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An introduction of poetry- Characteristics of poetry

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1. Emotional and imaginative content:
the first notable feature of poetry is that its content is emotional and imaginative. In fact, emotion and imagination are the essential qualities of poetry.it is said that “poetry is imaginative emotional interpretation of life". Poetry deals with facts , experiences and problems of life. First ,it relates them to our emotions and then transforms them by imagination. Poetry treats reality imaginatively. However, it does no falsify it. Imagination and emotion predominate poetry.

2. Metrical form (Rhythm):
the second essential characteristic of poetry is metre. Poetry is emotional and imaginative in substance and metrical in form. Metre means rhythmical language. In poetry ,the emotional and imaginative interpretation of life is clothed in rhythmical language. Like any art ,the function of poetry is to give aesthetic pleasure. And it is metre which enables poetry to perform this function properly.it is metre which primarily differentiates poetry from prose. Without metre, even the most imagination and emotion subject would remain prose. It is metre which function as the dividing line between prose and poetry. Great critic Matthew Arnold says “ metre must be taken as the general and constant characteristic of poetry and the chief point of distinction between prose and poetry.

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An introduction of poetry- Characteristics of poetry

  1. 1. Poetry is language used in a special way. Its words form patterns, of verse , of sound , and of thought, that appeal strongly to the imagination. poetry is one of the oldest and most important branches of literature . From earliest time , people have enjoyed songs as they worked and played. Poets have recited stories of gods and heroes. They have won great honour in every civilization and today such names as Robert Frost , Ann Carl Sandburg command great respect. Millions of person read poetry and sing songs, which are poems set to music. And even write their own verse once in a while. 1
  2. 2. Definitions of poetry 2
  3. 3. Characteristics of poetry 1. Emotional and imaginative content: the first notable feature of poetry is that its content is emotional and imaginative. In fact, emotion and imagination are the essential qualities of poetry.it is said that “poetry is imaginative emotional interpretation of life". Poetry deals with facts , experiences and problems of life. First ,it relates them to our emotions and then transforms them by imagination. Poetry treats reality imaginatively. However, it does no falsify it. Imagination and emotion predominate poetry. 2. Metrical form (Rhythm): the second essential characteristic of poetry is metre. Poetry is emotional and imaginative in substance and metrical in form. Metre means rhythmical language. In poetry ,the emotional and imaginative interpretation of life is clothed in rhythmical language. Like any art ,the function of poetry is to give aesthetic pleasure. And it is metre which enables poetry to perform this function properly.it is metre which primarily differentiates poetry from prose. Without metre, even the most imagination and emotion subject would remain prose. It is metre which function as the dividing line between prose and poetry. Great critic Matthew Arnold says “ metre must be taken as the general and constant characteristic of poetry and the chief point of distinction between prose and poetry. 3
  4. 4. 3. Poetic diction : diction means both the choice and the arrangement of words.it is both vocabulary and syntax. Critics may have different views about poetic diction . however, it is truth that the words used by the poets are the different from those used by a prose –writer. The poet also arranges the words in a different way. It is metre which modifies the language of poetry . As Coleridge has said ,it makes the diction of poetry different from the language of prose. The poet uses sweet and pleasant sounds and not harsh ones. Similarly, the syntax of the poet is not conditioned by the rules of grammar but by requirements of metre. It is very important. 4. Rhyme: poetry has rhyme. It may be regular or irregular. Rhyme means the similarity in sounds between words or syllables .words or syllables at the end of two lines of a poem may have similar sounds. This means the two lines rhyme together. For example: “twinkle, twinkle you little star how I wonder what you are” 4
  5. 5. there are various kinds of rhyme like half-rhyme and eye-rhyme.it should be noted that is not an essential feature of poetry. For example , “blank verse’’ and “free verse” may not have rhyme. 5. Music and melody: the next feature of poetry is that it is musical and melodious.in fact , poetry is called musical speech . The poet makes use of various devices to make their verse musical. Such devices include rhyme, alliteration and certain consonants and vowels. The music of poetry is a matter of verbal felicity. The lyrical types like the song ,the ballad .and the sonnet are highly musical. Music can be called the essential quality of poetry. 6. figures of speech: it is not an essential feature of poetry. The diction of poetry needs to be figurative. Figures of speech are also essential for the emotion and imaginative appeal of poetry. Simile , metaphor , personification , hyperbole etc.. are some of the figures of speech which are often used by poets. Without figures of speech poetry may lose much of its charm and appeal. 5
  6. 6. 7. Life and Nature as raw materical of poetry: finally , life and nature are the raw material of poetry. Poetry reveals the mystery, beauty, and loveliness of human life and nature. Poetry turns the ordinary things of life and nature into objects of beauty .for example : Keats’s ode “ode to the nightingale” has made the bird beautiful and immortal. Conclusion: thus poetry has its own feature which distinguish it from other forms of literature. 6

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