The methods of increasing energy efficiency by irradiation of  electromagnetic wave in high intensity which agrees the    ...
Magnetic ceramic
Heating the magnetic ceramic using         microwave oven
The principle of microwave heating of the           magnetic materials          Inductive heating              P=2πfμ0 μ″H...
The quantum principle of microwave heating         of the magnetic material      Heating by magnetic resonance  E=2πγnMgμB...
The infrared and far-infrared waves radiate inside the ceramic by                 microwave heating of the magnetic cerami...
Blackbody radiation and infrared and far-infrared emission from the        magnetic ceramic and its wavelength and power  ...
Microwave heating of Mn-Zn-Ca ferriteWe add 10% Ca in Mn-Zn ferrite and make Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite.We sinter the Mn-Zn-Ca ferri...
When we irradiate microwaves to the Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite, the electric dipoleof Ca is transited. The emission by transition is...
The power of emission of the magnetic ceramic with a wavelength of 8μm to     100μm by electric dipole and magnetic dipole...
The absorption wavelengths of Calcium or Calcium Apatites were shown by B.O. Fowler in theNational Institute of Dental Res...
We use 2 kinds of ceramic magcups which are sintered Mn-Zn ferrite and Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite. Weheat quarts glasses of 100cc of...
Three kinds of water in experimental usesContrex   energy 0 cal / 100ml, protein 0g, fat 0g, carbohydrate 0g, Na 0.94mg,  ...
The experimental results                                   Contrex Water Temperatures                                     ...
The conclusions of the experimentsThe high concentration Ca waters showthe highest microwave heating effectswhile using Mn...
The infrared and far-infrared absorptionwavelength of amino acids is 40μm to 100μm
The facility of amino acids, peptide and protein synthesis which uses                       Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite ceramic
ConclusionsWe sinter Mn-Zn ferrite inside the ceramic totally. When we heat thisceramic in a microwave oven, infrared and ...
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Infrared cooking using magnetic ceramic in microwave oven

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2008 GCMEA Global Congress on Microwave Energy Application August 4-8,
Otsu Japan Mr. Kazuhito Kono, Mr. Buhei Kono Shozen Co.ltd presents

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Infrared cooking using magnetic ceramic in microwave oven

  1. 1. The methods of increasing energy efficiency by irradiation of electromagnetic wave in high intensity which agrees the absorption wavelength of materials Kazuhito Kono, Buhei Kono Shozen co.ltd.
  2. 2. Magnetic ceramic
  3. 3. Heating the magnetic ceramic using microwave oven
  4. 4. The principle of microwave heating of the magnetic materials Inductive heating P=2πfμ0 μ″H2 (1) P ; the energy by inductive heating, f ;frequency of electromagnetic waves, ; permeability of μ 0 vacuum, μ″ of the magnetism, ;loss H ; magnetic field Heating by eddy current loss W= BdH (2) W ; energy by hysterisis, B ;the magnetic flux density, H ; magnetic field,
  5. 5. The quantum principle of microwave heating of the magnetic material Heating by magnetic resonance E=2πγnMgμBtw (3) E ; energy by electron spin resonance,γ; gyromagnetic constant, n ;number of atoms of the magnetic material, M ; magnetization, g; g constant, μ B ; Bohr magnetic constant, t ; relaxation time of spin, W ; input energy of electromagnetic waves,
  6. 6. The infrared and far-infrared waves radiate inside the ceramic by microwave heating of the magnetic ceramicWhen we heat the magnetic materials by microwaves, the temperature of the magneticmaterials rises and infrared and far-infrared waves emit. At the same time, spins ofmagnetic materials are transited by not equilibrium state of thermodynamics andthe wavelength of microwaves is transformed to infrared and far-infrared waves with awavelength 2.3μm~20μm and it emits beyond the intensity of ideal black bodyradiation.The emission energy is shown in the following equation (4) 2πμBrf 2 1 P=( ) hωn (4) h 2π⊿ωP;the energy of radiation,μ;magnetic moment,Brf ;magnetic field,h;planck constant,⊿ω;transit frequency,ω; frequency of radiation,n ;number of atoms that are transited
  7. 7. Blackbody radiation and infrared and far-infrared emission from the magnetic ceramic and its wavelength and power Blackbody 10 Power (W/cm-2perμ m) 1 0℃ 100℃ 0.1 200℃ 300℃ 0.01 400℃ 500℃ 0.001 0.0001 1 2 3 4 5 10 20 50 100 wavelength(μ m)
  8. 8. Microwave heating of Mn-Zn-Ca ferriteWe add 10% Ca in Mn-Zn ferrite and make Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite.We sinter the Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite inside the ceramic and heat it in amicrowave oven. The electric dipole momentum of Ca is transited andspins of Ca atoms by the magnetic field of Mn-Zn ferrite are transited.Mn-Zn-Ca magnetic ceramic emits infrared and far-infrared waves witha wavelength of 8 μm to 50μm, extending to 100μm so calledTerahertz region.
  9. 9. When we irradiate microwaves to the Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite, the electric dipoleof Ca is transited. The emission by transition is shown in equation (5). 4ω4 2 (5) P= 3 d 3cP;the energy of radiation, ω; frequency of radiation, c; speed of light, d;electric dipole momentumWhen we irradiate microwaves to the Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite, the magneticmoment of dipole is transited by the magnetic field of the Mn-Zn-Caferrite. The emission energy is shown in the following equation (6) 4ω4 P= m2 (6) 3c3 P; the energy of radiation, ω; frequency of radiation, c; speed of light, m; magnetic dipole momentum of Ca
  10. 10. The power of emission of the magnetic ceramic with a wavelength of 8μm to 100μm by electric dipole and magnetic dipole transition is calculated from equation (5) and (6) and it is shown in the figure below. The power ofemission with wavelength range 8μm to 100μm is amplified beyond the range of ideal black body radiation.
  11. 11. The absorption wavelengths of Calcium or Calcium Apatites were shown by B.O. Fowler in theNational Institute of Dental Research in U.S. in 1973. We show his data in Figure. From this data, the absorption wavelength of Ca is between 8μm and 50μm or 100μm, Terahertz region. Data from Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.13, No.1,1974
  12. 12. We use 2 kinds of ceramic magcups which are sintered Mn-Zn ferrite and Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite. Weheat quarts glasses of 100cc of water which contain different Ca concentrations and pure water using these ceramics in the microwave oven and we measure their temperature rise and ion values as we show the experimental set up in Figure
  13. 13. Three kinds of water in experimental usesContrex energy 0 cal / 100ml, protein 0g, fat 0g, carbohydrate 0g, Na 0.94mg, Ca 46.8mg, Mg 7.45mg, K 0.28mg Sulfate 112.1mgEvian energy 0cal, protein 0g, fat 0g, carbohydrate 0g/100ml, Na 0.7mg, Ca 8.0mg, Mg 2.6mgVolvic energy 0cal, protein 0g, fat 0g, carbohydrate 0g/100ml Na 1.16mg, Ca 1.15mg, Mg 0.80mg, K 0.62mgIn another glass, we use pure water for the experiments.
  14. 14. The experimental results Contrex Water Temperatures Evian water temperatures V W tem olvic ater peratures Pure water temperatures 120 120 100 100 100 100 80 80 Temperature (℃) ) magcup perature (℃ 80 magnetic cup 80 ) ) Temperature (℃ 60 peratures(℃ magcup 60 magcup 60 60 C m a10% agcup Ca10% Ca 10% magcup 40 40 Ca 10% agc  m 40 magnetic cup 40 up 20 Tem 20 Tem 20 20 0 0 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 70 80 seconds seconds seconds seconds Contrex Ion value Evian Ion value V Ion value olvic Pure Water Ion value 2500 800 250 16 700 14 2000 600 200 12 1500 500 150 10 magcup magcup magcup magcup ppm 8 ppm ppm 400 ppm 1000 Ca10% magcup Ca10% magcup 100 C m a10% agcup 6 Ca10% magcup 300 200 4 500 50 100 2 0 0 0 0 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 0 20 40 60 80 seconds seconds seconds secondsContrex 100cc Evian 100cc Volvic 100cc Pure water 100ccInitial Temperature 19℃ Initial Temperature 20℃ Initial Temperature 20℃ Initial Temperature 20℃Initial Ion value 1000ppm Initial Ion value magcup Initial Ion value magcup Initial Ion value magcup 264ppm 91ppm 5ppm Ca10%magcup Ca10% magcup Ca10% magcup 234ppm 80ppm 3ppm
  15. 15. The conclusions of the experimentsThe high concentration Ca waters showthe highest microwave heating effectswhile using Mn-Zn-Ca (Ca10%) ferrite andthe high concentration Ca waters alsoshow higher heating effects while usingMn-Zn ferrite. The higher ion values showhigher heating effects. The infraredemission wavelength from Mn-Zn-Caferrite coincides with the Ca absorptionwavelength between 8μm and 50μm or100μm and synchronizes with this.
  16. 16. The infrared and far-infrared absorptionwavelength of amino acids is 40μm to 100μm
  17. 17. The facility of amino acids, peptide and protein synthesis which uses Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite ceramic
  18. 18. ConclusionsWe sinter Mn-Zn ferrite inside the ceramic totally. When we heat thisceramic in a microwave oven, infrared and far-infrared waves with awavelength of 2μm to 20μm radiate inside the ceramic beyondthe intensity of blackbody radiation.We sinter Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite inside the ceramic totally. When weheat this ceramic inside the microwave oven, far-infrared waves with awavelength of 8μm to 100μm radiate inside the ceramic beyond theIntensity of blackbody radiation.When we use the ceramic in which Mn-Zn-Ca ferrite is sintered, we cansynthesize amino acids, peptide and protein which have an absorptionwavelength in the far-infrared region.

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