The Counterculture
Ch. 23.3
(pp. 777-781)
Counterculture: Notes
• Define/Explain
– Counterculture
– Sexual Revolution
– Woodstock
– Altamont
• What social changes w...
‘50s vs. ‘60s
1950s
• Conformity
• Nine-to-five jobs
• Corporate
world/businessmen
• Neatly dressed
• Flannel suits
• Military power
196...
A Time of Change
• Counterculture—Valued
youth, spontaneity, &
individuality
• Hippies
• Promoted
peace, love, & freedom
•...
A Time of Change
• Baby boom after WWII led to enormous
generation
• College attendance levels were increased
drastically
...
Sixties Style
• Women
– Long, free hair
– Loose fitting dresses
• Men
– Long hair, beards
– *Read sidebar on hair on
p. 77...
Sixties Style
• Op Art
• Appeared they were
created by artists under
the influence of
psychedelic drugs
• Bright colors, o...
The Sexual Revolution
• Rejection of traditional
restrictions
• Sex should be separated
from ties to family life
• New liv...
The Drug Scene
• Psychedelic drugs
• Cause brain to act
abnormally
• Hallucinations, altered
perceptions of reality
• Drug...
The Drug Scene
• Overdoses & addictions
• Janis Joplin, age
27, 1970
• Jim Morrison, age
27, 1971
• Jimi Hendrix, age
27, ...
Music
• Revolution started by
Rock & Roll of ‘50s
• Revival of folk music
– Bob Dylan & Joan Baez
• British Invasion
– “Be...
Woodstock
• August of 1969
• Up to 500K spectators
• Rural up-state NY
• “3 Days of Peace &
Music”
• Joan Baez, Arlo Guthr...
Altamont
• East of San Francisco
• December of 1969
• Rolling Stones, Santana,
Jefferson Airplane
• Crosby, Stills, Nash &...
NOTES
• Define/Explain
– Counterculture
– Sexual Revolution
– Woodstock
– Altamont
• What social changes were promoted by ...
Counterculture of the 60s
Counterculture of the 60s
Counterculture of the 60s
Counterculture of the 60s
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Counterculture of the 60s

  1. 1. The Counterculture Ch. 23.3 (pp. 777-781)
  2. 2. Counterculture: Notes • Define/Explain – Counterculture – Sexual Revolution – Woodstock – Altamont • What social changes were promoted by the counterculture (make a list)? • How did music both reflect & contribute to the change of this era?
  3. 3. ‘50s vs. ‘60s
  4. 4. 1950s • Conformity • Nine-to-five jobs • Corporate world/businessmen • Neatly dressed • Flannel suits • Military power 1960s • “Flower Power” • Long hair & outrageous clothing • Rejection of regimented life • Bright colors & beads • Rejection of restriction • Challenged authority
  5. 5. A Time of Change • Counterculture—Valued youth, spontaneity, & individuality • Hippies • Promoted peace, love, & freedom • New styles of dress, music, & freer attitudes towards sex • Recreational use of drugs • “Generation Gap” • Lack of understanding & communication between generations
  6. 6. A Time of Change • Baby boom after WWII led to enormous generation • College attendance levels were increased drastically • Culture catered to them – Music producers, clothing designers, colleges, even politicians
  7. 7. Sixties Style • Women – Long, free hair – Loose fitting dresses • Men – Long hair, beards – *Read sidebar on hair on p. 779 – Rejection of the suit & tie – Blue jeans, cotton shirts, simple garments • Ponchos from S. America • Dashikis from Africa • Jewelry made by Native Americans • Painted buses, cars, & bodies • Pop art reflected Hippie culture – Warhol & Lichtenstein
  8. 8. Sixties Style • Op Art • Appeared they were created by artists under the influence of psychedelic drugs • Bright colors, optical illusions
  9. 9. The Sexual Revolution • Rejection of traditional restrictions • Sex should be separated from ties to family life • New living patterns; communes, unmarried couples • Open discussion of sexual subjects in mainstream media • 1962 bestseller, “Sex & the Single Girl,” by Helen Gurley Brown • 1966 report on scientific studies of sexuality, “Human Sexual Response,” by William H. Masters and Virginia E. Johnson • 1972, “The Joy of Sex,” by Alex Comfort
  10. 10. The Drug Scene • Psychedelic drugs • Cause brain to act abnormally • Hallucinations, altered perceptions of reality • Drug use was more widespread, esp. marijuana • Researchers at Harvard (Leary & Alpert) involved students in research using LSD
  11. 11. The Drug Scene • Overdoses & addictions • Janis Joplin, age 27, 1970 • Jim Morrison, age 27, 1971 • Jimi Hendrix, age 27, 1970
  12. 12. Music • Revolution started by Rock & Roll of ‘50s • Revival of folk music – Bob Dylan & Joan Baez • British Invasion – “Beatlemania” begins in 1964 – Rolling Stones – The Who
  13. 13. Woodstock • August of 1969 • Up to 500K spectators • Rural up-state NY • “3 Days of Peace & Music” • Joan Baez, Arlo Guthrie, Santana, CCR, Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, The Who, Jefferson Airplane • Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young • The Band, Jimi Hendrix • Lots of rain • Overcrowded, lack of facilities, but peaceful
  14. 14. Altamont • East of San Francisco • December of 1969 • Rolling Stones, Santana, Jefferson Airplane • Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young • 300K+ • Hell’s Angels hired as security • Paid $500 of beer? • Fights broke out • 4 deaths, 4 births, lots of injuries, lots of property damage • Soured “Love Generation” – Contradictory to “peace & love”
  15. 15. NOTES • Define/Explain – Counterculture – Sexual Revolution – Woodstock – Altamont • What social changes were promoted by the counterculture (make a list)? • How did music both reflect & contribute to the change of this era? • #6 on p. 781, letter to editor, in regards to rules banning “hippie dress”

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