African Americans In The Civil War


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African Americans In The Civil War

  1. 1. African Americans in the Civil War<br />Presented by Sloan-Longway<br />Created by Kathryn Benard<br />
  2. 2. Why is it important to study African American involvement in the Civil War?<br />Do you think African Americans fighting in battle was controversial? Why or why not?<br />
  3. 3. African Americans in the War<br />Approximately 180,000 African Americans in 163 units served in Union forces (both Army and Navy) during the Civil War<br />Free blacks and runaway slaves comprised these numbers<br />Photo Courtesy of the Library of Congress<br />
  4. 4. African Americans in War, continued<br />The Emancipation Proclamation helped pave the way for African Americans to be able to enlist in the Union Army<br />Until then federal law prohibited them from enlisting since 1792 (now 1862).<br />Even though they bravely went off to war, African American soldiers faced many difficulties with racial prejudice.<br />Many times the black soldiers were assigned to non-combat positions such as cooks.<br />Black soldiers were paid $10 a month with an automatic $3 deduction for clothing. White soldiers were paid $13 a month, with no clothing deduction<br />Of the 180,000 black soldiers, about 40,000 died during the war. About 30,000 of them from disease.<br />Black women also played a role in the war, although they could not join the army. They served as nurses, spies, etc.<br />
  5. 5. Harriet Tubman<br />Born as Araminta Ross, around 1820 later changing her name to Harriet, after her mother<br />Was a Maryland slave, working in the master’s home as a servant. <br />As a teenager attempted to defend a field hand and was injured. She was hit in the head. She would suffer from instances of falling into a very deep sleep from that point on.<br />Married a free black in 1844 named John Tubman, taking his last name.<br />Due to the fear of the plantation being sold, she ran away from the plantation. She followed the North Star making her way to Philadelphia<br />She found work and saved her money. <br />She would return to Maryland and escort other slaves and relatives to freedom. On her third trip, she went to get her husband only to find he had a new wife.<br />She would make 19 trips, and would be nicknamed “Moses” for leading others to freedom. <br />Became an active abolitionist.<br />During the war Tubman also worked as a cook, nurse, and spy for the Union. <br />Harriet Tubman died in 1913.<br />Photo Courtesy of<br />
  6. 6. Frederick Douglass<br />Was the son of a slave woman and an unknown white man<br />Was born as Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey in 1818 in Maryland<br />Grew up with his grandparents, only seeing his mother a handful of times in her lifetime (she died when he was 7)<br />Witnessed the brutalities of slavery<br />When he was eight he was sent to Baltimore to live with a ship carpenter<br />There he learned to read and learned about abolition<br />Seven years later he was sent back to live in the country and was hired out to a farm. He was whipped on a daily basis and barely was fed.<br />He planned an escape but was jailed after it was learned about<br />Was able to escape to New York a few years later.<br />Settled in Massachusetts with his new wife and his new name, Frederick Douglass.<br />Became a well known abolitionist and advocate for women’s rights.<br />Photo Courtesy of<br />
  7. 7. 102nd Regiment- Michigan<br />African American Infantry unit of the Union Army<br />Originally known as the 1st Michigan Colored Volunteer Infantry Regiment<br />Organized at Camp Ward, on a farm (Detroit area). 845 men from Detroit, southern Michigan, and Ontario volunteered, some of which were escaped slaves.<br />They formed a band to tour and recruit more volunteers.<br />Had some major successes in proving their ability to fight just as well as white troops.<br />More than 1,400 men would join this regiment. Only 6 died in combat, 5 later died from wounds, and 129 died from disease.<br />Photo courtesy of<br />
  8. 8. References<br />1st Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry (colored) (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />102nd Regiment United States Colored Troops (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />African Soldiers in War (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />African Americans in the Civil War (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />Civil War and Reconstruction (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />Colored Troops (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />Frederick Douglass (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />Harriet Tubman (n.d.) Retrieved March 31, 2010 from<br />