The Adjective Clause


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The Adjective Clause

  1. 1. The Adjective Clause which one? -or- what kind?
  2. 2. Adjectives Modify: NOUNS and PRONOUNS <ul><li>An adjective phrase modifies a NOUN or PRONOUN </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective clause also modifies a NOUN or PRONOUN </li></ul>
  3. 3. Where can you find adjectives ? <ul><li>You can find adjectives before the noun or pronoun that they modify: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It comes before the noun and after the article. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The blue dog is a sight to behold. </li></ul><ul><li>A large slice of watermelon is delicious in the summer. </li></ul><ul><li>The pattern : </li></ul>
  4. 4. Adjectives can come after linking verbs: (This is called a PREDICATE ADJECTIVE ) <ul><li>She is nice . </li></ul><ul><li>A large slice of watermelon is delicious in the summer. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible pattern : </li></ul>l.v.
  5. 5. An Adjective Phrase always follows the NOUN or PRONOUN it modifies: <ul><li>The woman in the large hat is famous . </li></ul><ul><li>The man with the moustache is my father. </li></ul><ul><li>The one in the blue shirt just laughed. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible pattern : </li></ul>… OP
  6. 6. Likewise… An Adjective Clause usually follows the word (noun) or words (noun + modifiers) it modifies: <ul><li>Definition : </li></ul><ul><li>An adjective clause is a subordinate (dependent) clause that modifies a NOUN or a PRONOUN . </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective clauses tell which one ? </li></ul><ul><li>or what kind ? </li></ul>
  7. 7. REMEMBER !! <ul><li>Clauses MUST contain both </li></ul><ul><li> a SUBJECT and a VERB . </li></ul>subject verb
  8. 8. Adjective Clauses: <ul><li>Ms. Bandrowski showed us a PowerPoint that she made last night . </li></ul><ul><li>The Natchez is a paddleboat that Mark Twain often wrote about . </li></ul><ul><li>That one , which is my favorite , was bought in Bangkok. </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Picasso was the artist who painted A Girl with a Ponytail . </li></ul>
  9. 9. An Adjective Clause is usually introduced by a relative pronoun . <ul><li>Some common relative pronouns : </li></ul><ul><li>that which who whom whose </li></ul>
  10. 10. NOTE: <ul><li>The relative pronoun that can be used to refer both to people and to things. </li></ul><ul><li>that = or </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun which is used to refer to things only. </li></ul><ul><li>which = </li></ul>
  11. 11. … also note: <ul><li>Sometimes a relative pronoun is preceded by a preposition that is part of the adjective clause. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Have you read the book on which the movie is based ? </li></ul><ul><li>The actor to whom I am referring is Johnny Depp. </li></ul>
  12. 12. In addition to relating a subordinate clause to the rest of the sentence, a relative pronoun often has a grammatical function in the subordinate clause. <ul><li>Usually it is either the SUBJECT of the clause… </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>… the OBJECT OF THE PREPOSITION . </li></ul>
  13. 13. Examples: <ul><li>Is this game the one that is on sale ? </li></ul><ul><li>( That is also the subject of the subordinate clause.) </li></ul><ul><li>The jeweler to whom I took the broken bracelet repaired it quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>( Whom also functions as the object of the preposition to. ) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Relative Adverbs : <ul><li>To modify a place or a time , an adjective clause may be introduced by when or where . When used to introduce adjective clauses , these words are called relative adverbs . </li></ul><ul><li>This is the spot where we caught most of the fish . </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Mason looks forward to Saturday afternoons , when she works in her garden . </li></ul>
  15. 15. last detail… <ul><li>In some cases, the relative pronoun or relative adverb can be omitted. </li></ul><ul><li>We haven’t seen the mask [ that ] she brought back from Venice . </li></ul><ul><li>Do you remember the time [ when or that ] the dog caught the skunk ? </li></ul><ul><li>A boy [ whom or that ] I know is a nationally ranked tennis player . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Writing advice… <ul><li>Adjective clauses can bring clarity and good description to your writing. Be careful, though, not to use too many adjective clauses. Overusing adjective clauses can make your writing wordy . You might want to replace some of them with adjectives or brief phrases . </li></ul>
  17. 17. Examples: <ul><li>WORDY: </li></ul><ul><li>They live in the apartment building that is made of brick and that is located next to the fire station . </li></ul><ul><li>BETTER: </li></ul><ul><li>They live in the brick apartment building next to the fire station. </li></ul>