Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Progressive Presidents

611 views

Published on

Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909), William Howard Taft (1909-1913), Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The Progressive Presidents

  1. 1. Theodore Roosevelt William Howard Taft Woodrow Wilson
  2. 2.  After McKinley’s assassination ◦ “Now look, that damned cowboy is president.”—Mark Hanna  Inaugurated at age 42, youngest president ever
  3. 3.  NYC Police Commissioner, 1895-1897 ◦ Friend of Jacob Riis  Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1897-1898  Spanish-American War, 1898 ◦ Roosevelt’s Rough Riders  Governor of New York, 1899-1900 ◦ Too progressive for many Republicans  Vice President, 1901  26th President, 1901-1909
  4. 4. Attended Harvard Dakota Rancher (1884-1887) NYC Police Commissioner (1895-1897
  5. 5. The Teddy Bear
  6. 6.  Delivered a 20K word address to Congress asking it to curb the power of big corporations ◦ Known as a “trust- buster” ◦ Brought 40+ anti-trust suits to court  Included biggest RR at the time & Standard Oil Co.  Standard Oil had to pay a $29 million fine  One month in to office he invited Booker T. Washington to dinner at the White House ◦ 1st time an African American had been invited to the WH ◦ Outraged some white southerners
  7. 7.  Phrase used as early as 1902; became slogan for re-election in 1904  Domestic program, 3 basic ideas: ◦ 1. Conservation of natural resources ◦ 2. Control of corporations ◦ 3. Consumer protection
  8. 8.  Newlands Reclamation Act, 1902 ◦ 21 federal irrigation projects  National Forest Service est. in 1905  Created 5 Nat’l Parks & 18 Nat’l Monuments  148 million additional acres of forest put under federal protection
  9. 9.  The Department of Commerce & Labor was created in 1903Elkins Act ◦ Stopped practice of RRs giving cheaper rates to favored companies  Hepburn Act ◦ Strengthened ICC  Able to take on unfair practices used by RRs
  10. 10.  Arbitration in Pennsylvania United Mine Workers strike ◦ Ended strike ◦ Higher pay & fewer hours for workers  Worker’s Comp. for many federal employees in 1908
  11. 11.  Meat Inspection Act & Pure Food and Drug Act ◦ Both were inspired by Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle
  12. 12.  Was Roosevelt’s Secretary of War  Expected to carry on many of Teddy Roosevelt’s reforms  Set his own agenda
  13. 13.  Filed twice as many anti-trust suits (than T. Roosevelt)  Mann-Elkins Act ◦ Allowed ICC to regulate telephone & telegraph companies  Payne Aldrich Tariff ◦ Frustrated Progressives ◦ Raised rates on print paper
  14. 14.  Est. Department of Labor & Federal Children’s Bureau  Mine safety laws  8 hour workday for Railroad workers
  15. 15.  Restored Alaska land to the U.S. Forest Service  Protected more land than TR
  16. 16.  More progressive than TR?????  But some missteps ◦ Esp. firing of Gifford Pinchot from Forestry Service  Close friend of TR ◦ Reversal on tariff reform split the GOP  Gets less recognition though?  Only one term  Election of 1912  Later Chief Justice of SC
  17. 17. TR goes for the GOP nomination but loses to Taft TR forms the Progressive Party “Bull Moose” Woodrow Wilson wins the Democratic nomination on the 46th ballot VP - WJB - President of Princeton - Governor of New Jersey
  18. 18.  Voter Results Popular Vote Electoral Vote Wilson - 41.9% 435 Roosevelt - 27.4% 88 Taft - 23.2% 8
  19. 19.  Took advantage of split in Republican party  Promised New Freedom – place strict controls on businesses
  20. 20.  Underwood Tariff Act ◦ Cut rates from 40% to 27%  Federal Reserve Act ◦ Central banking system ◦ Stabilized inflation  Clayton Anti-Trust Act ◦ Exempted unions from anti- trust laws ◦ Limited injunctions  Federal Trade Commission ◦ Promotes consumer protection
  21. 21.  Federal Farm Loan Act  Adamson Act ◦ 8 hour work day for interstate RR workers  Federal Workmen’s Compensation Act ◦ Compensation for wages missed due to work- related injuries  Keating-Owen Child Labor Act ◦ Short-lived, but prohibited sale of goods produced by factories that employed children under the age of 14
  22. 22.  16th—1913 ◦ Graduated Income Tax ◦ Led to reduced tariffs  17th—1913 ◦ Direct election of U.S. Senators  18th Amendment— 1920 ◦ Prohibition of alcoholic beverages  19th Amendment— 1920 ◦ Women’s suffrage

×