Iceland

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Iceland

  1. 1. Iceland Take a tour By Kelsey Barrus
  2. 2. Where Do You Want to Go? Geography Geography 2 People Pictures Economy Government Money Language Current Issues History 2 References Language 2 History Geography 4 Religion Holidays Climate Geography 3 Major Natural Disaster Click here to exit
  3. 3. Geography  39,769 square miles (103,000 square kilometers)  Land area-38,707 square miles (100,250 square kilometers)  Topography-recent volcano origin, geysers and hot springs  Three quarters of land surface is wasteland Back
  4. 4. Geography 2  Volcanic island in North Atlantic Ocean, east of Greenland and immediately south of the Arctic Circle  It is approximately 2,600 miles (4,200 kilometers) away from New York  About 79% of Iceland’s area consists of glaciers, lakes, and a mountainous lava desert, and other wasteland Back
  5. 5. Geography 3  About 28% of land is used for grazing  1% is cultivated  Inhabited areas are on the coast particularly in the southwest where 60% of the population lives  Capital: Reykavik -pop. 192,000  Neighbors-nearest to: Greenland Back
  6. 6. Geography 4  Highest elevation 6,590 feet above sea level Back
  7. 7. People  Life expect. 78.4-male, 82.8-female  Pop. density-7.9 per square mile, 3.1 per square kilometer  Population-306,694  Ethnicity-Norse & Celt descendants  Language-Icelandic, English, Nordic, German Back
  8. 8. Religion  Chief religion-Lutheran Church of Iceland 86%, unaffiliated 3% Back
  9. 9. Economy  Fish proc., aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon prod., tourism  Chief crops-potatoes, green vegetables  Natural resources-fish Back
  10. 10. Government  Type-Constitutional republic  Local divisions-23 counties, 14 independent towns  Head of State-President Olafur Ragnar Grimsson  Head of Gov.-Prime Min. Johanna Sigurdardottir  Defense budget-$46 million Back
  11. 11. Money  1.00 Iceland Króna = 0.0078 U.S. Dollar  Króna is the dollar of Iceland Back
  12. 12. Major Natural Disaster  The eruption of Eyjafjoell volcano, this country has many active volcanoes Back
  13. 13. Current Issues  The Eyjafjoell volcano keeps erupting and is causing flight chaos for the people of Iceland and Europe Back
  14. 14. Climate  Moderated by Gulf Stream  Damp, cool summers  Mild but windy winters  In Reykjavík, the average temperature is 52°F in July and 30°F in January Back
  15. 15. History  Settled in late 9th and early 10th centuries by people of Norse origin  In 930 AD ruling chiefs established a republican constitution and an assembly called the Althingi, the oldest parliament in the world  Remained independent until 1262, when it entered into a treaty establishing a union with the Norwegian monarchy Back
  16. 16. History 2  Late 14th century- Iceland was passed to Denmark when Norway and Denmark Back
  17. 17. References  http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bng/3396.htm  http://www.wikipedia.com  http://www.iceland.is/history-and- culture/Traditions/IcelandicHolidays/ Back
  18. 18. Pictures Back
  19. 19. Language Back
  20. 20. Language 2 Icelandic Keyboard Back
  21. 21. Language 3 • Icelandic alphabet consists of 32 letters Back
  22. 22. Holidays  1st of January, New Year's Day; Maundy Thursday (Thursday before Easter Sunday); Good Friday (Friday before Easter Sunday); Easter Monday (Monday following Easter Sunday); First Day of Summer (a Thursday during the period 19 to 25 April); 1 May, Labour Day; Ascension Day (Holy Thursday, six weeks after Maundy Thursday); Whit Monday (Monday following Whit Sunday, seven weeks after Easter); 17 June, National Day (proclamation of the Republic in 1944, birthday of Jon Sigurdsson, 1811-1879); Trademen's Day (first Monday in August); 24 December, Christmas Eve (afternoon only); 25 December, Christmas Day; 26 December, Boxing Day (second day of Christmas); 31 December, New Year's Eve (afternoon only).

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