. Indian Police Service Officer Rank InsigniaInsign ia Additi Additio onal nal Assista Assista Commi Joint Deputy Assista Commi Deputy Deputy nt nt Direc ssione Commi Commi nt ssione Commi Commi Commi Superin tor of r of ssione ssioner Superin r of ssioner ssioner ssioner tenden Intelli Police r of of tenden Police of of of t of genc (State) Police Police t of or Police Police Police PoliceRank e or or or Police Deput or or or (Probat Bure Direct Inspec Senior (Probat y Superin Additio Deputy ionary au or tor Superin ionary Inspec tenden nal Superin Rank: 2 (GOI) Gener Gener tenden Rank: 1 tor t of Superin tenden years ¹ al of al of t of year of Gener Police tenden t of of Police² Police Police service) al of t of Police service) Police PoliceAbbre ADL.C ADL.DC CP or JCP or DCP or DCP or ACP or ASST.S ASST.Sviatio DIB P or P or DGP IGP SSP SP DSP P P n DIG ASP
  9. 9.  ¹ Although DIB is a 4 star post and not a rank, its given to the senior most IPS officer in Intelligence Bureau. ² Rank insignia of CP/DGP is similar to Spl.CP/ADGP (not shown above). Note: Commissioner of Police designation can only be used by ADL.CP/DIG, JCP/IGP and CP/DGP, where the latter is called Commissioner of Police (State) and the former ones Commissioner of Police (City).