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Understanding
Figurative Language
Essential Questions
• What is figurative language?
• How can I interpret figurative
language?
What is figurative language?
Here are some examples. What do you
think figurative language means?
• The wind whispered sof...
What is figurative language?
The wind whispered
through the trees
• Can wind really
whisper?
• What is the author
trying t...
What is figurative language?
• The cafeteria pizza
was a soggy, droopy
piece of cardboard.
• Is the pizza really
cardboard...
What is figurative language?
The teacher glared like a
furious dragon.
• Was the teacher really
a dragon?
• What is the au...
What is figurative language?
• Figurative language
expresses an idea that
goes beyond the actual
meaning of the words
• Wi...
Kinds of figurative language
Similes Metaphors Personification
There are actually many kinds of figurative
language. In th...
How can I interpret
figurative language?
• To interpret figurative
language means to
understand what the
author is trying ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
Personification is a
kind of figurative
language
• Personification means
to give ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The tree stood tall and
proud by the curving
path
• How does this
sentence show
p...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The tree stood tall and
proud by the curving
path
• How is this sentence
showing ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The tree stood tall and
proud by the curving
path
• Trees can’t really feel
proud...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The tree stood tall and
proud by the curving
path
• What is the author
trying to ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The leaves danced as
they fell from the trees
• What are the leaves
doing that le...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The leaves danced as they
fell from the trees
• Leaves can’t dance
• This is an e...
Let’s Review!
• What is
figurative
language?
• What is
personification?
How can I interpret figurative
language?
• A simile is another
kind of figurative
language
• A simile is a
comparison betw...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The four students sat
down at the cafeteria
table and ate like pigs
• What is bei...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The four students sat
down at the cafeteria
table and ate like pigs
• What is bei...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The four students sat
down at the cafeteria
table and ate like pigs
• The author ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The four students sat
down at the cafeteria
table and ate like pigs
• What is the...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The waves licked the
shore like a kitten
lapping milk
• What is the author
compar...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The waves licked the
shore like a kitten
lapping milk
• The waves are being
compa...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The waves licked the
shore like a kitten
lapping milk
• What is the author
trying...
Let’s Review!
• What is it called when
an author gives human
thoughts and feelings
to non-human objects?
• Personification...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
• A metaphor is another
kind of figurative
language
• A metaphor is a
comparison ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
• The school was a maze
of hallways and
passages
• What is being
compared in this...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
• The school was a maze
of hallways and
passages
• The school is being
compared t...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
• The school was a maze
of hallways and
passages
• What idea is the
author trying...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The math test was a
walk in the park
• What is being
compared in this
metaphor?
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The math test was a
walk in the park
• The math test is being
compared to a walk ...
How can I interpret figurative
language?
The math test was a
walk in the park
• What is the author
trying to tell us about...
Let’s Review
• Which kind of figurative
language makes a
comparison using “like”
or “as”?
• Simile
• Which kind of figurat...
Let’s Review
• Which kind of
figurative language
makes a comparison
without using “like” or
“as”?
• Metaphor
Practice
• Read the examples on
the next few slides
• Which kind of
figurative language do
they show?
• How can you interp...
Example #1
The airplane landed as
gracefully as a
ballerina
• Personification
• Simile
• Metaphor
Example #1
The airplane landed as
gracefully as a
ballerina
• Simile
Example #1
The airplane landed as
gracefully as a
ballerina
Interpret the simile
• What is the author
comparing?
• What is...
Example #1
The airplane landed as
gracefully as a
ballerina
Interpret the simile
• What is the author
comparing?
• What is...
Example #2
The water smashed
angrily against the
rocks
• Personification
• Simile
• Metaphor
Example #2
The water smashed
angrily against the
rocks
• Personification
Example #2
The water smashed angrily
against the rocks
Interpret the personification!
• What is the water doing
that water...
Example #3
My brother’s room
was a dark, mysterious
cave
• Personification
• Simile
• Metaphor
Example #3
My brother’s room
was a dark, mysterious
cave
• Metaphor
Example #3
My brother’s room was a
dark, mysterious cave
Interpret the metaphor!
• What is the author
comparing?
• What is...
Essential Questions
Can you answer these
questions?
• What is figurative
language?
• How can I interpret
figurative langua...
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Understanding figurativelanguage

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figurative language

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Understanding figurativelanguage

  1. 1. Understanding Figurative Language
  2. 2. Essential Questions • What is figurative language? • How can I interpret figurative language?
  3. 3. What is figurative language? Here are some examples. What do you think figurative language means? • The wind whispered softly through the trees. • The cafeteria pizza was a soggy, droopy piece of cardboard. • The teacher glared like a furious dragon.
  4. 4. What is figurative language? The wind whispered through the trees • Can wind really whisper? • What is the author trying to tell us about wind?
  5. 5. What is figurative language? • The cafeteria pizza was a soggy, droopy piece of cardboard. • Is the pizza really cardboard? • What is the author trying to tell us about the pizza?
  6. 6. What is figurative language? The teacher glared like a furious dragon. • Was the teacher really a dragon? • What is the author trying to tell us about the teacher?
  7. 7. What is figurative language? • Figurative language expresses an idea that goes beyond the actual meaning of the words • Wind can’t whisper… but the expression gives you an idea of how the wind sounds
  8. 8. Kinds of figurative language Similes Metaphors Personification There are actually many kinds of figurative language. In this presentation, we’ll focus on three
  9. 9. How can I interpret figurative language? • To interpret figurative language means to understand what the author is trying to say • To interpret figurative language, it’s important to understand how different kinds of figurative language work
  10. 10. How can I interpret figurative language? Personification is a kind of figurative language • Personification means to give human thoughts and qualities to nonhuman objects
  11. 11. How can I interpret figurative language? The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path • How does this sentence show personification?
  12. 12. How can I interpret figurative language? The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path • How is this sentence showing the tree doing something that trees don’t really do?
  13. 13. How can I interpret figurative language? The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path • Trees can’t really feel proud. This is an example of personification.
  14. 14. How can I interpret figurative language? The tree stood tall and proud by the curving path • What is the author trying to tell us about the tree?
  15. 15. How can I interpret figurative language? The leaves danced as they fell from the trees • What are the leaves doing that leaves can’t really do?
  16. 16. How can I interpret figurative language? The leaves danced as they fell from the trees • Leaves can’t dance • This is an example of personification • What is the author trying to tell us about the leaves?
  17. 17. Let’s Review! • What is figurative language? • What is personification?
  18. 18. How can I interpret figurative language? • A simile is another kind of figurative language • A simile is a comparison between two unlike objects using “like” or “as”
  19. 19. How can I interpret figurative language? The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs • What is being compared in this simile?
  20. 20. How can I interpret figurative language? The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs • What is being compared in this simile?
  21. 21. How can I interpret figurative language? The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs • The author is comparing the students to pigs
  22. 22. How can I interpret figurative language? The four students sat down at the cafeteria table and ate like pigs • What is the author trying to say about the way that the students are eating?
  23. 23. How can I interpret figurative language? The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk • What is the author comparing in this simile?
  24. 24. How can I interpret figurative language? The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk • The waves are being compared to a kitten lapping milk
  25. 25. How can I interpret figurative language? The waves licked the shore like a kitten lapping milk • What is the author trying to say about the waves—that they are rough and fierce, or small and gentle?
  26. 26. Let’s Review! • What is it called when an author gives human thoughts and feelings to non-human objects? • Personification • What is a comparison using “like” or “as”? • Simile
  27. 27. How can I interpret figurative language? • A metaphor is another kind of figurative language • A metaphor is a comparison that does not use “like” or “as”
  28. 28. How can I interpret figurative language? • The school was a maze of hallways and passages • What is being compared in this metaphor?
  29. 29. How can I interpret figurative language? • The school was a maze of hallways and passages • The school is being compared to a maze
  30. 30. How can I interpret figurative language? • The school was a maze of hallways and passages • What idea is the author trying to express with this metaphor?
  31. 31. How can I interpret figurative language? The math test was a walk in the park • What is being compared in this metaphor?
  32. 32. How can I interpret figurative language? The math test was a walk in the park • The math test is being compared to a walk in the park
  33. 33. How can I interpret figurative language? The math test was a walk in the park • What is the author trying to tell us about the math test?
  34. 34. Let’s Review • Which kind of figurative language makes a comparison using “like” or “as”? • Simile • Which kind of figurative language gives human thoughts and qualities to non-human objects? • Personification
  35. 35. Let’s Review • Which kind of figurative language makes a comparison without using “like” or “as”? • Metaphor
  36. 36. Practice • Read the examples on the next few slides • Which kind of figurative language do they show? • How can you interpret the figurative language?
  37. 37. Example #1 The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina • Personification • Simile • Metaphor
  38. 38. Example #1 The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina • Simile
  39. 39. Example #1 The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina Interpret the simile • What is the author comparing? • What is the author trying to tell us?
  40. 40. Example #1 The airplane landed as gracefully as a ballerina Interpret the simile • What is the author comparing? • What is the author trying to tell us?
  41. 41. Example #2 The water smashed angrily against the rocks • Personification • Simile • Metaphor
  42. 42. Example #2 The water smashed angrily against the rocks • Personification
  43. 43. Example #2 The water smashed angrily against the rocks Interpret the personification! • What is the water doing that water doesn’t really do? • What is the author trying to tell us about the water?
  44. 44. Example #3 My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave • Personification • Simile • Metaphor
  45. 45. Example #3 My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave • Metaphor
  46. 46. Example #3 My brother’s room was a dark, mysterious cave Interpret the metaphor! • What is the author comparing? • What is the author trying to show about the brother’s room?
  47. 47. Essential Questions Can you answer these questions? • What is figurative language? • How can I interpret figurative language?

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