Clauses

4,381 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,381
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
516
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
180
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Clauses

  1. 1. Definition: a group of words that contains a subject and a verb Clause …not Santa
  2. 2. A. Independent (IC) and B. Dependent (Subordinate) (DC) II. There are two kinds of clauses:
  3. 3. A clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone. AKA A SENTENCE A. Independent
  4. 4. * he memorized a poem last night * Mary will read her poem *many people enjoy poetry Examples of Independent Clauses:
  5. 5. When an independent clause (IC) starts with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark, it is a SENTENCE. *He memorized a poem. *Mary will read her poem at school. *Many people enjoy poetry.
  6. 6. It does not express a complete thought and It cannot stand by itself as a sentence Dependent (or subordinate ) clause (DC)
  7. 7. * because he memorized a poem * when Mary reads her poem at school * since many people enjoy poetry Examples of Dependent (Subordinate Clauses)
  8. 8. A dependent /subordinate clause (DC) will be a FRAGMENT when the clause begins with a capital letter and ends with a period or question mark. This is a grammatical ERROR ! .
  9. 9. ... because he memorized a poem… He memorized a poem. What makes one clause independent and another dependent?
  10. 10. … when Mary read her poem at school... Mary read her poem at school.
  11. 11. <ul><li>A clause is dependent /subordinate (DC) when it begins with a subordinate word . …a few examples… </li></ul><ul><li>Who When While Which That Since Because Unless etc. etc. etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes the subordinate word is understood to be present. </li></ul>What makes a clause dependent /subordinate?
  12. 12. <ul><li>Examples: April, which is my favorite month , is going to be cold this year. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of DC is “which.” Verb of DC is “is.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The flower that grew in my yard was a rose. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject of DC is “that.” Verb of DC is “grew.” </li></ul></ul></ul>Sometimes the subject of the dependent/subordinate clause (DC) is a pronoun .
  13. 13. A dependent /subordinate clause (DC) needs an independent clause (IC) to create a true sentence.
  14. 14. Because he memorized a poem , Mike will receive extra credit. Mike will receive extra credit because he memorized a poem.
  15. 15. We will applaud when Mary reads her poem at school . When Mary reads her poem at school, we will applaud.
  16. 16. When the rain stops , the game will begin. Punctuation : When the dependent clause (DC) comes first , it is usually followed by a comma .
  17. 17. The game will begin when the rain stops. Punctuation : When the dependent clause (DC) comes last , there is generally no comma .

×