Sleep disorders


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Sleep disorders

  2. 2. FOUR CATEGORIES OF SLEEP DISORDERS 1. 2. 3. 4. Primary Sleep Disorder- are those not attributed to other cause and include dyssomias and parasomnias Sleep DO related to another mental DO Sleep DO due to another medical condition Substance- induced sleep DO
  3. 3. 1.1 DYSSOMIAS- PRIMARY DISORDERS OF INITIATING OR MAINTAINING SLEEP, AND OR EXCESSIVE SLEEPINESS AND ARE CHARACTERIZED BY ABNORMALITIES IN THE AMOUNT, QUALITY OR TIMING OF SLEEP. 1.1.1 Primary insomnia- difficulty of initiating or maintaining sleep that lasts for one month and causes significant distress or impairments of functioning 1.1.2 Primary hypersomnia- excessive sleepiness for at least one month y=that involves either prolonged sleep episodes or daily daytime sleeping that causes significant distress or impairment in functioning
  4. 4. 1.1.3. Narcolepsy- excessive sleepiness characterized by repeated irresistible sleep attacks, may also experience - catalepsy ( sudden episodes of bilateral, reversible loss of muscle tone that lasts for seconds to minutes - Recurrent intrusions of REM sleep in the sleep- wake transition, manifested by paralysis of the voluntary muscles or dreamlike hallucinations
  5. 5. 1.1.4. Breathing related sleep DO- sleep disruption leading to excessive sleepiness or, less commonly, insomnia caused by abnormalities in ventilation during sleep. - Obstructive sleep apnea (repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction - Central sleep apnea ( episodic cessation of ventilation without airway obstruction - Central alveolar hypoventilation (hypoventilation resulting in low arterial oxygen levels
  6. 6. 1.1.5. Circadian rhythm sleep DO (sleep- wake schedule DO)- persistent or recurring sleep disorder resulting from altered functioning of circadian rhythm or a mismatch between circadian rhythm and external demands subtypes: delayed sleep phase shift work unspecified
  7. 7. 1.2. PARASOMIAS- RE ABNORMAL BEHAVIORAL OR PSYCHOLOGICAL EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH SLEEP, SPECIFIC SLEEP STAGES, OR SLEEPWAKE TRANSITION. 1.2.1. Nightmare DO- repeated occurrence of frightening dreams that leads to waking from sleep 1.2.2. Sleep terror DO- repeated occurrence of abrupt awakenings from sleep associated with panicky scream or cry. 1.2.3. Sleepwalking DO- repeated episodes of complex motor behavior initiated during sleep, including getting out of bed and walking around
  8. 8. SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES Establish a regular schedule for going to bed and arising  Avoid sleep deprivation and the desire to catch up  Do not eat large meal before bedtime  Avoid daytime naps  Exercise daily  Minimize or eliminate caffeine and nicotine ingestion 
  9. 9. SLEEP HYGIENE MEASURES Do not look at the clock while you are lying down  Keep the temperature in the bedroom slightly cool  Do not drink alcohol in an attempt to sleep  Do not use bed for reading, working, watching television, etc.  Writing worry on a piece of paper  Soft music, relaxation tapes ........... 
  10. 10. THANK YOU...  THANK YOU....  THANK YOU..... 